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Ethics in Personnel Psychology. How do we define professional ethics?. “Professional ethics are simply codified rules about acceptable and unacceptable behavior within a professional context” (Lowman, 1991, p. 197). . Sources of Ethical Guidelines in Personnel Psychology (1). Societal Level

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how do we define professional ethics
How do we define professional ethics?
  • “Professional ethics are simply codified rules about acceptable and unacceptable behavior within a professional context” (Lowman, 1991, p. 197).
sources of ethical guidelines in personnel psychology 1
Sources of Ethical Guidelines in Personnel Psychology (1)
  • Societal Level
    • Everyday morality
    • Law
  • Organizational Level
    • Organizational policies
    • Contractual obligations
    • Organizational norms and values
sources of ethical guidelines in personnel psychology 2
Sources of Ethical Guidelines in Personnel Psychology (2)
  • Professional level
    • Scientific ethics
      • Norms of science (empiricism, transparency, independent replication)
      • Relevant documents (APA/AERA Standards for Educational and Psychological Tests)
sources of ethical guidelines in personnel psychology 3
Sources of Ethical Guidelines in Personnel Psychology (3)
  • Professional ethics
    • Codes of professional conduct (Specialty guidelines for the delivery of services by I/O psychologists, Ethical principles of psychologists; other relevant professional association codes of ethics [SHRM])
      • Issues include: obligations to client and employees, technical competence, accurate representation of qualifications and products, professional relationships
sources of ethical guidelines in personnel psychology 4
Sources of Ethical Guidelines in Personnel Psychology (4)
  • Personal ethics
    • Personal and religious morals
      • (would you work for a tobacco or pornography company?)
    • Obligations to employer, self, and family
ethical dilemmas and sources of ethical transgressions
Ethical dilemmas and sources of ethical transgressions
  • Conflicts among sources of ethical guidelines
    • scientific ethics and practitioner ethics
    • laws and professional and scientific ethics
    • organizational policies and: scientific and professional ethics, personal ethics
ethical dilemmas and sources of ethical transgressions 2
Ethical dilemmas and sources of ethical transgressions (2)
  • Causes of ethical conflicts
    • conflicts in goals, roles, values
examples of ethical conflicts
Examples of Ethical Conflicts
  • Should a physician report an illegal immigrant to the INS (as Prop. 187 requires) or follow professional code to do what is in the patient’s best interests?
  • Should an I/O psychologist give manager’s the names of employees who indicate pro-union attitudes on an employee survey?
resolving ethical conflicts
Resolving Ethical Conflicts
  • Address possible sources of conflict before proceeding with a project
  • Deal with conflict right after it happens; do not let it linger
  • Surface and discuss issues
questions to consider 1
Questions to Consider (1)
  • Can ethical conflicts be prevented?
  • How should conflicts of interest be dealt with?
  • What do you do if a conflict cannot be resolved
  • What do you do if you think that someone is behaving unethically?
questions to consider 2
Questions to Consider (2)
  • What are possible business and financial consequences of ethical transgressions?
    • Damage to reputation
    • Loss of confidence
    • Loss of business
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