Drilling process safety
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Drilling Process Safety. Michael Davis, B.S. Petroleum Engineering 25 years working mainly as a Drilling Engineer Main experience: HTHP drilling Deepwater drilling Subsequently trained in: Communication Team Building Team Work Team Psychology Cognitive Function and Dysfunction.

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Drilling Process Safety

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Drilling process safety

Drilling Process Safety

Michael Davis, B.S. Petroleum Engineering

  • 25 years working mainly as a Drilling Engineer

    • Main experience:

      • HTHP drilling

      • Deepwater drilling

    • Subsequently trained in:

      • Communication

      • Team Building

      • Team Work

      • Team Psychology

      • Cognitive Function and Dysfunction


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Drilling Process Safety

  • Scholarship includes:

    • SEMS and API 754

    • 30 CFR 250

    • O&G related API RPs

    • Macondo studies

    • Dr. Bea’s reports

    • Professor Hopkin’s reports

    • New Orleans trial reports

    • CSB reports


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Drilling Process Safety

What is it?


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Drilling Process Safety

Its more than just communication.

Its more than watching each other’s backs.

Its more than attention to details.


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Drilling Process Safety

  • Differs from Personal Safety

    • in dynamic environments, events are not determined by anyone yet by everyone.

      How anyone knows how everyone is doing?

      BROADCASTDOWNCAST


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Drilling Process Safety

  • BROADcast and The Adaptive Loop

    • Instead of a linear planning, we make decisions using a feedback loop in a linear progression.

      • The loop starts with determining what our situation is.

      • As we take actions, we have to determine the effect of those actions before making our next move.

      • The goal of each cycle is to improve our position, but we do not know the direction in which we will move until we see what the situation offers.

        • In simple operations we can make this assessment on our own and yet in dynamic environments, events are not determined by anyone but by everyone.

          • Hence the need for BROADcast


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Drilling Process Safety

  • BROADcasting supports better risk based decision making and mitigates past two major reforms’ shortcomings!

    • Mandatory Well Control Training!

    • Unintended Consequence?

      • Replacement Company Men

    • Mandatory Negative Pressure Testing!

    • Unintended Consequence?

      • Inducing kicks that cannot be killed

        Segue= Focus on Accountability


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Drilling Process Safety

Justice

Process Safety must focus on the process that enabled the person to cause or allow the accident to happen.

Having a just culture means that you’re making effort to balance safety and accountability.


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Drilling Process Safety

  • Blameless Postmortems

  • It means that by investigating mistakes in a way that focuses on the situational aspects of a failure’s mechanism and the decision-making process and even before in the design process of individuals proximate to the failure.


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Drilling Process Safety

Deepwater Drilling is Trending

  • Traditional Deepwater work

    • Teamwork (people/soft) skills

    • Mainly drilling oil zones

      • Oil is much less dangerous than gas in drilling

      • Gas drilling requires a different skillset than oil drilling


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Drilling Process Safety

Deepwater Drilling is Trending, continued…

  • Misnomer that DWD has been HTHP

  • Deepwater Drilling Engineers need retooling

    • HTHP engineers refined for teamwork skillsets

    • Deepwater engineers refined for HTHP skillsets

    • Both must be refocused on dynamic risk level and communication and behavioral discipline


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Drilling Process Safety

Deepwater Drilling is Trending, continued…

  • Deeper Water Depths & Total Depth of well

  • BOPE pressures => bubble pts & “Flashing” gas

  • TDs thus more dry gas zones & GORs

  • “Flashing” gas => Top of BOPE = gas in risers


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Drilling Process Safety

Deepwater Drilling is Trending, continued…

In HRO terms this means there is a trend of increasing complexity & tighter coupling

Future HSE rigor should not be based on previous standards yet a new standard based on Trendingdangers.


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Drilling Process Safety

  • Q & A

  • Thank you!

  • Drilling Process Safety 101

  • Drilling Process Safety Vision

  • Key Issues in Deepwater

  • Shell Process Safety Presentation to BSEE

  • Drilling Process Safety - Communication

  • Drilling Process Safety Vision of Progress

  • Drilling Process Safety Risk Escalators

  • PTTEP AA's "Line of Sight" System is Similar to BROAD


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