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Rise of the People’s Republic. “A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle. A revolution is an… act of violence by which one class overthrows another.”. --Mao Zedong, 1927.

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“A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle. A revolution is an… act of violence by which one class overthrows another.”

--Mao Zedong, 1927

communist victory
Communist Victory
  • 1930s & 1940s – Mao rallies supporters to free China from forces of oppression—greedy landlords, corrupt officials, foreign imperialists
  • During WWII, Nationalists & Communists team up against Japan
    • Still don’t like each other
  • USA help the Nationalists in struggle against Mao’s Communists
    • Didn’t work
  • 1949 — Mao takes over Beijing, declares birth of People’s Republic of China
    • Nationalists flee to Taiwan
    • Set up gov’t, vow to regain control of China

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700

appeal of communism
Appeal of Communism
  • Mao promised to end years of oppression of China’s poor by landlords & gov’tofficials
  • “Dictatorship of the people!”
  • Mao denounced imperialism & promoted industrialization

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700

marxism maoism
Marxism & Maoism
  • Karl Marx, German “father of communism” shaped Mao’s idea of communism
  • Mid-1800s – Marx predicted the proletariat, or the industrial working class, would rise up against the bourgeoisie, or the ruling class
  • Proletariat revolution would spread worldwide
    • Create a classless society
  • 1917— Communist revolution takes place in Russia
    • Inspires Mao

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700

creating a new order
Creating a New Order
  • 1954 – Communists set up a constitution
    • Sets up a “people\'s congress”
    • Permitted free elections
    • Protected other democratic rights
  • In practice, China became a one-party dictatorship.
    • Communists held all important jobs
    • Communists controlled the economy
    • Silenced critics
    • Enforced own views
  • To restore order in China, Communist turn China into a totalitarian state
    • Gov’t controls every aspect of people’s lives

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700

mao s leadership
Mao’s Leadership
  • Mao becomes popular hero through propaganda campaigns
  • Chinese taught that Chairman Mao had all the answers to Chinas problems
    • Memorized Mao’s sayings from Quotations from Chairman Mao, or “the Little Red Book”
  • Mao restored order, ended foreign influence
  • Insisted China become self-sufficient
    • Increase food production
    • Extended basic health care services to huge population
    • Built Chinese schools
    • Great Leap Forward
    • Cultural Revolution

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

Revolutionary

1900

WWI

1800

2000

1700

new directions
New Directions
  • 1979 – Mao dies, Deng Xiaoping takes over
    • Turns away some of Mao’s ideas
    • Eased control of gov’t’s strict controls
    • Sent Chinese students abroad
    • Welcomed foreign investment
  • 1989 — Policies almost backfired.
    • Tiananman Square protests for democratic reforms
    • Initially, gov’t allows protests, then orders students to go home
    • Students refuse
    • Army kills/wounds thousands
    • Gov’t arrests, tortures, and kills leaders

Civil

WWII

Vietnam

1900

WWI

2000

life after mao
Life After Mao

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7GqnFbKAOkE

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