Effects of industrialization
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 14

Urbanization PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Effects of Industrialization. Urbanization. City building and the movement of people to cities Some cities (Glasgow and Berlin) tripled and quadrupled. What is Urbanization?. 1700s – Britain was primarily a rural country 1851 – More lived in cities than the countryside

Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Effects of industrialization

Effects of Industrialization


What is urbanization

City building and the movement of people to cities

Some cities (Glasgow and Berlin) tripled and quadrupled

What is Urbanization?

Industrialization changes ways of life

  • 1700s – Britain was primarily a rural country

  • 1851 – More lived in cities than the countryside

  • Pace of Industrialization quickened in Britain

  • Factory system – manufacturing goods in a central location

    • Factories developed in clusters. Why?

    • Entrepreneurs built them near sources of energy

Industrialization Changes Ways of Life

Growth of industrial cities

  • London – Britain’s capital and Europe’s largest city in 1800 (1 million people)

    • Population exploded in the 1800s

  • New cities challenged London’s industrial leadership

    • Birmingham and Sheffield became iron-smelting centers

    • Leeds and Manchester dominated textile manufacturing

Growth of Industrial Cities

Case study manchester

Formed the center of Britain’s bustling cotton industry

Case Study: Manchester

Population growth

Population Growth

Peer discussion

  • Using Manchester’s population growth as an example, what could be the advantages and disadvantages of such rapid growth?

    • Provide two examples for the advantages and two examples for the disadvantages

    • Describe Manchester in relation to one of the 5 themes of Geography

Peer Discussion

Living conditions

  • No sanitary codes or building controls

  • Lack of adequate housing, education, and police protection

  • Lack of running water and indoor plumbing

  • Frequent epidemics sweeping through slums

    • Ex. Cholera

  • Eventually, better housing, healthier diets, and cheaper clothing

Living Conditions

Working conditions

Created new jobs for workers

Workers trying to keep pace with machines

Factories dirty and unsanitary

Workers running dangerous machines for long hours

Harsh, severe factory discipline

Eventually, higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions

Working Conditions

Class tensions

  • Not everyone in the new cities lived miserably

  • A new class emerged – the middle class

    • A social class of skilled workers, professionals, businesspeople, and wealthy farmers

  • Upper class of landowners and aristocrats resentful of rich middle class

  • Lower middle class of factory overseers and skilled workers

  • Workers overworked and underpaid

Class Tensions

Social classes

Upper Class

Upper Middle Class

Lower Middle Class

Working Class

Do these social classes still exist today? In what ways?

Social Classes

Current events china s population problems


Current Events: China’s Population Problems

Political cartoons assignment

You are a cartoonist the a London newspaper during the Industrial Revolution and feel troubled by the different problems that are happening as a result of this “revolution.” Your newspaper editor has asked you to create a political cartoon (cartoons that convey a message in humorous and/or thought-provoking ways) that highlights a condition or problem associated with the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. Some problems you may choose to illustrate are: the pollution of the air, the hierarchy of social classes, the dangerous conditions in the factories, and the crowded living conditions.

Remember: Cartoons should combine both drawings and text

Political Cartoons - Assignment

Political cartoons

Political Cartoons

  • Login