Wellness Tourism: The effects of the Globalization of the Healthcare Industry William Lane Gokul Mundhra F. J. DeMicco University of Delaware. Why the need?.
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Wellness Tourism:The effects of the Globalization of the Healthcare IndustryWilliam LaneGokul MundhraF. J. DeMiccoUniversity of Delaware
Going abroad for surgery is not just the only reason to go abroad. Many now combine it with a trip to the Taj Mahal, a photo safari on the African wild, or a stay at a hospital that feels like a luxury hotel, and all at bargain basement prices. This is medical tourism, and its one the hottest niche markets in the hospitality industry.
In some regions, state-of-the-art treatments and facilities are hard to come by, if they exist at all. For that reason, patients throughout the Middle East are traveling to places such as Jordan or Asia for complicated surgeries.
In countries with public health care systems, the system can get so overburdened it can take years to get proper needed care. Hence many people in Britain and Canada are seeking help from other countries such as India and Thailand for their healthcare, where you can be in the operating room in Bangkok or Bangalore the morning after you step off the plane.
Heart-Valve replacement in the US $200,000 or more, in India, $10,000 including round trip airfare and a brief vacation.
Metal free dental bridge in the US $5,500, in India, $500.
Thailand, knee replacement surgery with six days of physical therapy, $5,000, one-fifth the price it would cost in the US.
Lasik eye surgery in the US, $3,700, in Thailand, $730.
Full facelift in the US, close to $20,000 or more, in South Africa, about $1,250.
For many though, it is simply the low price that is the real attraction. The cost of surgery in India, Thailand, or South Africa can be one-tenth the price of a counterpart in the US or Western Europe.
Bangkok’s Bumrungrad Hospital
The hospitals and clinics that cater to the tourist are often the best in the world.
Many are staffed by doctors trained at the major medical centers in American and Europe.
Bangkok’s Bumrundgrad hospital has over 200 surgeons who are board-certified in the US.
One of Singapore’s major hospitals is a branch of the prestigious John Hopkins University.
Escorts Heart Institute and Research Center, in Delhi and Faridabad, carries out nearly 15,000 heart operations each year with a death rate of only 0.8 percent, less than half of most major hospitals in the US.
Thailand started its medical tourism in 1997, during the economic crash that hammered much of Asia sent canny healthcare providers looking for new markets. Today it is the largest and best-established destination for foreign patients, particularly from Japan and the US. Some 1.2 million Japanese visited Thailand in 2004.
Bangkok and Phuket – No fewer than six medical facilities in Bangkok have hospital accreditation from the US. Bumrungrad Hospital alone sees 850,000 patients per year, 40 percent of them from abroad.
They attract people for cosmetic surgery, dental treatments, eye surgery, dialysis, and organ transplants.
For vacation possibilities, Phuket is clearly the choice though. With some of the most spectacular shorefront scenery on the planet. The mess left by last December’s tsunami has already been cleared away and the beaches are cleaner than at any time in a decade.
The other draw to Phuket? Bangkok Phuket Hospital is probably the best place in the world to go for sex-change surgery. In fact, it is one one of the top ten procedures that patients visit Thailand for.
India is a relative newcomer to the medical tourism arena, but is quickly catching up. Just two years ago, McKinsey predicted that the number of foreign patients seeking care in India would grow by 15 percent. Most estimates put the growth at 30 percent already.
It helps a lot that English is one of the many native languages in India, and the one spoken by all educated Indians. Also cost of care and low cost for follow-up trips are a boost.
India also has top notch centers for open heart surgery, pediatric heart surgery, hip and knee replacement, cosmetic surgery, dentistry, bone marrow transplants, cancer therapy, and just about any other specialty that a patient could need.
Many of these center are among the best in the world. Virtually all equipped with the latest state of the art medical and diagnostic equipment, and India has the technological sophistication to maintain it.
Also, Indian pharmaceuticals meet the stringent requirements of the US FDA, while its quality of care is also up to American standards.
India also offers many services not available in the US, such as “hip resurfacing”. Instead of a total hip replacement, in which damaged bone is scraped away and replaced by a chrome alloy. The operation is well tested and highly successful, but has not yet been approved for use in the US.
Not only surgery attracts patients, but the chances for a vacation. From a tour of the Taj Mahal to a half-day safari in the White Tiger-Bandhavgarh Nation Park, shopping for handicrafts in the tribal villiages of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh, or even skin-diving in the Indian ocean.
Not only offering surgeries at one-third the cost of similar treatments in the US, Costa Rica is also in the ‘backyard’ for many Americans. Cosmetic surgery and dental work are their specialties.
Add in its ecological wonders such as some of the largest, best protected Rain Forests in the Central America, to the fire show of the Arenal Volcano. For more urban tastes, there is always the casinos of San Jose, Puntarenas, and Guanacaste.
South Africa is where you want to go for sun, surf, and surgery, all within easy reach of lions, elephants, or the beaches of the Sunshine Coast. South African surgeons tend to be academically sound, but conservative, so this is probably not the best place to go for the latest breakthrough in neurosurgery.
Most common and well know procedures are cosmetic in nature.
Argentina is the fifth most popular destination in the world for plastic surgery, and the number of medical visitors is expected to grow by 50 percent in the next two years.
Cuba is resurrecting its once-renowned medical facilities in an effort to attract medical tourist dollars. Cosmetic and eye surgery, and a well regarded women’s hospital are all among the attractions.
Hungary is drawing visitors from Western Europe, and growing numbers from the US, for high quality plastic surgery and dental care for as little as half the price in nearby Germany and up to 60 percent cheaper than the US.
Iran has been eyeing the success of Jordan in attracting medical tourists from other parts of the Middle East and has its sights set on pulling patients for cardiovascular and orthopedic surgery, dentistry, organ transplants, and even psychiatric care.
Dubai is seen as a better deal, already known as a luxury vacation paradise on the Red Sea. Dubai Healthcare City, scheduled to open in 2010, will be the largest medical center between Europe and Southeast Asia and will have a branch of the Harvard Medical School on site.
Dubai Healthcare City
Malaysia offers advanced care at low prices in a variety of specialties, but has been handicapped by a lack of doctors and technicians.
The Philippines are still underdeveloped land as far as medical tourism goes, but that may not remain true for long. Bangkok’s Bumrungrad Hospital recently mad a major investment in the Asian Hospital and Medical Center outside Manila in hope of cloning its own success and attracting vacationing patients.
Dr. Frederick J. DeMicco
Professor and ARAMARK Chair,
Hotel & Restaurant Management
Dr. Marvin Cetron
President Forecasting International
Address: The University of Delaware,
14 W. Main Street-Raub Hall, Newark, Delaware 19716
Tel: +1 302 831 6077
E-Mail: [email protected]