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NRABB Gun /Air Rifle Home Course InstructionsCOURSE OUTLINE& LESSON PLANSNATIONAL RIFLE ASSOCIATIONYouth Programs11250 Waples Mill RoadFairfax, Virginia 22030-7400Telephone: (703) 267-1550; FAX: (703) 267-3999Produced by the Youth Programs Department of the Education & Training DivisionA Publication of the National Rifle Association


See Note Page for Course Introduction, Policies and Conduct.


See Note Page for Course Introduction, Policies and Conduct.


See Note Page for Course Introduction, Policies and Conduct.


See note page for required materials and equipment


Next Slide Starts the Presentation

  • Follow the prompts on the note pages when presenting the lessons.


NRABB Gun /Air Rifle Home Course Instructions


Orientation Goal

To provide beginning shooters with the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to shoot an air rifle safely under the direct supervision of an Adult.


NO AMMUNITION in the classroomNONE !

Firearms UNLOADED Action OPEN

On the table in front of you

No pellets/projectiles in the rifle


ADMINISTRATIVE ITEMS

  • Policy Regarding no Ammunition in the Classroom

  • Restrooms and Drinking Fountains

  • Emergency Telephones and Exits

  • Policy Regarding Refreshment/Snack

  • Schedule for breaks and Lunch

  • Air Conditioning and Heating Adjustments

  • Policy Regarding Cell Phones or Pagers

  • Handbooks


Lesson I: Introduction to BB/Air Rifle Safety, Parts, and Operation

As a result of this lesson, participants will be

able to:

  • State the goal of the BB/Air Rifle Home Course Instructions Class

  • Name the three fundamental NRA rules of safe gun handling and demonstrate them with a specific air rifle model.

  • Name the three major components of an BB gun Air Rifle and describe their functions.

  • Safely demonstrate how to handle a specific BB gun or Air Rifle in a safe manner.


SAFETY!!!

is ALWAYS the primary concern when handling firearms, whether the guns are located in the home, at the range or in the field!

WHAT do you think is the PRIMARY concern when handling firearms?


Major Causes for Accidents

  • Ignorance – the lack of knowledge of firearm safety or operation

  • Carelessness – Failure to apply one’s knowledge when handling firearms!


Accidents?

What do you think are the major causes of gun accidents?


NRA Gun Safety Rules

  • ALWAYS keep your gun pointed in a safe direction

  • ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot

  • ALWAYS keep your gun unloaded until ready to use


Rifle Parts…Air Rifle

Barrel Break Action

Pump Lever

Loading Port

Rear Sight

Chamber

Front Sight

Barrel

Grip

Muzzle

Comb

Butt

Piercing Tube Cap

Forearm

Safety

Trigger

Toe

Pellet Magazine

Trigger Guard


Demonstrate Air Rifle Operation

Instructor demonstration only

  • Simulate loading

  • Cocking

  • Firing “Dry-fire only”

    • Check the Owner Manual to ensure you can dry-fire your air rifle.

  • Unloading

    During Live-fire on the range, your instructor will load and unload the air rifle for you.

17


ReviewLesson I – Safety, Parts & Operation

  • Safety Gun Handling Rules

  • Parts

  • Operation

    What are your Question?

    Next lesson is the Introduction to Ammunition and the Fundamentals of Air Rifle Shooting


Lesson II:Introduction to Ammunition and The Fundamentals of Air Rifle Shooting

As a result of this lesson, participants will be

able to:

  • Identify the three items to check to determine the proper ammunition for their BB/Air Rifle

  • Identify and define the two major types of air rifle malfunctions and explain how to respond safely when they occur.

  • Determine the dominant eye.

  • Explain the fundamentals of rifle shooting and demonstrate them from the benchrest position.


AmmunitionParts of the Pellet

Head

Waist

Skirt

Picture from Federal Cartridge


Air Rifle AmmunitionPotential ammunition malfunctions

  • Air Rifle MISFIRE:AN Air Rifle MISFIRE IS THE FAILURE OF THE GUN TO PROPEAL THE PELLET OUT OF THE CHAMBER OF THE GUN.

    • Action to take:

      • THE GUN SHOULD BE KEPT POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION .

      • RAISE YOUR HAND TO NOTIFY THE RANGE SAFETY OFFICE YOU NEED HELP.

      • THE INSTRUCTOR WILL DIRECT YOU TO RECOCK THE GUN AND REFIRE.

  • Air Rifle SQUIB LOAD: A SQUIB LOADIS WHEN AN Air Rifle DEVELOPS LESS THAN NORMAL PRESSURE, AND RESULTS IN THE PELLET FAILING TO EXIT THE MUZZLE AND LODGING IN THE BORE.

    • IF SIGNS OF A SQUIB LOAD ARE ENCOUNTERED:

      • REDUCED NOISE

    • Action to take:

      • THE GUN SHOULD BE KEPT POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION .

      • RAISE YOUR HAND TO NOTIFY THE RANGE SAFETY OFFICE YOU NEED HELP.

      • THE INSTRUCTOR WILL DIRECT YOU TO:

        • OPEN THE ACTION OF THE Air Rifle

        • CHECK THE BORE FOR PELLET.

        • KEEP THE GUN POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION PUSH PELLET OUT OF BARRELL.

        • RELOAD AND FIRE.


Shooting FundamentalsDetermining the Dominant Eye

  • Extend arms forward and form opening between the hands

  • With both eyes open, look at a distant object through opening

  • Bring hands to face while looking at object – Opening will be aligned with the dominant eye


Feet flat on the ground with the legs relaxed.

Seated directly behind the front support, leaning slightly forward.

Butt of the air rifle in the shoulder close to neck.

Elbows on the table to support the air rifle.

Support hand under the Forearm.

Trigger hand.

Face firmly against the stock with eye looking straight down the sights.

Bench Rest Position


Prone Supported Position

  • Position is 45 degrees off the firing line.

  • Feet and legs are flat on the ground with the legs relaxed.

  • Butt of the air rifle in the shoulder close to neck.

  • Elbows on the ground to support the air rifle.

  • Support hand under the Forearm.

  • Trigger hand.

  • Face firmly against the stock with eye looking straight down the sights.


Air Rifle Shooting Fundamentals

1. AIMING (sight alignment & sight picture)

2. BREATH CONTROL

3. HOLD CONTROL

4. TRIGGER CONTROL

5. FOLLOW-THROUGH


FUNDAMENTALS “Aiming”

Notch Rear and Post Front Sight

FRONT SIGHT IS IN SHARP FOCUS

Sight Alignment

With Post-and-Notch sights:

The tops of the front and rear sights are even

The front post is centered in the rear notch

  • Sight Picture

  • 6 O'clock Hold on the Bullseye


FUNDAMENTALS “Aiming”

Aperture Rear and Post Front Sight

FRONT SIGHT IS IN SHARP FOCUS

Sight Alignment

  • Sight Picture

  • 6 O'clock Hold on the Bullseye

Aperture Rear and Post Front Sight

The tops of the front is center in the rear sights aperture


FUNDAMENTALS “Aiming”

Aperture Rear and Aperture Front Sight

FRONT SIGHT IS IN SHARP FOCUS

Sight Alignment

  • Sight Picture

  • Bullseye is center in the front sight aperture

Aperture Rear and Post Front Sight

The front aperture is center in the rear sights aperture


FUNDAMENTALS “Aiming”

Scope

FOCUS ON THE CROSS HAIRS

Sight Alignment

  • Sight Picture

  • Cross Hairs are centered on the target

Looking through the scope , You see the whole scope tube (not just small hole in tube)


Shooting FundamentalsBreath Control

Body movement while breathing can produce gun movement that impairs shooting.

  • Stop breathing momentarily while firing the shot! (Respiratory pause, a moment between breaths)


Shooting FundamentalsHold Control

Body movement affects the shot.

  • Hold your body still.

  • Hold control allows you to maintain the proper sight picture and sight alignment during the process of firing the shot.


Shooting FundamentalsTrigger Control

  • Trigger is moved straight to the rear in a smooth, continuous manner without disturbing the sight alignment.

  • Gradually and evenly increasing pressure until the BB gun/Air Rifle fires.

    SURPRISE yourself when the gun shoots.


Shooting FundamentalsFollow-Through

In Air Rifle Shooting:

Follow-through means to maintain aiming (perfect sight alignment and acceptable sight picture), breath control, hold control, and trigger control until the gun settles back into the aiming area after firing.

33


Shooting FundamentalsThe Fundamentals…A Review

  • “Maintaining perfect sight alignment and acceptable sight picture.” –

  • “Stop breathing.” –

  • “Holding still.” –

  • “Moving only your trigger finger.” –

  • maintain position, and continue aiming, breath control, hold control, and trigger control until the gun settles back into the aiming area after the shot is fired.” –

AIMING

BREATH CONTROL

HOLD CONTROL

TRIGGER CONTROL

FOLLOW-THROUGH


Most Important Fundamentals!

NOTE –

The TWO most IMPORTANT shooting fundamentals are……..

  • “Maintaining sight alignment” – AIMING

  • “Moving only the trigger finger” – TRIGGER CONTROL


ReviewLesson II – Safety, Parts & Operation

  • Identify in the ammunition for your air rifle

  • Ammunition malfunctions

  • Eye dominance

  • Fundamentals of shooting

    What are your Question?

    Next lesson is the Introduction

    to Rifle Shooting from the Benchrest Position


Lesson III: Introduction to Air Rifle Shooting from the Benchrest Position

As a result of this lesson, participants will be

able to:

  • Understand the range and range layout.

  • Explain the three basic range commands, the procedures to be followed if one has a problem with a firearm or drops ammunition, and any applicable range rules which apply to the facility being used. 

  • Safely shoot a target from the benchrest position using the fundamentals of air rifle shooting.


Range Safety Briefing

Range layout

  • Ready Area

  • Firing Line

  • Target Area

  • Back Stop

  • Restroom


Range Safety Briefing

NRA 3 Gun Safety Rules

  • ALWAYS keep your gun pointed in a safe direction.

  • ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.

  • ALWAYS keep your gun unloaded until ready to use.


Range Safety Briefing

Range Commands

  • “Load”

  • “Commence Firing”

  • “Cease Firing”

  • Problem with Air Rifle


RULES FOR USING AND STORING A GUN

  • When you are shooting -- whether hunting, recreational practicing, or competing -- these rules must always be followed:

    1. Know your target and what is beyond

    2. Know how to use your gun safely

    3. Be sure the gun is safe to operate


RULES FOR USING AND STORING A GUN Continued”

4. Use only the correct ammunition for your gun

5. Wear eye and hearing protection as appropriate

6. Never use alcohol or drugs before, or while shooting

7. Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons

8. Be aware that certain types of guns and many shooting activities require additional safety precautions.


At The Firing PointEight Steps in learning a shooting position

  • Study the characteristics of the position.

  • Practice the position without the air rifle. Focus on correct position of body

  • Practice the position with the air rifle.

  • Align position to the target. Adjust the position to the Natural Point of Aim.

  • Dry-fire at the blank target: Review Aiming, Breath Control, Hold Control, Trigger Control and Follow-through.

  • Live-fire at the Blank target -five shots

  • Adjust sight (Zero the rifle): Move the group to the center of the target.

  • Resume live fire exercise


Feet flat on the ground with the legs relaxed.

Seated directly behind the front support , leaning slightly forward.

Butt of the air rifle in the shoulder close to neck.

Elbows on the table to support the air rifle.

Support hand under the Forearm.

Trigger hand holds the grip.

The entire weigh of your head should rest on the stock, with your eye looking straight through the sights.

Study the characteristics of the position.


Practice the Position Without the Air Rifle

  • Pretend you have an invisible air rifle and focus on the correct position of your body.

    • Feet flat on the ground with the legs relaxed.

    • Seated directly behind the front support, leaning slightly forward.

    • Air Rifle butt firmly in your shoulder close to your neck.

    • Elbows on the table to support the air rifle.

    • Support hand under the rifle forearm.

    • Firm grip on the air rifle with the trigger hand.

    • Move your head to the approximate area of the gun stock.


Practice the position with the air rifle.

  • ALWAYSkeep your gun pointed in a safe direction

    • Keep the air rifle pointed straight down range

  • ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot

    • Your trigger finger is straight and positioned along side the receiver

  • Focus on correct position of your body.

    • Feet flat on the ground with the legs relaxed.

    • Sitting directly behind the front support, leaning slightly forward.

    • Butt of the air rifle firmly against the shoulder close to your neck.

    • Elbows on the table to support the air rifle.

    • Support hand under the forearm of the air rifle.

    • Firm grip on the air rifle with your trigger hand.

    • Face firmly against the stock with eye looking straight down the sights.


Center

of

target

Natural point of aim

Align position to the targetNatural point of aim

  • ALIGN THE POSITION TO THE TARGET

    • The area on the target that the air rifle naturally points to when the shooter relaxes in position.

Shooter is pushing the air rifle into the middle of the target, when

relaxed the rifle would naturally lay to the right of the center

Shooter is pulling the rifle into the middle of the target, when relaxed the air rifle would naturally lay to the left of the center (some body adjustment may be required)


Dry-fire

  • Check your Natural Point of Aim

  • Dry-fire at the blank target

    • The blank target will help you to focus on sight alignment (the relationship between the front and rear sights)

    • When the trigger breaks the whole position should not move! The front and rear sight should remain aligned!

  • Fundamental of Shooting are:

  • “Maintaining perfect sight alignment and acceptable sight picture.”

  • “Stop breathing.” – respiratory pause

  • “Holding still.” –

  • “Moving only your trigger finger.” –

  • “To maintain position, and continue aiming, breath control, hold control, and trigger control until the gun settles back into the aiming area after the shot is fired.” –


Live-fire at a blank target

  • Exercise Requirements:

    • From a benchrest or prone supported position

    • Shoot five – three shot groups

    • Each group must be small enough to be covered by a quarter to count.

    • “Commence Firing”

      • Inspect down range area prior to commencing fire to ensure no one is down range.

    • “Cease Firing”

      • Inspect each air rifle to ensure they empty prior to letting anyone go down range to change targets.


Resume live fire exerciseat Bullseye Target

  • Resume live firing exercise

  • Requirements:

    • From a benchrest, or prone, supported position

    • Shoot five – five shot groups

    • Each five shot group must be smaller than a quarter and in the center of the bullseye to count.

    • “Commence Firing”

      • Inspect down range area prior to commencing shooting to ensure no one is down range.

    • “Cease Firing”

      • Inspect each air rifle to ensure it is empty prior to letting anyone go down range to change targets.


12

1

11

6

Adjusting the sights “Zeroing the air rifle”

  • Calling the shot, using the "Clock System."

  • Locate the center of the group.

    • Use the clock system to locate shots

  • Move the rear in the direction you want to move the impact.

STEP 2

STEP 3

STEP 1

10

x

3

9

8

4

Move left

7

5

Rear Sight

Move Down


ReviewLesson III: Introduction to Air Rifle Shooting from the Benchrest Position

  • What are the three basic range commands?

  • 8 NRA Rules to be followed when shooting and storing an air rifle

  • What have you learned from your practice of the fundamentals of air rifle shooting?

    What are your Questions?

    Next lesson is the Introduction to Cleaning, Storage, and Training Opportunities


Lesson IV: Introduction to Air Rifle Cleaning, Storage, and Training Opportunities

As a result of this lesson, participants will be

able to:

  • Importance of Cleaning your firearm.

  • Outline the three safety guidelines to be followed when cleaning an air rifle.

  • Identify materials needed to clean an air rifle.

  • Explain and demonstrate how to clean an air rifle safely.

  • Name the NRA rule for safe firearm storage, and discuss options for applying this rule when storing an air rifle.

  • Discuss the hygienic guidelines to be followed concerning exposure to airborne particulate lead, or cleaning solvents.

  • Discuss the benefits of receiving additional air rifle training through the NRA Basic Firearm Training Program.


Importance of CleaningPurpose of Cleaning

  • Remove metal fouling

  • Remove rust & crud

  • Protect the air rifle from rust, corrosion and wear

  • Make sure air rifle is correctly assembled and functions properly


Air Rifle Cleaning Materials

Gun Oil. (designed for Air Guns)

Clean cloth.

Small brush.

Other materials as indicated by Owners Manual.


Safety Guidelines While Cleaning

  • The action must be open

  • The gun must be unloaded

  • BB’s and Pellets must not be present in the area


Air Rifle CleaningProcedures

  • Consult your owners manual for the proper cleaning procedure for your air rifle.

  • Use small brush and solvent to clean other parts and metal surfaces. (Air Gun Solvent only)

  • Be careful to not get solvent on seals.

  • Wipe metal parts with a lightly oiled cloth.


Hygienic guideline to be followed for exposure to airborne particulate lead, or cleaning solvents

  • Hygiene Considerations

    • Avoid eating, drinking or putting anything in you mouth while shooting or cleaning BB/air guns

    • After shooting and cleaning BB/air guns, wash hands and face with cold water and soap, before eating or drinking.

    • Change clothes and shower after a shooting session


Air Rifle StorageNRA Rule: Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons

Lock Box

  • LOCK IT UP!

  • - Lockable gun case or rug

    - Trigger lock

  • Any lockable box

  • 2. Store guns and ammunition separately

Safe

Locking gun case


Next StepsAdditional Training

  • NRA Basic Rifle and Pistol Training Program Site

    • www.nrainstructors.org

  • Additional NRA Opportunities

    • http://home.nra.org/#/nraorg/wall/education_training

    • National Rifle Association Membership

    • http://home.nra.org/#/nraorg/custom/membership_imagema

    • Other shooting Activities

    • Winchester/NRA Marksmanship Qualification Program www.nrahq.org/education/training/marksmanship/index.asp


Optional Slides

  • Use the following slides to teach

    • How to use a sling

    • Prone Position with the sling

    • Standing position

    • Sitting position

    • Kneeling position


THE LOOP SLING

  • The loop sling takes longer to assume, but adds more support to the position.


2.

3.

4.

1.

5.

PRONE POSITION

CONSISTENCY

1. Head position

2. Shooting hand

3. Non-shooting hand

4. Rifle butt position

5. Elbow support

Left arm is extended

elbow is close in,

but not the under rifle

Spine is

straight

Left leg is parallel

to spine

Head

level

Right leg is

parallel to left leg

Right arm

is extended

elbow is out to the right of the body

Right leg

drawn up


STANDING POSITION

Head level

Bone structure with the edition of a support object can build a steadier standing position than just using body structure.


STANDING POSITION

1

Bone structure for support

4.

2

3.

CONSISTENCY

1. Head position

2. Shooting hand

3. Non-shooting hand

4. Rifle butt position

5. Elbow support

5.


SITTING POSITION

3.

2.

CONSISTENCY in position

1. Head position

2. Shooting hand

3. Non-shooting hand

4. Rifle butt position

5. Elbow support

1.

4.

5.

2.

Cross-leg Supported Position

1.

3.

4.

1.

4.

2.

3.

5.

Cross-Ankle

Position

Cross-Leg

Position

5.


KNEELING POSITION

SUPPORTED

KNEELING

CONSISTENCY in position

1. Head position

2. Shooting hand

3. Non-shooting hand

4. Rifle butt position

5. Elbow support

Bone structure with the addition of a support object

can build a steadier kneeling position than just using body structure.


KNEELING POSITION Continued

CONSISTENCY in position

1. Head position

2. Shooting hand

3. Non-shooting hand

4. Rifle butt position

5. Elbow support

SUPPORTED

KNEELING

3.

1.

2.

Bone structure with the addition of a support object

can build a steadier kneeling position than just using body structure.

4.

3.

5.


Winchester/NRA Marksmanship Qualification Program

  • A recreational shooting activity that provides incentive awards for developing and improving marksmanship skills.

  • Progression is self-paced and scores are challenging but attainable.

  • http://www.nrahq.org/education/training/marksmanship/qualbook.pdf#page=22

  • http://materials.nrahq.org/go/home.aspx


Lesson Conclusion

  • WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTIONS?

  • Present the Home Course Instructions Air Rifle Completion Certificate.

  • Thank you for participating in the firearms training programs of the National Rifle Association.


Air Rifle 3-Position

In the American Rifleman Qualification Course, air rifle shooters have two courses to choose from.

  • American Rifleman 3-Position Aggregate Course

  • American Rifleman 3-Position Stage Skill Course

  • http://www.nrahq.org/education/training/marksmanship/qualbook.pdf#page=22


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