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Ecomessage. ECENA 1 st Plenary Meeting Januari 19-20, 2006 Zagreb Henk Ruessink Environmental Inspectorate Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment The Netherlands. Current Problems with environmental crime. Environmental crime is billion $/€ international business,

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Ecomessage

Ecomessage

ECENA 1st Plenary Meeting

Januari 19-20, 2006

Zagreb

Henk Ruessink

Environmental Inspectorate

Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment

The Netherlands


Current problems with environmental crime

Current Problemswith environmental crime

  • Environmental crime is billion $/€ international business,

  • People, animals, ecosystems are faced with (severe) negative effects,

  • Law enforcement authorities have inadequate information concerning the size, structure & dynamics of (international) environmental crime,

  • There is inadequate communication and cooperation between environmental law enforcement agencies world-wide.


Ecomessage is interpol s reporting system for environmental crime

Ecomessageis Interpol’s reporting system for environmental crime

Ecomessage covers

  • Illegal transborder movements & illegal dumping of wastes and ODS,

  • Vessel pollution,

  • Illegal transborder activities involving radioactive substances,

  • Illegal trafficking in wild flora and fauna


Ecomessage is official interpol policy

Ecomessageis official Interpol policy

  • Interpol circular letter, reference 38/DII/SD2/E/INT/WG/2/ENV/94

  • Of 9 June 1994,

  • outlines the responsibilities of NCBs to transmit Ecomessages to the Interpol General Secretariat


Ecomessage collects data that can be

Ecomessagecollects data that can be:

  • Analyzed to define the size, structure and dynamics of syndicates involved in international environmental crime, and

  • Alert and request assistance from law enforcement agencies in other Interpol-member countries, and

  • Cross-referenced within Interpol’s database to identify any links between an active case and prior criminality.


Major ivory seizure good example of ecomessage subject

Major ivory seizureGood example of Ecomessage subject


Ecomessage data i

Ecomessage Data I

  • There have been 313 Ecomessages filed since 2000.

  • Most of these have been wildlife offenses involving:

    • Elephants & ivory 85

    • Protected wildlife skins 57

    • Reptiles33

    • Caviar 26

    • Traditional Oriental Medicines 25


Most common contraband

Most Common Contraband


Ecomessage data ii

Ecomessage Data II

  • There were approximately 800 Ecomessages filed before 2000.

  • Of these, the largest single commodity was elephant ivory, figuring in about 200 Ecomessages

  • Thus, the current total of Ecomessages should be about 1,113, of which about 285 should involve elephant ivory.


Smuggling techniques

Smuggling Techniques

  • 70 Luggage

  • 45 Freight

  • 22 Containers

  • 15 Postal and Express Delivery Mails

  • 7 Residential

  • 6 Concealed in vehicles


Countries of origin provenance

Indonesia

China

South Africa

Tanzania

Thailand

India

Netherlands

Malaysia

Afghanistan

Peru

Countries of Origin/Provenance

In ten or more cases:


Destinations

Czech Republic

Netherlands

Canada

Russia

Belgium

United Arab Emirates

Italy

Spain

USA

Tanzania

Destinations


Transit countries

Transit Countries

  • Netherlands

  • Germany

  • Turkey

  • China

  • Kenya

  • Czech Republic


Caveats

CAVEATS....

  • Data presented is NOT statistically valid!

  • The Ecomessage database is still much too small to be the basis of serious analysis  we need more !


Current initiatives

Current Initiatives

  • Efforts are being made to stimulate submission of Ecomessages for both pollution and wildlife offenses.

  • INECE is sponsoring distribution of Ecomessage information to pollution control agencies.

  • IFAW is sponsoring the publishing and distribution of Ecomessage information to wildlife agencies.


Ecomessage

  • Ecomessage

  • Brochure

  • Provides:

  • Information about Ecomessage

  • Instructions for completing forms and filing with Interpol

  • Copies of Ecomessage forms

  • Examples of Ecomessges

  • Produced in

  • Arabic

  • English

  • French

  • Spanish

  • Hard Copy & CD versions


Ecomessage award

Ecomessage Award

  • Wildlife Only

  • U.S. $30,000 award

  • Presented as law enforcement training or law enforcement equipment (no cash!)

  • Criteria established by Interpol’s Working Group on Wildlife Crime

  • Presented for a CITES Intersessional Period

  • Sponsored by IFAW


Your participation is important

Your Participation is Important

  • Criminal syndicates are damaging the biosphere for their profit.

  • These syndicates can be stopped only once law enforcement learns their vulnerabilities and modes of operation.

  • These can be identified by analysis of Ecomessage data.


Thanks to

Thanks To:

  • Bill Clark

  • Interpol

  • ...

  • And!


Ecomessage countries

Australia

Belgium

Botswana

Canada

Chile

Colombia

Czech Republic

Djibouti

Egypt

Germany

Hong Kong, China

India

Israel

Italy

Japan

Kenya

Namibia

Netherlands

New Zealand

Peru

Rwanda

Singapore

Slovenia

South Africa

Sweden

Switzerland

Thailand

Tanzania

Uganda

United Kingdom

United States

Zimbabwe

Ecomessage Countries!


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