josh r josh a andrew tate witzie hikaru ally rachel justin
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Pan-Arabism

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Josh R, Josh A, Andrew, Tate, Witzie , Hikaru , Ally, Rachel, Justin. Pan-Arabism. The movement for the unification of the Arab world. Known for it’s secular view and socialist ideas. Started in the 1910s. Reached high point in the 1960s. Pan-Arabism.

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pan arabism

The movement for the unification of the Arab world.

Known for it’s secular view and socialist ideas.

Started in the 1910s.

Reached high point in the 1960s.

Pan-Arabism
origins

Sharif Hussein ibn Ali pressed for unification of Arabia.

Syrian Thinkers in the 1930’s furthered the idea by combining Marxist and Nationalist ideas.

Pan-Arabism is different than Pan-Islamism, secular and nationalistic

Origins
nasser

President of Egypt

Formed the United Arab Republic, a union between Egypt and Syria.

Tried to make a joint nation between Libya and Egypt.

Attempts at making a

unified Arab state failed

because of his attempts

to make himself head of

the country.

Nasser
pan arabism in the 70s

Started off the 70s with the death of Nasser.

Attempts to join Egypt and Libya fell through.

1973 Arab Israeli war brought cohesion to the Arab states.

War helped them

realize the importance

in oil as a major

economic and political weapon.

Resulted in the oil crisis of 1973.

Pan-Arabism in the 70s
rising action
Rising Action
  • 1961-1975
  • Angola was a colony of Portugal
  • Violence began to break out when cotton prices fell.
rising action cont

Their leader Antonio Mariano was captured, tortured, and killed by the authorities shortly after.

In 1961 the struggle begins.

Rising Action (cont.)
rising action cont1
Rising Action (cont.)
  • In 1974 the government collapses
    • FNLA (National Liberation Front of Angola) and UNITA receive military support from the U.S., Zaire, and South Africa.
    • MPLA receives military support from Cuba and the USSR
    • That November the MPLA dominance causes the U.S. and South Africa to withdraw.
end of the war

The 3 party leaders met in Mombasa, Kenya in January and agreed to stop fighting each other. They then began negotiations with Portugal.

In November 1975 Portugal recognizes Angola as an independent nation.

June 1975, trial for FNLA mercenaries came to an end. They sentenced 4 people to death and nine others to prison from 16-30 years.

End of the War
idi amin

Dictator who ruled Uganda from 1971-1979.

He was supported by Muammar al-Gaddafi, the Soviet Union and East Germany.

IdiAmin
idi amin cont
IdiAmin (cont.)
  • human rights abuses
  • political repression
  • ethnic persecution
  • extrajudicial killings
  • Nepotism
  • Corruption
  • Gross economic mismanagement.
  • Under his rule, 300,000 Ugandans died.
idi amin cont1
IdiAmin (cont.)
  • In 1972 he expelled almost all of Uganda’s 80,000 Asians and seized their property.
  • Under his rule, Uganda lost 75% of their elephants, 98% of their rhinos, 90% of the crocodiles, and 80% of the lions and leopards
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