Antarctica . Continent. Where is Antarctica?. Antarctica is the fifth largest of the seven continents but it is not an island . It covers the South Pole, most of it is south of the Antarctic Circle at latitude 66° 30' south.
Where is Antarctica?
Antarctica is the fifth largest of the seven continents but it is not an island. It covers the South Pole, most of it is south of the Antarctic Circle at latitude 66° 30' south.
The nearest other land is South America which is 1000 km away, Australia 2500 km away and 4000 km away.It is more than 14,000,000 km2and is about 1.5 times the area of Europe.
Antarctica is a desert. It is the coldest, driest, windiest and highest (on average) continent on earth.
There is an ice sheet that averages 1 mile in thickness, but the dryness is based on an annual rain fall of only 8 inches. The ice contains water, but of course it is frozen and the air itself is extremely dry. Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia . About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that is about 1.6km in thickness.
Life in Antarctica
Antarctica has no native population or permanent residents.
It was truly the first and only continent that was "discovered" in that there weren't any people already living there.
Antarctica was not seen before 1820.
Early explorers and then later on, whalers and sealers were the first people to see Antarctica.
As the 20th century progressed various countries set up permanently manned scientific bases. A mixture of scientists and specialist support staff would spend from a few months to a couple of years before handing over to the next party arriving. This still happens today. There are more bases being opened, some closed down and some literally drifting away as the part of the ice shelf that they were built on, broke off and became an iceberg.
So the answer to the question "Who lives there" is "no-one".
ANTARTIC ECO SYSTEM
Antarctic animals all make their living in the ocean, because the land is too cold, dry, and dark for plants and animals. Antarctica's coastal seas are especially important because they shelter an abundant ecosystem, supporting large predators such as penguins, seals and whales.
Because of the earth's tilt and orbit around the sun, the poles receive less energy and heat from the sun. This results in only two polar two seasons—summer and winter. In summer at the poles, the sun does not set, and in winter the sun does not rise.
in the ocean around Antarctica during the southern hemisphere summer season. The days will be very long, with the sun below the horizon for only a few hours a day, and the sky will not become completely dark at night.
Ice forms in winter over much of the sea around Antarctica, and rapidly retreats in the spring when the ice melts. Summer is a season of long days and slightly warmer temperatures whenphytoplankton can grow rapidly and produce food for the entire ecosystem. High winds blowing from the continent mix the seawater, bringing high levels of nutrients necessary for phytoplankton growth near the sea surface, where there is sunlight.