The Biodiversity and Climate Imperative to Protect Primary Forests: Implications for Forest Policy. IUCN World Conservation Congress Session 066 Sept. 7, 2012 14:30-16:30 Rm 402. Outline.
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IUCN World Conservation Congress
Sept. 7, 2012
14:30-16:30 Rm 402
Outline Forests: Implications for Forest Policy
About 50 Forests: Implications for Forest Policy% of world’s natural forests have been cleared,
~4 billion ha remains but only 1.45 billion ha of primary forest (i.e. 15% of original forest biome)
By the FAO’s estimate, we lost Forests: Implications for Forest Policytropical forests at 15 million hectares per year between 1990-2000 and 13 million hectares per year between 2000-2010 (these are underestimates because some countries e.g. Cameroon, DRC, did not report data)
Primary forest protection is a developed & developing country challenge
Source: FOA Global Forest Resource Assessment 2010
Why care about protecting primary forests? country challenge
1. Climate change mitigation
+12 by end of 2200
+5 by end of 2100
Representative concentration pathways =RCP 8.5 W m-2
Source: Meinhausen, pers. comm.
from both sources (1) fossil fuel & (2) ecosystems
2. Biodiversity conservation
“…we find that most forms of forest degradation have an overwhelmingly detrimental effect on tropical biodiversity. Our results clearly indicate that when it comes to maintaining tropical biodiversity, there is no substitute for primary forests.”
Gibson L. et al. (2011) Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity.
2/3 of all land based plants and animals are found in forests (CBD)
3. Climate change adaptation
The natural biodiversity of forests and woodlands (and other ecosystem types) provides them with ecosystem resilience in the face of external perturbations including fire, disease, invasives, and climate change deliveringmore stable carbon stocks
Source: IPPC TAR 2007
Thompson I., Mackey B., McNulty S. and Mosseler A. (2009). Forest Resilience, Biodiversity, and Climate Change. A synthesis of the biodiversity/resilience/stability relationship in forest ecosystems. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. Technical Series no. 43, 67 pages.
4. Indigenous traditional obligations to country, traditional knowledge & sustainable livelihoods
“For the northern Kaanju people living at Chuulangun on KuukuI’yu (northern Kaanju), Ngaachi Indigenous cosmology ties together land, flora, fauna and people. The landscape was shaped by ancestral beings or ‘Stories’ that left law (governance) and language. ‘Bloodlines’ tie people to different tracts of land – these ties are the foundation of indigenous governance, knowledge, land tenure and land management. This cosmologically-based philosophy drives the Kaanju people in their efforts towards sustainable land management, ecological and socio-cultural restoration, and the reaffirmation of indigenous knowledge across the northern KaanjuNgaachi.“
David Clauide, Traditional Owner, Northern Kaanju people, Cape York Peninsula, Australia
Northern Kaanju people living at Chuulangun on KuukuI’yu, Cape York Peninsula Photo: Courtesy of Dave Claudie, Traditional Owner
5. Water flow & quality
Solutions lie in place…using emerging opportunities to reduce pressured & build a conservation economy…