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Persia Unites Many Lands. Synopsis: The Persian Empire ruled with tolerance and wise government. Tolerance and wise government are characteristics of the most successful methods of rule. The Rise of Persia.

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Persia unites many lands

Persia Unites Many Lands

Synopsis: The Persian Empire ruled with tolerance and wise government. Tolerance and wise government are characteristics of the most successful methods of rule.


The rise of persia
The Rise of Persia

  • Persia, a new power, arose east of Mesopotamia, in modern Iran. The area had good farmland.


  • It was also rich in minerals. There were mines of copper, lead, gold, and silver.


  • The Persians joined with other forces to help defeat the Assyrians. About 550 B.C., the Persians began their own conquests.


  • Their king was Cyrus, and excellent general. His troops rode swift ponies and used short bows that could be fired quickly.


  • Cyrus was a great warrior.Heled his army to conquer a huge empire. It stretched from the Indus Valley in India all the way through Mesopotamia to Turkey.





Cyrus, however, Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.made sure that his army did not harm the people he conquered. Heallowed the people to practice their old religions, too.


Cyrus Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.let the Hebrews return to Jerusalem and rebuild their temple there.


Persian rule and religion
Persian Rule and Religion Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.

Cyrus died in 530 B.C. The kings who followed him had to decide how to run the vast new empire.


  • His son, Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.Cambyses II, conquered Egypt in 525 B.C.


  • The Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.Battle of Pelusiumin525 B.C.E., was the first major battle between the Persian (Achaemenid) Empire, and Egypt. The Persians won decisively and Cambyses II was able to take the throne of Egypt.


  • The Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.Egyptians were unwilling to strike the Persians during the battle, because the Persians were carrying shields with the image of Bastet on it. They also threw cats at the Egyptians.


529–522 BC Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.

  • Cambyses executed the Egyptian Pharaoh after he tried to lead a rebellion against him.


As the Pharaoh over Egypt, Cambyses decided to lessen the taxes that the people had to pay to the priests. He told them that they would no longer have to give as much of their livestock for sacrifices.


He taxes that the people had to pay to the priests. He told them that they would no longer have to give as much of their livestock for sacrifices. did not respect the Egyptian priests or their practices.



Cambyses could be very cruel to those who he felt were corrupt. When he found out that a judge, Sisamnes, had accepted a bribe, he decided to make an example out of him.


Judgment of Cambyses corrupt. When he found out that a judge, Sisamnes, had accepted a bribe, he decided to make an example out of him.

Cambyses would have the judge arrested and punished. The punishment was far from ordinary.


  • corrupt. When he found out that a judge, Sisamnes, had accepted a bribe, he decided to make an example out of him. King Cambyses slit his throat and flayed off all his skin, and he strung the chair on which Sisamnes had used to sit to deliver his verdicts with these thongs.”

  • From: Herodotus, The Histories V.25 (translation by Robert Waterfield (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), 312).


To replace Judge Sisamnes whom he had killed and flayed, Cambyses appointed Sisamnes’s son, Otanes, as the new judge.

From: http://www.harris-greenwell.com/HGS/FlayingFalseJustice#fn1_1



At some point during their march, the mighty Persian army was said to have been overcome by a sandstorm in the Egyptian desert.


  • The next king, was said to have been overcome by a sandstorm in the Egyptian desert. Darius, proved as able as Cyrus, Darius put down several revolts.

  • He won more land for the empire and created a government for the empire.


Only Greece escaped Persian control. was said to have been overcome by a sandstorm in the Egyptian desert.


Darius was said to have been overcome by a sandstorm in the Egyptian desert. divided the land into 20 provinces, each holding a certain group to practice its own religion, speak its own language, and obey many of its own laws.


  • He was said to have been overcome by a sandstorm in the Egyptian desert. also putroyal governors– (satraps) – in place to make sure that the people obeyed his laws.

  • The king had inspectors check on the satraps, they were called eyes and ears.


  • Darius built was said to have been overcome by a sandstorm in the Egyptian desert. theRoyal Road to unite his large empire.

  • This excellent road system ran 1,677 miles.



  • Darius about seven days. also hadmetal coinsmade that could be used for business anywhere in the empire. He copied this idea from the Lydians that lived in Turkey (Anatolia).The coins had a standard value.



  • During the increase trade.PersianEmpire, a new religion arose in Southwest Asia.

  • AprophetnamedZoroastersaid there were two powerful gods.


  • One stood for truth (Ahura Mazda) and light. The other represented evil (Ariman) and darkness. Paradise awaited those who followed truth and light, and punishment for those who chose darkness. This was determined by a day of Judgement. Zoroaster wrote down these ideas in a book called the Avesta.



The story of zoroaster

The Story of Zoroaster choose truth and light to enter paradise.


He was placed by god in a Hamoa plant. choose truth and light to enter paradise.


He Laughed instead of crying at birth. choose truth and light to enter paradise.



They tried to burn him to death and wanted to destroy him.


They tried to let animals stamped upon him and wanted to destroy him.





  • The raised him.Persians left their mark in history. The Persians showed respect for other cultures.



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