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Bellringer February 25, 2013. Describe what it is like to live in a city. Grab your book. . Essential Question. 2. What social, political, and environmental problems did Americans face at the turn of the 20 th century? . Vocabulary. Tenement Urbanization Ghetto Political Bosses.

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Bellringer February 25, 2013

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Bellringer february 25 2013

BellringerFebruary 25, 2013

Describe what it is like to live in a city.

Grab your book.

Essential question

Essential Question

2. What social, political, and environmental problems did Americans face at the turn of the 20th century?



  • Tenement

  • Urbanization

  • Ghetto

  • Political Bosses

Notes growth of cities

Notes:Growth of Cities

Growth of cities

Growth of Cities

City life

City Life

  • 2/3 immigrants settled in urban areas

    • NYC, Boston, Chicago, Philadelphia

  • 1920: 75% of foreign-born US residents lived in cities

  • Most cities weren’t equipped to handle massive populations

    • Streets were often flooded with waste b/c of poor sewage systems

  • Lived in ghettos

    • Section of a city inhabited primarily by people of the same race, religion, or social background, often because of discrimination.

    • Provided a sense of community/security

    • Familiar customs, foods, languages, etc.

Bellringer february 25 2013

“5 cents a Spot”

Urban living conditions

Urban Living Conditions

  • Tenement Building

    • Run-down, low rent apartments in the poorest parts of the city

    • Designed to hold as many families as possible

  • Slums

    • Poverty, neglect & overcrowding caused neighborhoods to decline

    • Soot from coal-fired steam engines/boilers made the air seem dark and dirty during the day

    • Open sewers attracted rats and other disease spreading animals

Tenement buildings

Tenement Buildings

Dangers of the city

Dangers of the City

  • Fires

    • Fires were a constant danger

    • Since tenement buildings were crammed together, a small fire could spread to several buildings

    • Created rapid/large fires

  • Disease

    • Contagious diseases spread quickly

    • Spread especially in summer

      • Building were hot like ovens

      • Bacteria thrived and spread

Gangs of new york

Gangs of New York

  • Five Points

    • Notorious slum in Manhattan centered on the intersections of Mulberry, Anthony (now Worth St.), Cross (now Mott), Orange (now Baxter), and Little Water Street (no longer exists)

    • Today, the Five Points would be located about halfway between Chinatown and the Financial District.

    • The name Five Points derived from the five corners at this intersection

  • Five Points was dominated by rival gangs like the

    • Roach Guards (Irish, Rivals with the Bowery Boys)

    • Dead Rabbits (Former Roach Guards, now rivals with RG and BB)

    • Bowery Boys (Anti-Catholic, Anti-Irish, Rivals with the Roach Guards)

Bellringer february 25 2013

Dead Rabbits vs. Bowery Boys

America the story of us cities

America: The Story of Us“Cities”

Bellringer march 4 2014

BellringerMarch 4, 2014

What is one problem created by living in a city?

Grab a book.



  • Muckraker:a journalist who wrote about social, environmental, and political problems Americans faced in the early 1900s

Reading notes 16 muckraking notepad

Reading Notes 16Muckraking Notepad

Conduct your field investigation

Conduct Your Field Investigation

  • Topic: Title

  • In this space, describe the problem using vivid and shocking language that will stir your reader into action. Write at least two sentences about the photograph. Also choose one sentence from the quotation to excerpt.

  • Read the corresponding section of Lesson 16. Then, in this space, record at least four important pieces of information about the problem.

Topics by field site

Topics by Field Site

  • Field Site #1

    • Slum Life

    • The Workplace

    • Unsafe Products

  • Field Site #2

    • The Landscape

    • Natural Resources

    • Pollution

  • Field Site #3

    • Political Machines & Bosses

    • Local & State Politics

    • National Politics

  • Field Site #4

    • Social Class

    • African Americans

    • Families

    • Women

Now that you ve collected evidence from the field

Now that you’ve collected evidence from the field…

Choose a writing partner

Writing an investigative newspaper report

Writing an Investigative Newspaper Report

As a muckraker, you uncovered alarming information about problems in American society at the turn of the century. You will now expose what you learned to the American public by writing a newspaper report that will stir your readers to action.

  • Your article MUST include these elements:

    • An appropriate and appealing title. (5 points)

    • A byline with you and your partner’s name and an appropriate date from the time period. (5 points)

    • An introduction with a brief explanation of muckraking and an overview of what you plan to expose in your article. (10 points)

    • Two paragraphs describing each of the problems you uncovered at two of the field sites.

      • Use vivid and shocking language. (20 points)

      • Each paragraph should have at least two sentences, including at least three pieces of information from your Reading Notes (Muckraking Notepad).

    • A conclusion summarizing the reasons your readers should take action to address the problems you uncovered. (10 points)

    • A “photograph” from your investigation with a brief caption. (10 points)

      • This can be a drawing you make or a copy of a photograph from a book or the Internet. It should depict something you wrote about in the article.

    • Any other clever and creative touches that will make your article more realistic.



Discussion questions

Discussion Questions

  • What might be some reasons why developments in Ukraine are important to the U.S. and Russia?

  • What do you know about socialism? What makes this form of government controversial?

  • How would you characterize today's report about poaching in the Republic of Congo?

Bellringer february 25 2013


  • Due Monday, March 10th:

    • Muckraking Newspaper

    • Unit II Packet

    • Unit II Review Sheet

    • Unit II Test Monday, March 10th

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