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Chapter 14 and16 Review. AP GOVERNMENT INTEREST GROUPS and CAMPAIGNS. Response Grid. TEST. A B C D. One of the roles of interest groups is to make government aware of problems and offer a possible solution, which is known as what?. Representation Participation Education

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Chapter 14 and16 Review

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Chapter 14 and16 Review



Response Grid


  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D

One of the roles of interest groups is to make government aware of problems and offer a possible solution, which is known as what?

  • Representation

  • Participation

  • Education

  • Agenda building

  • Program monitoring

Which of the following best describes gerrymandering?

  • The party in power wins four or five surrounding districts by very small margins

  • The Supreme Court requires that state legislators must adopt the doctrine of one vote, one person

  • The party in control of the state legislature draws district boundaries in such a way as to favor its own candidates in subsequent elections

  • By polling voters, party officials are able to determine how citizens will vote

  • The public decides which issues are most important and tells elected officials how to vote on specific bills

An interest group can attempt to lobby the judicial branch through filing

  • An amicus curiae brief

  • A writ of error Coram Nobis

  • A habeas corpus petition

  • A writ of certiorari

    e. A writ of mandamus

The theory that all interests are free to compete for influence in government, resulting in healthy democratic balance, is called

  • Elite power politics

  • Socialism

  • Pluralism

  • Rational choice

  • institutionalism

The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (McCain-Feingold) did which of the following?

  • It created interest groups known as 527s

  • It made it illegal for unions to donate to presidential campaigns

  • It banned soft money donations to national parties

  • It banned candidates from running negative advertisements

  • It banned third-parties from federal funding

The process known as front-loading refers to

  • Presidential candidates raising funds far in advance of the first presidential primary

  • A presidential candidate seeking endorsements before officially declaring candidacy

  • The tendency of states to choose an early date on the primary calendar

  • Political Action Committees contributing money to candidates at least one year before the first presidential primary or caucus

  • The winner-take-all principle of the electoral college

Participant Scores

The three points of an iron triangle include

  • An independent agency, a state, and a member of Congress

  • An administrative agency, an interest group, and a congressional committee

  • A cabinet department, an interest group, and the House majority leader

  • A regulatory commission, a corporation, and the White House Office

  • The Executive Office of the President, an interest group, and a Senate committee

The free rider problem occurs when

  • Interest groups seek public funding to advance their special interests

  • People benefit from an interest group’s efforts without making any contribution

  • Elected officials provide government services for those who have helped their campaign

  • Political campaigns manipulate the news media in order to obtain free media

  • Congressional candidates win elections because they belong to the party of a popular president

When contributing to congressional campaigns, political action committees are most likely to contribute to

  • Incumbents of both major parties

  • Third-party challengers

  • Republican challengers

  • State party organizations

  • National party organizations

Participant Scores

What percentage of your current points would you like to wager on the next question?

  • 0%

  • 25%

  • 50%

  • 75%

  • 100%

Which of the following is true of Political Action Committees (PACs)?

  • They make campaign contributions in hope of gaining access to legislators

  • They are a part of political party organizations

  • They are allowed to contribute to only one candidate in any election

  • They nominate candidates for president at national party conventions

  • They operate at the state level but not at the national level

In response to the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (McCain-Feingold), the United States Supreme Court, in Citizens United v. FEC, ruled that

  • Limits cannot be placed upon candidates’ contributions to their own campaigns

  • Independent campaign expenditures by corporations and unions are protected by the First Amendment

  • Limits on issue advertisements 90 days before an election are unconstitutional

  • Limits on campaign contributions by minors are constitutional under the First Amendment

  • Requiring endorsement statements in campaign advertisements is unconstitutional

Fastest Responders (in seconds)

One of the best strategies that interest groups can use to achieve their goals is

  • Pressing for changes in high-profile public policies

  • Lobbying members of Congress to make small changes in existing policy

  • Using the judiciary to invalidate federal legislation

  • Encouraging states to use their Tenth Amendment rights and ignore federal law

  • Running candidates for office

Typically, presidential candidates implement their campaign strategies by

  • Applying their resources evenly among the states, because they must win popular votes in a majority of the states to be elected

  • Focusing on larger, competitive states because they might tip the balance of the electoral college

  • Focusing on small states, because these states have proportionally more electoral votes than more populous states

  • Ignoring the electoral college, because the popular vote determines the outcome of the election

  • Ignoring the electoral college, because more states are moving away from the winner-take-all process

Participant Scores

What percentage of your current points would you like to wager on the next question?

  • 0%

  • 25%

  • 50%

  • 75%

  • 100%

Interest groups use Political Action Committees (PACs) to

  • Provide expertise to members of Congress to when they are writing legislation

  • Lobby the executive bureaucracy when they are considering new rules and regulation

  • Raise and spend money on election campaigns

  • Generate research that can be used to influence public opinion

  • Hire policy experts who will promote their views in the media

Interest groups are protected under the Constitution by the

  • Provisions of Article I Section 8

  • First Amendment

  • Ninth Amendment

  • Tenth Amendment

  • Fourteenth Amendment

The head of a political campaign is usually called the

  • Campaign consultant

  • Political manager

  • Campaign manager

  • Political strategist

  • Political party leader

Political action committees representing which of the following groups have increased in number most substantially since the mid 1970s?

  • Labor

  • Business

  • Health-care professionals

  • Veterans’ groups

  • Civil rights advocates

In The Federalist No. 10, James Madison argued that factions in a republic are

  • A more serious threat if the republic is large

  • Natural but controllable by institutions

  • Not likely to occur if people are honest

  • Prevented by majority rule

  • Prevented by free elections

Lobbyists try to influence legislators mainly through

  • “wining and dining” legislators

  • Orchestrating petition drives and letter-writing campaigns

  • Placing persuasive advertisements in the media

  • Threatening to help the legislator’s opponent in the next election

  • Providing legislators with information on technical issues

If you got that question wrong, don’t feel bad

  • Question from the 2002 AP Test

  • Only 41% of all AP students in the United States got that question correct

  • Only 44% of the students receiving a 3 on the AP test answered that question correctly

Which of the following is true of amicus curiae briefs?

  • They are used by interest groups to lobby courts

  • They are used exclusively by liberal interest groups

  • They are used exclusively by conservative interest groups

  • They are now unconstitutional

  • They are the means by which a litigant seeks Supreme Court review of a lower court decision

Interest groups engage in all of the following EXCEPT

  • Testifying before congressional committees

  • Sponsoring issue advocacy ads

  • Lobbying federal agencies

  • Filing federal lawsuits

  • Using the franking privilege

Participant Scores

What percentage of your current points would you like to wager on the next question?

  • 0%

  • 25%

  • 50%

  • 75%

  • 100%

Which of the following is NOT a way in which the federal government regulate campaigns?

  • By requirements for disclosure of campaign donations

  • By establishment of federal agencies to regulate campaign finance activities

  • By limits on the distribution of soft money

  • By limits on individual donations to campaigns

  • By prohibitions on negative advertising

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