Persia unites many lands
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Persia Unites Many Lands. Synopsis: The Persian Empire ruled with tolerance and wise government. Tolerance and wise government are characteristics of the most successful methods of rule. The Rise of Persia.

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Persia Unites Many Lands

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Persia unites many lands

Persia Unites Many Lands

Synopsis: The Persian Empire ruled with tolerance and wise government. Tolerance and wise government are characteristics of the most successful methods of rule.


The rise of persia

The Rise of Persia

  • Persia, a new power, arose east of Mesopotamia, in modern Iran. The area had good farmland.


Persia unites many lands

  • It was also rich in minerals. There were mines of copper, lead, gold, and silver.


Persia unites many lands

  • The Persians joined with other forces to help defeat the Assyrians. About 550 B.C., the Persians began their own conquests.


Persia unites many lands

  • Their king was Cyrus, and excellent general. His troops rode swift ponies and used short bows that could be fired quickly.


Persia unites many lands

  • Cyrus was a great warrior.Heled his army to conquer a huge empire. It stretched from the Indus Valley in India all the way through Mesopotamia to Turkey.


Persia unites many lands

  • The empire covered about 2,500 miles. Cyrus took all this land in just over 10 years.


Persia unites many lands

  • Cyrus won this vast land in part because of the wise way he treated the people there.


Persia unites many lands

  • Cyrus did not follow the examples of the Assyrians. The Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.


Persia unites many lands

Cyrus, however, made sure that his army did not harm the people he conquered. Heallowed the people to practice their old religions, too.


Persia unites many lands

Cyruslet the Hebrews return to Jerusalem and rebuild their temple there.


Persian rule and religion

Persian Rule and Religion

Cyrus died in 530 B.C. The kings who followed him had to decide how to run the vast new empire.


Persia unites many lands

  • His son, Cambyses II, conquered Egypt in 525 B.C.


Persia unites many lands

  • The Battle of Pelusiumin525 B.C.E., was the first major battle between the Persian (Achaemenid) Empire, and Egypt. The Persians won decisively and Cambyses II was able to take the throne of Egypt.


Persia unites many lands

  • The Egyptians were unwilling to strike the Persians during the battle, because the Persians were carrying shields with the image of Bastet on it. They also threw cats at the Egyptians.


Persia unites many lands

529–522 BC

  • Cambyses executed the Egyptian Pharaoh after he tried to lead a rebellion against him.


Persia unites many lands

As the Pharaoh over Egypt, Cambyses decided to lessen the taxes that the people had to pay to the priests. He told them that they would no longer have to give as much of their livestock for sacrifices.


Persia unites many lands

Hedid not respect the Egyptian priests or their practices.


Persia unites many lands

  • Cambyses killed the Apis bull. This was a manifestation of the god Ptah and therefore a sacred animal.


Persia unites many lands

Cambyses could be very cruel to those who he felt were corrupt. When he found out that a judge, Sisamnes, had accepted a bribe, he decided to make an example out of him.


Persia unites many lands

Judgment of Cambyses

Cambyses would have the judge arrested and punished. The punishment was far from ordinary.


Persia unites many lands

  • “King Cambyses slit his throat and flayed off all his skin, and he strung the chair on which Sisamnes had used to sit to deliver his verdicts with these thongs.”

  • From: Herodotus, The Histories V.25 (translation by Robert Waterfield (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), 312).


Persia unites many lands

To replace Judge Sisamnes whom he had killed and flayed, Cambyses appointed Sisamnes’s son, Otanes, as the new judge.

From: http://www.harris-greenwell.com/HGS/FlayingFalseJustice#fn1_1


Persia unites many lands

  • Cambyses would continue to have trouble with the Egyptian priests. He decided to send 50,000 soldiers from Thebes to attack the Oasis of Siwa and destroy the oracle at the Temple of Amun.


Persia unites many lands

At some point during their march, the mighty Persian army was said to have been overcome by a sandstorm in the Egyptian desert.


Persia unites many lands

  • The next king, Darius, proved as able as Cyrus, Darius put down several revolts.

  • He won more land for the empire and created a government for the empire.


Persia unites many lands

Only Greece escaped Persian control.


Persia unites many lands

Darius divided the land into 20 provinces, each holding a certain group to practice its own religion, speak its own language, and obey many of its own laws.


Persia unites many lands

  • He also putroyal governors– (satraps) – in place to make sure that the people obeyed his laws.

  • The king had inspectors check on the satraps, they were called eyes and ears.


Persia unites many lands

  • Darius built theRoyal Road to unite his large empire.

  • This excellent road system ran 1,677 miles.


Persia unites many lands

  • Royal messengers on horses could travel this distance in about seven days. The Royal Road made communication better within the empire. Transportation became easier too.


Persia unites many lands

  • Dariusalso hadmetal coinsmade that could be used for business anywhere in the empire. He copied this idea from the Lydians that lived in Turkey (Anatolia).The coins had a standard value.


Persia unites many lands

  • This money system, along with the Royal Road, helped increase trade.


Persia unites many lands

  • During the PersianEmpire, a new religion arose in Southwest Asia.

  • AprophetnamedZoroastersaid there were two powerful gods.


Persia unites many lands

  • One stood for truth (Ahura Mazda) and light. The other represented evil (Ariman) and darkness. Paradise awaited those who followed truth and light, and punishment for those who chose darkness. This was determined by a day of Judgement. Zoroaster wrote down these ideas in a book called the Avesta.


Persia unites many lands

  • The two gods were in a constant struggle. People needed to choose truth and light to enter paradise.


The story of zoroaster

The Story of Zoroaster


Persia unites many lands

He was placed by god in a Hamoa plant.


Persia unites many lands

He Laughed instead of crying at birth.


Persia unites many lands

He glowed so bright that the people became frightened of him and wanted to destroy him.


Persia unites many lands

They tried to burn him to death


Persia unites many lands

They tried to let animals stamped upon him


Persia unites many lands

They left him in the woods, where a mother wolf found and raised him.


Persia unites many lands

Then Angels took him up to heaven


Persia unites many lands

They taught him about the past, present, and future


Persia unites many lands

  • The Persians left their mark in history. The Persians showed respect for other cultures.


Persia unites many lands

  • Their government brought order to Southwest Asia.


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