Guidelines to measure emigration through immigration data
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Guidelines to measure emigration through immigration data. Margaret Michalowski Joint UNECE/Eurostat Work Session on Migration Statistics organized in collaboration with UNFPA Nov. 20-22, 2006, Edinburgh, Scotland . Outline. Why guidelines Typology and uses of emigration data Data gaps

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Guidelines to measure emigration through immigration data

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Guidelines to measure emigration through immigration data

Guidelines to measure emigration through immigration data

Margaret Michalowski

Joint UNECE/Eurostat Work Session on Migration Statistics organized in collaboration with UNFPA

Nov. 20-22, 2006, Edinburgh, Scotland


Outline

Outline

  • Why guidelines

  • Typology and uses of emigration data

  • Data gaps

  • Improving emigration data availability within the existing national data systems

  • Longer-term proposals


Why guidelines

Why guidelines

  • Increasingly, countries are simultaneously origin, transit and destination for migrants

  • Asymmetry between availability of data on immigration and emigration

    • Arrivals’ monitoring receives more attention

    • Difficulties with recording departures


Guidelines objective

Guidelines objective

To propose activities, which would lead to increased availability of emigration data

The proposal is based on the empirical analysis of immigration and emigration data from 19 ECE countries


Typology of emigration flows simplified

Typology of emigration flows(simplified)

  • Native-born vs. foreign-born

  • Nationals vs. non-nationals

    (including naturalized foreigners)

  • Long-term departures vs. short-term departures

  • Permanent residents vs. temporary residents

  • Economic vs. family reunification vs. humanitarian

    (departures of immigrants by their admission category)

  • Legal vs. illegal


The most important uses of emigration data

The most important uses of emigration data

  • Population estimates/national demographic accounts

  • Development and evaluation of immigrant policy

  • Integration of immigrants into the receiving society

  • Information on expatriates (nationals residing abroad)

  • Assessment of economic losses due to emigration

  • Temporary emigration


Ideal emigration statistics

“Ideal” emigration statistics

  • Comprehensive

    all groups of immigrants (natives and foreigners)

    all types of migrations (long-term/short-term, legal/illegal)

  • Timely

    available on annual basis

  • Provide information on emigrant’s characteristics


Improving availability of emigration data within existing national data systems

Improving availability of emigration data within existing national data systems

  • Tabulate existing immigration statistics using standardized tables

  • Make standardized tables easily accessible internationally


Tabulation of immigration statistics

Tabulation of immigration statistics

  • To be based on a data source, which provides the best coverage for all groups of arrivals into the country

    alternatively

  • To be based on a several complimentary data sources so together they provide the best possible coverage for all arrivals


Preparation of the standardized tables

Preparation of the standardized tables

Step 1

  • Annually, tabulate data on all arrivals using a concept of residence 1 year before

    If not available

    Step 2

  • Annually, tabulate data on all arrivals

    based on country of previous residence

    If not available , basedon country of citizenship

    If not available, based on country of birth


Preparation of the standardized tables cont

Preparation of the standardized tables (cont.)

Step 3

  • Tabulate stock data for the country’ population by:

    country of birth and citizenship

    and

    country of birth and country of birth of parents

    Step 4

  • For each table, provide a detailed description of data source used


Example of the template table produced by canada for france

Example of the template(table produced by Canada for France)

Table 1. Population of Canada by sex, place of birth and place of residence 1 year before data collection


Dissemination of standardized tables

Dissemination of standardized tables

  • Expand existing data collections by international organizations for the proposed templates

    examples: EU MS and UNECE Joint questionnaire, ILO

  • Create a new database, which will include national standardized tables produced on annual basis

    examples of good practise: OECD database on high-skilled, the THESIM project


Improving availability of emigration data a longer term perspective

Improving availability of emigration data – a longer-term perspective

  • Continuous efforts toward a harmonized system of international statistics

    Wide implementation of the 2010 census

    Inter-institutional cooperation

  • Extensive use of national household surveys as a vehicle for a collection of data on migrants and their characteristics

    Development of a “standard migration module”

  • World Migration Survey?


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