Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific
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Use of Tools for Sustainable Development Planning in Asia-Pacific. – An Assessment based on India case study. George C Varughese President, Development Alternatives. “Tools” short form for a range of approaches, methods tools and techniques. Presentation Outline.

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Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific

Use of Tools for Sustainable Development Planningin Asia-Pacific

– An Assessment based on India case study

George C Varughese

President, Development Alternatives


Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific

“Tools”

short form for

a range of

approaches, methods

tools and techniques


Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific

Presentation Outline

  • Actors, Drivers and Tasks

    • in Sustainable Development Planning

  • User Perspectives

    • on Sustainable Development Planning Tools

  • Key Challenges

    • in Sustainable Development Planning


Key actors

Key Actors

Environmental policy - regulations and enforcements

Economic Policies & Public Investments

Ministry of Environment and Forests

State Departments of Environment & Forests

Central Pollution Control Board

State Pollution Control Boards

Judiciary

Planning Commission

Sectoral Ministries

State Sectoral Departments

Municipal Authorities

Local Governments

Environmental Management

Business community

Civil Society

Financial Institutions

Investors

Associations

Entrepreneurs

Communities

NGOs

Academia

Source: India Country Environment Analysis, World Bank 2007


Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific

Key Drivers

for SD Planning

  • National legislation and regulations

  • Values of progressive organisations

  • Increasing stakeholder awareness and demands

  • Visible ‘real’ issues

    • Poverty and rising inequality

    • Increasing frequency of natural disasters (Climate Change?)

    • Inability to arrest continuing environmental degradation


Key tasks where tools are utilised

Key Taskswhere tools are utilised

  • Training and Capacity Building

  • Assessments and Information Generation

  • Public Awareness and Participation

  • Monitoring and Enforcement

  • Planning and Management


User perspectives

“User Perspectives”

Tools for Sustainable Development Planning


Categories of high recall tools

Categories of high recall Tools

  • Information Tools

    • Economic Assessment

    • Environmental Impact / Strategic Assessment

    • Spatial Assessment

    • Monitoring, Evaluation and Enforcement

  • Deliberative Tools

    • Participation and Citizens Action

    • Public Awareness and Demand Creation

  • Planning and Management Tools

    • Legal

    • Management Planning

    • Market based tools


Information tools

Information Tools

  • Economic Assessment

    • Social Cost Benefit Analysis

    • Natural Resource Accounting

  • Impact / Strategic Assessment

    • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

    • Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

    • Integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) / SoE Reporting

    • Integrated Impact Assessment

    • Life Cycle Assessment

  • Spatial Assessment

  • Monitoring, Evaluation and Enforcement

    • National Plan Monitoring / MDG Reporting

    • Corporate Environmental Audits / CSR Reporting

    • Community Based Monitoring


Information tools key observations

Information Toolskey observations

  • Diverse portfolio of tools available

    • Impact / Strategic Assessment tools most advanced

    • Lack of basic data, quality and timeliness – a major issue

  • Available Spatial Assessment tools and expertise not adequately used

  • Natural Resource Accounting – very nascent

  • Monitoring and Enforcement

    • Tools available

    • Personnel, infrastructure and facilities inadequate

    • Corruption – a menace


Deliberative tools

Deliberative Tools

  • Participation and Citizens Action

    • Bhagidari Scheme

    • Eco-clubs

    • Participatory Rural Appraisals (PRAs)

    • Public Hearings

  • Public Awareness and Demand Creation

    • Media (especially local media)

    • Public Online Databases

    • Right to Information Act (RTI)


Deliberative tools key observations

Deliberative Toolskey observations

  • Governments forced to promote citizen action programmes

  • Most creative and diverse category of tools

    • Evolved from advocacy groups

    • New tools emerging with blending of traditional media and use of ICT (cultural and context specific)

  • Right to Information combined with Public Interest Litigation – extremely potent tools Public Awareness and Advocacy


Planning and management tools

Planning and Management Tools

  • Management Planning

    • Environment Management Plans (EMPs)

  • Legal Recourse

    • Public Interest Litigation

  • Market based tools

    • Environment Management Systems (EMS)

    • Eco-labeling


Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific

Planning and Management Tools

key observations

  • Economic Planning still most prevalent at national, state, and district levels

    • Elements of environment and social concerns often included

    • Concepts of sustainable development gradually being internalised and integrated

  • Most major projects statutorily require an EIA and EMP

    • Mixed results on the ground (depending on political circumstances and capacity)

  • Excellent legal recourse

    • Initially only through PILs

    • Now strengthened through RTI

    • However, Supreme Court has recently expressed concern

  • Progressive Corporations adopting globally evolving voluntary practices


Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific

Key Challenges


Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific

Key Challenges

for SD Planning

  • Mobilising and re-orienting political will

    • Political vs. environmental timeframes

    • Environment and sustainable development – an internalised objective

    • Effective enforcement and strict action against violators

    • Co-ordination and accountability among government departments

  • Changes in government systems and procedures

    • Budget allocations for SD issues and timely fund-flows

    • SD expertise in all ministries and departments

    • Prioritise important sectors for SD planning

    • Provide fiscal and other incentives to performing departments, initiatives and personnel


Use of tools for sustainable development planning in asia pacific

Key Challenges

for SD Planning (continued ...)

  • Increasing public awareness and understanding

  • Enhancing capacity

    • Oriented and trained personnel

    • Systems and processes (including tools and techniques)

    • Infrastructure, facilities and equipment

  • Improved Tools

    • Focused research for strengthening tools

    • Flexibility in application of tools to address sector specific concerns


Thank you

Thank You


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