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Windows NT. Chapter 13 Key Terms. By Bill Ward. NT Versions. NT Workstation A desktop PC that both accesses a network and works as a stand alone PC NT Server

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Windows NT

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Windows nt

Windows NT

Chapter 13

Key Terms

By Bill Ward

Nt versions

NT Versions

NT Workstation

  • A desktop PC that both accesses a network and works as a stand alone PC

    NT Server

  • A computer that contains data, software, and security validation files that are shared simultaneously by workstations on the network.

Network administrator

Network Administrator

  • The network administrator controls network access. The administrator creates and tracks:

    • User accounts.

    • User profiles - information about the authorized users.

    • User groups

  • The administrator can modify a user profile or group profile to control the types of changes a user can make to his or her environment, including the ability to install or configure software and hardware.

Administrator account

Administrator account

  • Account that grants the administrator rights and permissions to all hardware and software resources, such as the right to add, delete, or change accounts and to change hardware configurations.

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(Application Program Interface)

  • An application program interface is a method that one program calls another program to perform a task.

  • Most operating environments such as MS-Windows provide an API so that programmers can write applications consistent with the operating environment



  • Windows NT domain is a group of networked computers that share a centralized directory database of user account information and security.

Windows nt


  • Every domain has a primary domain controller (PDC), which stores and controls a database of user accounts, group accounts and computer accounts. The data base is called the directory database or the security accounts manager (SAM) database.

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  • One or more read-only backup copies of the directory database can be kept on other computers. Each computer with a backup of the directory database is called a backup domain controller.

  • The backup domain controller can become the primary domain controller if a problem occurs.

Event viewer

Event Viewer

  • The event viewer tracks events as they are performed by the applications, the OS, services, or processes and by user actions.

  • One of the most important uses of the Event Viewer is to view the failed event log. Information can be found in this log to help resolve the problem.

  • Can be accessed by clicking Start, Programs, Administrative Tools, and clicking Event Viewer.

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(Hardware Abstraction Layer)

  • Windows NT modular approach allows different platforms or hardware configurations, including different CPU technologies.

    • Windows NT can isolate parts of the OS from other parts in a modular fashion. The part of the OS that interacts with the hardware is the HAL.

    • HAL is the only part of the OS that has to change when platforms change.

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(Hardware compatibility list)

  • A list of all computers and peripheral devices that have been tested and are officially supported by Windows NT



  • There are two ways look at the registry organization:

    • Logical - looks like a tree with five branches, called keys or subtrees.

    • Physical - the registry is stored in five files called hives.




      • HKEY_USERS




Logical Organized Physical Organized

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(NT Hardware Qualifier)

  • A utility found on the NT installation CD that examines your system to determine if all hardware present qualifies for NT.

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(Win 16 on Win 32)

  • The Virtual Machine (a.k.a WOW, or Windows on Windows), is a Win16 subsystem that runs under Windows NT, which allows 16-bit applications to run as if they were being executed on a DOS machine, with that machine's and segmented memory model

Windows nt

That’s all folks.

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