SUPPORTING STUDENTS DURING INSTRUCTION
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SUPPORTING STUDENTS DURING INSTRUCTION. “We spend a lot of time trying to remediate students who have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to prevent failure in the first place.”

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“We spend a lot of time trying to remediate students who have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to prevent failure in the first place.”

Mindsteps, August 18, 2010


Staff development learning targets
Staff Development Learning Targets have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

I can…

  • recognize when a student is undergoing a constructive or destructive struggle in my class

  • write learning targets for the objective I am teaching.

  • write criteria for success for each of my learning targets.

  • determine red flags for each of my criteria for success

3


Researchers say
Researchers say… have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

How will you help those who falter during instruction?

Use Text Rendering Protocol


Group activity categorizing
Group Activity: Categorizing have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

  • Your group will be given a paper with ten statements.

  • You are to discuss each statement and decide if it fits a student who is undergoing destructive struggling or constructive struggling with their classroom studies.

  • Put a check in the box of your choice beside the statement. Write a brief supporting statement in the next box. Be prepared to share your choices.


Constructive vs destructive struggle
Constructive vs. Destructive Struggle have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

Destructive Struggle

Constructive Struggle

Leads to understanding.

Makes learning goals feel attainable and effort worthwhile.

Yields positive results.

Leads students to feelings of empowerment and efficacy.

Creates a since of hope.

  • Leads to frustration.

  • Makes learning goals seem out of reach and further effort feels pointless.

  • Feels fruitless.

  • Leaves students feeling abandon.

  • Creates since of inadequacy.


Learning targets
Learning Targets have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

  • Are student-friendly descriptions of what the students are to learn.

  • Learning targets are designed to be taught in one to two lessons.

  • Targets must be measureable.

  • Targets must be written in language students can understand.

  • Targets should allow for scaffolding?


Handout
Handout have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

Learning Target vs. Instructional Objective


Videos
Videos have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

  • Elementary: Sharing Clear Targets

    https://center.ncsu.edu/nc/

  • High School: High School Learning Targets

    https://center.ncsu.edu/nc/


How to develop a learning target
How to Develop a Learning Target have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

  • Determine your Standard or Objective.

  • Identify the essential part(s) of each objective that you want your students to learn—these are your targets.

  • Design a strong performance of understanding—these are thinking skills and applying new knowledge

  • Write the learning targets in language students can understand.

  • Students should be able to use I can statements.


Activity
Activity have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

Identifying Learning Targets


Criteria for success
Criteria for Success have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

  • The criteria for success focuses on what students will be doing during the learning process.

  • The criteria for success provides an understanding of what quality work should look like.

  • The learning targets should be met after achieving the criteria for success.


Video
Video have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

Middle school example

https://center.ncsu.edu/nc/


Criteria for Success have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

Example


Formative assessment plan
Formative Assessment Plan have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

NOT a new form to fill out!


Group activity
Group Activity have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

  • Using Criteria for Success, how can you determine when a student needs help?

  • Write a potential “Red Flag” for one of the learning targets.


Red flags
Red Flags have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to

  • “Red Flags” are early-warning signals that students are headed for a destructive struggle and should be:

    • very clearly defined

    • hard to ignore

    • trigger action

    • focused only on academic concerns, not student behaviors.

  • Example: Students that miss more than 2 problems on a 10 problem math test.


RED FLAGS WORKSHEET have failed or are failing our classes. I often wonder why we don’t take that energy we use addressing failure by doing what we can to


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