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Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). The NLM Controlled Vocabulary. PubMed for Trainers, Spring 2014 U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) and NLM Training Center. Objectives. By the end of this session, you should be able to: Define MeSH Explain why we use MeSH

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medical subject headings mesh

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)

The NLM Controlled Vocabulary

PubMed for Trainers, Spring 2014U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) and NLM Training Center

objectives
Objectives
  • By the end of this session, you should be able to:
    • Define MeSH
    • Explain why we use MeSH
    • Explain the hierarchical structure of MeSH
    • Explore MeSH further
medical subject headings defined
Medical Subject Headings Defined
  • Represent concepts found in the biomedical literature
  • Like keywords on other systems
  • Used to describe the subject of journal articles for MEDLINE
  • Used for cataloging books and audiovisuals
  • Used by searchers
  • Revised annually
  • Gives uniformity and consistency to the indexing of the biomedical literature
mesh headings examples
MeSH Headings (Examples)
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Erythrocytes
  • Quality of Life
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Birth Order
  • Glycolysis
  • Patient Dropouts
mesh entry terms example
MeSH Entry Terms (Example)

Entry Terms:

  • Neoplasms, Pulmonary
  • Neoplasm, Pulmonary
  • Pulmonary Neoplasm
  • Neoplasms, Lung
  • Lung Neoplasm
  • Neoplasm, Lung
  • Pulmonary Neoplasms
  • Lung Cancer
  • Cancer, Lung
  • Cancers, Lung
  • Lung Cancers
  • Cancer of Lung
  • Pulmonary Cancer
  • Cancer, Pulmonary
  • Cancers, Pulmonary
  • Pulmonary Cancers
  • Cancer of the Lung

Lung Neoplasms

Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.

mesh tree structure
MeSH Tree Structure
  • Anatomy
  • Organisms
  • Diseases
  • Chemicals and Drugs
  • Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment
  • Psychiatry and Psychology
  • Phenomena and Processes
  • Disciplines and Occupations
  • Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena
  • Technology, Industry, Agriculture
  • Humanities
  • Information Science
  • Named Groups
  • Health Care

V. Publication Characteristics

Z. Geographicals

subheadings examples
Subheadings (Examples)
  • Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis
  • Erythrocytes/classification
  • Quality of Life/legislation and jurisprudence
  • Diabetes Mellitus/rehabilitation
  • Ascorbic Acid/secretion
  • Birth Order/physiology
  • Glycolysis/genetics
  • Patient Dropouts/psychology
subheading groupings examples
Subheading Groupings (Examples)

adverse effects

poisoning

toxicity

physiology

genetics

growth & development

immunology

metabolism

biosynthesis

blood

cerebrospinal fluid

deficiency

enzymology

pharmacokinetics

urine

physiopathology

secretion

therapy

diet therapy

drug therapy

nursing

prevention & control

radiotherapy

rehabilitation

surgery

transplantation

publication types examples
Publication Types (Examples)
  • Review
  • Editorial
  • Letter
  • Interactive Tutorial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Twin Study
supplementary concepts
Supplementary Concepts
  • Part of MeSH Database
  • NOT full Headings
  • Used to quickly add vocabulary
  • Substances
  • Protocols
  • Rare Diseases
exercise
Exercise

In the MeSH database, search for the wordFragaria.

summary
Summary
  • MeSH is NLM\'s controlled vocabulary for subject indexing and searching MEDLINE/PubMed
  • There are four types of MeSH:
    • Headings
    • Subheadings
    • Publication Types
    • Supplementary Concept Records
  • MeSH uses synonyms known as Entry terms
  • MeSH is organized in a hierarchy or tree
  • Indexers designate the major points of articles as MeSH Major Topics
  • Use the MeSH Database to find MeSH terms
  • Use My NCBI Site Preferences to customize PubMed displays
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