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Update on ADA Issues. Brooke Struve, PE Design Program Manager Federal Highway Administration AASHTO Subcommittee on Design Annual Meeting—July 13-17, 2008. ADA Legal Context. Rehabilitation Act Applies to programs and activities receiving Federal financial assistance

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Update on ada issues

Update on ADA Issues

Brooke Struve, PE

Design Program Manager

Federal Highway Administration

AASHTO Subcommittee on Design

Annual Meeting—July 13-17, 2008


Ada legal context
ADA Legal Context

  • Rehabilitation Act

    • Applies to programs and activities receiving Federal financial assistance

  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    • Applies to services, programs, and activities of a public entity


Requirements for accessibility
Requirements for Accessibility

  • Department of Transportation Regulation

    • 49 CFR 37

    • ADAAG as incorporated in 36 CFR 1191

      • Modifications:

        • Route location

        • Detectable warnings

        • Bus loading areas


Requirements for accessibility1
Requirements for Accessibility

  • Department of Justice Regulation

    • 28 CFR 35 & 36

    • ADAAG as incorporated into 28 CFR 36

  • Alternate standard – UFAS

  • DOJ rulemaking (comments due 8-18-08)


Ada guidance
ADA Guidance

  • FHWA memoranda

    • http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/civilrights/ada_memo_clarificationi.htm

    • http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/civilrights/ada_memo_clarificationa.htm

  • FHWA Q & A – links to other resources

    • http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/civilrights/ada_qa.htm

  • DOJ Title II Technical Assistance Manual

    • http://www.ada.gov/taman2.html

    • http://www.ada.gov/taman2up.html


Design standards
Design Standards

  • ADAAG or UFAS

    • FHWA recommends ADAAG

    • Limited information for public rights-of-way

    • Develop agency standards

    • Reasonable and consistent


Ada design resources
ADA Design Resources

  • Draft Guidelines for Accessible Public Rights-of-Way (PROWAG) www.access-board.gov/rowdraft.htm

  • Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access: Parts I and II http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/sidewalks/http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/sidewalk2/


Ada design resources1
ADA Design Resources

  • Special Report: Accessible Public Rights-of-Way Planning and Design for Alterations http://www.access-board.gov/PROWAC/alterations/guide.htm


Ada design resources2
ADA Design Resources

  • Guidelines for Accessible Pedestrian Signals: Final Report

  • Accessible Pedestrian Signals: A Guide to Best Practice

    http://www.trb.org


Program accessibility
Program Accessibility

  • Transition Plan

    • Inventory of existing facilities limiting access

    • Describe methods to make facilities accessible

    • Specify schedule to implement

    • Identify responsible official

    • Public participation in self-evaluation

    • Public inspection of self-evaluation and plan


Project accessibility
Project Accessibility

  • New construction and Alterations

  • Maintenance

  • Technically infeasible/ structurally impractical

  • Safety

  • Cost

  • Construction tolerances


Accessibility in work zones
Accessibility in Work Zones

  • MUTCD 6D.02

    Standard:When existing pedestrian facilities are disrupted, closed, or relocated in a TTC zone, the temporary facilities shall be detectable and include accessibility features consistent with the features present in the existing pedestrian facility.


Accessibility in work zones1

Continuous, unobstructed route

Conflicts with traffic

Conflicts with construction

Accessibility in Work Zones


Accessibility in work zones2
Accessibility in Work Zones

  • Communicate alternate route to visually impaired


Accessibility in work zones3

Continuous delineation

Cones, rope, and tape not acceptable

Accessibility in Work Zones



Accessibility in work zones5

Curb ramps

Accessibility in Work Zones


Ada questions
ADA Questions

  • Policy

    • Bob Cosgrove, Office of Civil Rights

    • Candace Groudine, Office of Civil Rights

  • Legal

    • Lisa MacPhee, Office of Chief Counsel

  • Design

    • Brooke Struve, Office of Program Administration


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