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Black Power. As the civil rights movement grew, many African Americans questioned the effectiveness of non- violence. Others began to question the desirability of integration altogether. Adopting a slogan of Black Power, many of these leaders began to go in another direction.

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Black Power

As the civil rights

movement grew, many

African Americans

questioned the

effectiveness of non-

violence. Others began

to question the

desirability of integration

altogether. Adopting

a slogan of Black Power,

many of these leaders

began to go in another

direction.


Northern segregation
Northern Segregation

  • De facto segregation – Segregation that exists by practice and custom.

  • De jure segregation – Segregation by law

  • Which is harder to fight? Why?


Malcolm X

In 1946, while in

prison, Malcolm

embraced the

teachings of Elijah

Muhammads’s Nation

of Islam, or Black

Muslims, an offshoot

of the orthodox

Islamic faith. He began

to preach black

separatism and armed

self-defense.


Black power
Black Power

  • A call for black people to define their own goals…and to lead their own organizations.

  • MLK urged to stay away from this to avoid violent resistance.


“Because I’ve been to the mountaintop….and I’ve

looked over….and I’ve seen the Promise Land….I

may not get there with you but….we as a people

will get to the Promise Land.”


King is Assassinated

On April 4, 1968,

Martin Luther

King, Jr. was

assassinated in

Memphis, TN,

by James Earl

Ray.


Legacy of the CRM

Gains

1. End of legalized

segregation

2. Constitutional

and legal pro-

tection of civil

rights and voting

rights.

3. Increased pride

in racial identity.

4. More African-

American voters,

elected officials,

and high school

and college

graduates.

Unfinished Work

The movement still faces

such challenges as:

*housing and job

discrimination

*educational inequality

*poverty

*racism

*lack of jobs

Affirmative Action pro-

grams involve making

special efforts to hire or

enroll groups that have

suffered discrimination.


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