Clauses
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Clauses PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Clauses. A cousin of the phrase!. A clause. Is a group of words, which contains a verb and its subject. Is used as part of a sentence. The Independent Clause:. Expresses a complete thought. Can stand by itself as a sentence. Sentence: I baked her a cake . Independent clause:

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Clauses

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Clauses

Clauses

A cousin of the phrase!


A clause

A clause

  • Is a group of words, which contains a verb and its subject.

  • Is used as part of a sentence.


The independent clause

The Independent Clause:

  • Expresses a complete thought.

  • Can stand by itself as a sentence.

    • Sentence:

      • I baked her a cake.

    • Independent clause:

      • Since it was my mom’s birthday, I baked her a cake.


Dependent clauses

Dependent Clauses

  • Do not express a complete thought.

  • Cannot stand on their own. *That’s what makes them dependent!


Example

Example:

  • Dependent Clause:

    • when I lived in Paris.

  • Complete sentence:

    • I was a student when I lived in Paris.


Here comes the tricky part

Here comes the tricky part!

  • Dependent Clauses can act as modifiers themselves.

  • They can act as either:

    • Adjective

      • or

  • Adverb


Adjective clauses

Adjective clauses

  • Like adjective phrases, adjective clauses, act like adjectives.

  • They describe nouns and pronouns.


What s the difference

What’s the difference?

  • Adjective Phrase:

    • The woman in the car is singing.

  • Adjective Clause:

    • The woman who is in the car is singing.

  • The second sentence added who which is the subject of is.


The relative pronoun

The Relative Pronoun

  • Adjective clauses almost always begin with special pronouns which relate to another word or idea in the sentence.


Meet the relative pronouns

Meet the relative pronouns!

  • Who

  • Whom

  • Whose

  • Which

  • That


Example of a sentence with relative pronouns

Example of a sentence with relative pronouns

  • Leonardo da Vinci was the artist who painted the Mona Lisa.

  • The relative pronoun who begins the clause and relates to the word artist.


Example of a sentence with relative pronouns1

Example of a sentence with relative pronouns

  • Everything that could be done was done.

  • The relative pronoun that begins the clause and relates to the pronoun everything.


Adverb clauses

Adverb Clauses

  • Like adverb phrases, adverb clauses act like adverbs

  • They describe verbs, adjectives, adverbs.


See the difference

See the difference!

  • Adverb Phrase:

    • During the winter many animals hibernate.

  • Adverb Clause:

    • When winter sets in, many animals hibernate.


Adverb clauses answer these questions

How?

When?

Where?

Why?

How much?

How long?

Under what conditions?

Adverb clauses answer these questions:


A secret

A SECRET!

  • Adjective clauses have to come right after the noun or pronoun they modify.

    • Daisy looks great in her embroidered collar that actually has daisies on it.

    • I looked all over for the air conditioner, which I thought was in my room.


More secrets

More SECRETS!

  • Adverb clauses can come at the beginning of the sentence.

  • They can sometimes be switched around and still make sense.

    • When I came to FFMS I never thought I would last seven years.

    • I never thought I would last seven years when I came to FFMS.


Clauses1

Clauses

A cousin of the phrase!


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