Rise of the people s republic
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Rise of the People’s Republic. “A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle. A revolution is an… act of violence by which one class overthrows another.”. --Mao Zedong, 1927.

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Rise of the People’s Republic

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Rise of the people s republic

Rise of the People’s Republic


Rise of the people s republic

“A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle. A revolution is an… act of violence by which one class overthrows another.”

--Mao Zedong, 1927


Communist victory

Communist Victory

  • 1930s & 1940s – Mao rallies supporters to free China from forces of oppression—greedy landlords, corrupt officials, foreign imperialists

  • During WWII, Nationalists & Communists team up against Japan

    • Still don’t like each other

  • USA help the Nationalists in struggle against Mao’s Communists

    • Didn’t work

  • 1949 — Mao takes over Beijing, declares birth of People’s Republic of China

    • Nationalists flee to Taiwan

    • Set up gov’t, vow to regain control of China

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700


Appeal of communism

Appeal of Communism

  • Mao promised to end years of oppression of China’s poor by landlords & gov’tofficials

  • “Dictatorship of the people!”

  • Mao denounced imperialism & promoted industrialization

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700


Marxism maoism

Marxism & Maoism

  • Karl Marx, German “father of communism” shaped Mao’s idea of communism

  • Mid-1800s – Marx predicted the proletariat, or the industrial working class, would rise up against the bourgeoisie, or the ruling class

  • Proletariat revolution would spread worldwide

    • Create a classless society

  • 1917— Communist revolution takes place in Russia

    • Inspires Mao

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700


Creating a new order

Creating a New Order

  • 1954 – Communists set up a constitution

    • Sets up a “people's congress”

    • Permitted free elections

    • Protected other democratic rights

  • In practice, China became a one-party dictatorship.

    • Communists held all important jobs

    • Communists controlled the economy

    • Silenced critics

    • Enforced own views

  • To restore order in China, Communist turn China into a totalitarian state

    • Gov’t controls every aspect of people’s lives

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700


Mao s leadership

Mao’s Leadership

  • Mao becomes popular hero through propaganda campaigns

  • Chinese taught that Chairman Mao had all the answers to Chinas problems

    • Memorized Mao’s sayings from Quotations from Chairman Mao, or “the Little Red Book”

  • Mao restored order, ended foreign influence

  • Insisted China become self-sufficient

    • Increase food production

    • Extended basic health care services to huge population

    • Built Chinese schools

    • Great Leap Forward

    • Cultural Revolution

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700


New directions

New Directions

  • 1979 – Mao dies, Deng Xiaoping takes over

    • Turns away some of Mao’s ideas

    • Eased control of gov’t’s strict controls

    • Sent Chinese students abroad

    • Welcomed foreign investment

  • 1989 — Policies almost backfired.

    • Tiananman Square protests for democratic reforms

    • Initially, gov’t allows protests, then orders students to go home

    • Students refuse

    • Army kills/wounds thousands

    • Gov’t arrests, tortures, and kills leaders

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

1900

WWI

2000


Life after mao

Life After Mao

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7GqnFbKAOkE


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