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Assessing impacts of competition – experience from ODI research. Karen Ellis Head of Private Sector & Markets Programme, ODI. Project assessing economic impact of competition and related policy. Policy context & market environment. Degree of competition. Market outcomes. Countries:

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Assessing impacts of competition experience from odi research

Assessing impacts of competition – experience from ODI research

Karen Ellis

Head of Private Sector & Markets Programme, ODI


Project assessing economic impact of competition and related policy
Project assessing economic impact of competition and related policy

Policy context &

market

environment

Degree of

competition

Market

outcomes


Countries and markets analysed

Countries: related policy

Bangladesh

Vietnam

Ghana

Kenya

Zambia

Markets:

Sugar

Cement

Mobile phones

Beer

Countries and markets analysed


The sugar market
The sugar market related policy


Comparing efficiency average sugar production tonnes produced per hectare of sugar grown
Comparing efficiency related policyAverage sugar production (tonnes produced per hectare of sugar grown)



Cement market structure
Cement market structure related policy




Mobile telecoms benefits
Mobile telecoms benefits related policy


Mobiles market average per minute mobile tariff 2007 figures in usd
Mobiles market related policyAverage per minute mobile tariff (2007 figures in USD)


Zambia s international gateway problem
Zambia´s International related policyGateway Problem

  • Only one international gateway exchange operated by monopoly

  • State charged v. high price for international gateway licence

  • $18 million, compared to $214,000 in Kenya & $50,000 in Uganda

  • Drove up prices and distorted whole mobiles market, increasing the costs of doing business in the country.




Director for mergers and monopolies at the zambian competition commission
Director for Mergers and related policyMonopolies at the Zambian Competition Commission:

‘Many times it becomes very difficult to actually show the benefits. Of course, a report like this makes it much easier to advocate to the government. With our persistence, we kept going to the government and highlighting the benefits of competition, showing them the statistics as such a report has done. And eventually we have gotten through to the government. And the fee for the international gateway has fallen ...’


The impact
The Impact related policy

  • June 2010, Govt reduced license fee to $350,000

  • Licences awarded to the 2 private operators

  • Within 1 month, both private operators reduced international tariffs by 40-80%

  • “I think it’s a huge benefit to the Zambian consumers and also to the business community.” (Director of Regulation, ZICTA)


Thank you related policy

[email protected]


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