Aspirations and decision making competence in the achievement of employment and education outcomes
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Aspirations and Decision-Making Competence in the Achievement of Employment and Education Outcomes. A Study of BoysTown’s Social Enterprises for Australian Youth Salote Mafi. BoysTown Social Enterprises.

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Aspirations and decision making competence in the achievement of employment and education outcomes

Aspirations and Decision-Making Competence in the Achievement of Employment and Education Outcomes

A Study of BoysTown’s Social Enterprises for Australian Youth

Salote Mafi


Boystown social enterprises

BoysTown Social Enterprises

BoysTown delivers social enterprises for marginalised young people aged 15-25 years to improve their quality of life

The overarching objective:

Prepare young people aged 15-25 years for the open labour market by providing paid employment in a supported environment

The key components are:

Experiential learning of vocational skills

Training to reinforce the learning of vocational skills

Case management to address barriers to employment


Research project

Research Project

  • Australian Research Council linkage project between BoysTown and Griffith University

    • Reconnecting Disaffected Youth through Successful Transition to Work

Assess

Identify

Disseminate


Method

Method

Mixed method

Quantitative surveys

Qualitative semi-structured interviews

Young peoplein BoysTown’s programs

542 young people surveyed at entry, mid and/or exit

60 young people interviewed

BoysTown staff

15 executive, management and frontline staff

interviewed

36 frontline staff surveyed

Employers

4 employers surveyed and interviewed


Participants in the study

Participants in the Study

  • 542 participants

    • 75% male and 25% female

    • 25% Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander

    • 17% from Culturally and

      Linguistically Diverse background

    • Average age of 19 years

    • Age range from 14 to 26 years


Client profile

Client Profile

Limited work history

83% had never worked full-time

45% grew up in homes where parents did not work

Long-term unemployment

10 months average time spent in unemployment

30% in long-term or very long-term unemployment

Low levels of formal education

85% dropped out of school before completing Year 12

39% dropped out of school before completing Year 10

Lack of stable or secure accommodation

18% in supported or unstable accommodation

42% in public housing


Decision making

Decision-Making


Aspirations

Aspirations


Agency

Agency


Employment and education outcomes

Employment and Education Outcomes

73% obtained positive employment or education outcomes

41% gained full-time employment

20% engaged with education

12% gained part-time employment

Of the participants who obtained an outcome:

89% remained in their outcome for at least 13 weeks

80% remained in their outcome for at least 26 weeks


Predicting outcomes

Predicting Outcomes

Factors used in predictive analysis

Personal agency

Interpersonal and collective agency

Relational agency

Valuing job, life and financial aspirations

Believing that aspirations can be achieved

Decision-making competence

Help-seeking when making decisions

Participants more likely to achieve full-time outcomes

Young people with decision-making competence and

who believe they will achieve their aspirations


Aspirations and decision making competence in the achievement of employment and education outcomes

What the young people say…

“It’s good, they change lives, they turned me around…

Because before I came

here I was starting to

fall down the wrong

path but when I came

here I changed. I’m a

better person now.”


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