effects of industrialization
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Urbanization - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Effects of Industrialization. Urbanization. City building and the movement of people to cities Some cities (Glasgow and Berlin) tripled and quadrupled. What is Urbanization?. 1700s – Britain was primarily a rural country 1851 – More lived in cities than the countryside

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Presentation Transcript
what is urbanization

City building and the movement of people to cities

Some cities (Glasgow and Berlin) tripled and quadrupled

What is Urbanization?
industrialization changes ways of life

1700s – Britain was primarily a rural country

  • 1851 – More lived in cities than the countryside
  • Pace of Industrialization quickened in Britain
  • Factory system – manufacturing goods in a central location
    • Factories developed in clusters. Why?
    • Entrepreneurs built them near sources of energy
Industrialization Changes Ways of Life
growth of industrial cities

London – Britain’s capital and Europe’s largest city in 1800 (1 million people)

    • Population exploded in the 1800s
  • New cities challenged London’s industrial leadership
    • Birmingham and Sheffield became iron-smelting centers
    • Leeds and Manchester dominated textile manufacturing
Growth of Industrial Cities
peer discussion

Using Manchester’s population growth as an example, what could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?

    • Provide two examples for the advantages and two examples for the disadvantages
    • Describe Manchester in relation to one of the 5 themes of Geography
Peer Discussion
living conditions

No sanitary codes or building controls

  • Lack of adequate housing, education, and police protection
  • Lack of running water and indoor plumbing
  • Frequent epidemics sweeping through slums
    • Ex. Cholera
  • Eventually, better housing, healthier diets, and cheaper clothing
Living Conditions
working conditions

Created new jobs for workers

Workers trying to keep pace with machines

Factories dirty and unsanitary

Workers running dangerous machines for long hours

Harsh, severe factory discipline

Eventually, higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions

Working Conditions
class tensions

Not everyone in the new cities lived miserably

  • A new class emerged – the middle class
    • A social class of skilled workers, professionals, businesspeople, and wealthy farmers
  • Upper class of landowners and aristocrats resentful of rich middle class
  • Lower middle class of factory overseers and skilled workers
  • Workers overworked and underpaid
Class Tensions
social classes

Upper Class

Upper Middle Class

Lower Middle Class

Working Class

Do these social classes still exist today? In what ways?

Social Classes
political cartoons assignment

You are a cartoonist the a London newspaper during the Industrial Revolution and feel troubled by the different problems that are happening as a result of this “revolution.” Your newspaper editor has asked you to create a political cartoon (cartoons that convey a message in humorous and/or thought-provoking ways) that highlights a condition or problem associated with the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. Some problems you may choose to illustrate are: the pollution of the air, the hierarchy of social classes, the dangerous conditions in the factories, and the crowded living conditions.

Remember: Cartoons should combine both drawings and text

Political Cartoons - Assignment