Nok Culture
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Nok Culture -Found in North central Nigeria off the edge of the Jos Plateau PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Nok Culture -Found in North central Nigeria off the edge of the Jos Plateau The oldest known example of terracotta sculpture in Africa south of the Sahara Dates from 3000-1000 Before the Present (1000 BC- 1000 AD) -wide diversity of subject matter

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Nok Culture -Found in North central Nigeria off the edge of the Jos Plateau

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  • Nok Culture

  • -Found in North central Nigeria off the edge of the Jos Plateau

  • The oldest known example of terracotta sculpture in Africa south of the Sahara

  • Dates from 3000-1000 Before the Present (1000 BC- 1000 AD)

  • -wide diversity of subject matter

  • With considerable variation in style, treatment and scale

  • Highly skilled in the creation of full-length human figures

  • -well organized social, political and religious structures

  • Art depicting images of dignitaries: rulers, priests and heroes

  • Iron working culture

  • With fragments of iron and beads recovered from furnaces


Style Elements

-elaborate coiffure

Cylindrical heads

Pierced eyes, nose, mouth, and ears

Semi-circular/triangular eyes and lids

Ears set back, often low and small

Flared nostrils


Map of Nigeria depicting the various ancient cultures


Head,

2500-800 BP

(500BC-200AD)

Terracotta


Jemaa Head,

Nok

2500 BP(500BC)

Terracotta


Figure of a warrior,

Nok,

Terracotta,

n/d


Composite of man/bird

a.k.a birdman

Terracotta

Nok

1750BP(250AD)


Janus faced statuette

Nok

Terracotta,

n/d


Crouching Pendant Statue,

Nok

Terraccotta

2250 BP(250BC)


Coiled snake, Nok, Terracotta, n/d


Titled Male Figure

Nok,

Terracotta

2450BP(450BC)


Female pillar statue,

Nok

Terracotta

2150BP(150BC)


Animal Imagery in the Nok corpus


Composite of man/bird

a.k.a birdman

Terracotta

Nok

1750BP(250AD)


Catfish or serpent, Nok, terracotta, 2300BP


Elephant, Nok, Terracotta, 2050BP


Elephanthead,

Nok,

Terracotta,

2500BP


Bust of a man with mudfish,

Nok,

Terracotta,

2250BP


Composite of man-leopard bust

Nok,

Terracotta,

2250 BP


Torso of a Lion Cub,

Nok,

Terracotta,

2400 BP


Statue on bended knee with Elephant and Feline,

Nok, Terracotta,

2350 BP


Seated Statue Holding a Feline,

Nok,

Terracotta,

2150 BP


Inland Niger Delta:

Djenne, Mali

700-500 BP

(13th-15th century)


Map of West Africa depicting the major culture areas


Style Elements:

The figurative sculptures have generalized rounded forms;

Heads are flattened elongated shapes that are tilted upward with

Bulging eyes and everted lips;

Some of the figures are clothed, with elaborate decorative patterns

and body art sometimes rendered in color

They exhibit a broad range of iconographic themes and subject matter

Including, maternity figures, equestrians, hunters, warriors and female figures

Depicted standing, seating, reclining or mounted on horseback

Other zoomorphic imagery include snakes, with or without humans

Connected with religious symbolism and agrarian and human fertility.

Some of the imagery might have represented legendary heroes,

and founding ancestors


Seated figure,

Djenne, Mali

Terracotta,

h.44.3cm


Archer figure,

Djenne, Mali

Terracotta,

h.61 cm (24 3/8 in.)


Horse and rider,

Djenne, Mali

Terracotta

H 44x17x30 cm


Bearded figure,

Djenne, Mali

Terracotta,

h. 38.1 cm


Kneeling figure with snake,

Djenne, Mali

Terracotta,

h.57 cm


Figure,

Djenne, Mali

Terracotta,

h.29.5 cm


Pair of figures,

Bankoni, Mali

Terracotta

h. 33.8 cm


Three pots, Bankoni, Mali terracotta, 54x22x22 cm


Ritual pot,

Djenne, Mali

terracotta


Ritual pot,

Djenne, Mali,

terracotta


Ritual pot,

Djenne, Mali,

terracotta


Standing figure,

Djenne, Mali

Bronze,

h.24 cm


Male figure,

Djenne, Mali

Iron, bronze

h. 49.5 cm


Royal ornament,

Djenne, Mali

Copper, brass

h.11.4 cm


Crest Mask,

Chiwara,

Bamana, Mali

Wood,

20th century


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