National Perspectives: Demographics, Accountability and the Economic Impact of Proprietary Schools
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2/10/2012. JBL Associates. 2. Proprietary School Accountability. 2/10/2012. JBL Associates. 3. H.R. 3746, the
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1. National Perspectives: Demographics, Accountability and the Economic Impact of Proprietary Schools Educational Approval Board Approved Schools Conference November 15, 2007

2. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 2 Proprietary School Accountability

3. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 3 H.R. 3746, the ?College Access and Opportunity Act of 2007 Consideration of student academic achievement Retention rates Course and program completion Passing state licensing examinations Job placement rates

4. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 4 Changing Missions First Morrill Act authorized public land grants to the states for the establishment and maintenance of agricultural and mechanical colleges, 1852 Smith-Hughes Act provided for grants to states for support of vocational education 1917

5. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 5 Servicemen's Readjustment Act 1944 Veterans made up 49 percent of U.S. college enrollment in 1947 7.8 million veterans trained at colleges, trade schools and in business and agriculture training programs. 1952 veterans of the Korean War 1966 veterans of the Vietnam War ended in 1989

6. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 6 Higher Education Act The Higher Education Act of 1965 and the National Vocational Student Loan Insurance Act 1972 Amendments to the Higher Education Act Pell Grant Recognition of proprietary schools as equal partners

7. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 7 Major Associations AICS (Association of Independent Colleges and Schools) 1912 NACCAS (the National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences) 1924 NATTS (the National Association of Trade and Technical Schools) 1965

8. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 8 Higher Education Amendments, 1992 Elimination of eligibility to participate in federal student loan programs for any college with a default rate of 25% or more for three consecutive years (or 40% or more in a single year)

9. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 9 Higher Education Amendments, 1992 The 90/10 (formerly 85/15) Rule: federal financial assistance is limited to no more than 90 percent. Limits on Student Aid for Schools that Offer Predominantly Correspondence and Telecommunications Courses Minimum Instructional Time Requirements Minimum Completion and Job Placement Rate Requirements Prohibit commissions, bonuses, and other incentive payments to school employees and recruiters Limited Loan Forgiveness for Victims of Fraud

10. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 10 Economic Impact of Proprietary Schools

11. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 11 The Knowledge Economy 30 years ago, 28% of the workers between the ages of 30 and 59 had at least some postsecondary education Today, more than 60% of the age group have some education beyond high school

12. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 12 Changing Job Market Manufacturing jobs have dropped from 32% of all jobs in 1959 to 17% today Big increases in: office jobs?30% to 39% health care?10% to 16% technical jobs?3.5% to 7% Low skilled service jobs?20% to 20%

13. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 13 Proprietary School?s Contribution

14. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 14 Growth in Demand The BLS projects a 14 percent increase in job opportunities requiring a vocational certificate from 2004 through 2014, a 19 percent increase in jobs requiring an associate?s degree over the same period of time

15. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 15 Most Commonly Pursued Occupations for Career College Graduates Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences Personal and Culinary Services Business, Management, Marketing & Related Support Services Computer and Information Sciences

16. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 16 Degrees Awarded

17. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 17 Proprietary School Graduates Receive Higher Salaries The lifetime earnings for associate?s degree holders total $1.6 million, or $337,127 higher than that of high school graduates The average career college graduate paid an estimated $4,363 in federal taxes

18. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 18 Proprietary Schools are Growing Proprietary schools include 2,694 Title IV eligible institutions 39 percent of all Title IV postsecondary institutions in the nation Serving over 2.1 million students annually Enrollment increased by 17 percent since 2003-2004

19. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 19 Economic Impact Career colleges reported total revenues of approximately $14.6 billion last year Of nearly 500,000 career college completions in 2005, 76%(376,560) are employed directly following graduation The average income earned by career college graduates is $39,546

20. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 20 Demographics

21. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 21

22. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 22 Projected Enrollment Increase 2004 to 2014 6 % for White, non-Hispanic; 27 % for Black, non-Hispanic; 42 % for Hispanic; 28 % for Asian or Pacific Islanders; 30 % for American Indian or Alaska Native 34 % for nonresident aliens

23. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 23

24. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 24 Proprietary Schools Enroll and Graduate Minority Students

25. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 25 Implications We must increase educational achievement if we are to remain competitive in the world economy That is going to be made difficult given that the generation entering postsecondary age will pose greater educational challenges

26. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 26 Proprietary Schools Will be an Important Part of the Solution Market responsive Must provide effective education Other providers will continue to be critical Limit aggressive marketing Document job placement Transparent accounting

27. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 27 Cautions and Questions Can we prove value added by our education? Employability is partially a function of ?soft skills? Can we teach those skills? Do we add to the cultural capital of our students? We can only be accountable for what can be measured, but that may not be enough

28. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 28 To Whom Should we be Accountable? Federal government State government Accrediting agencies Directly to students

29. 2/10/2012 JBL Associates 29 John Lee JBL Associates, Inc. 6900 Wisconsin Ave., #606 Bethesda, MD 20815 301-654-5154 jbl@jblassoc.com


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