An Introduction to the Elements and Principles of Art and Design
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 30

An Introduction to the Elements and Principles of Art and Design PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 62 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

An Introduction to the Elements and Principles of Art and Design. Feb ‘12 Condensed version. Elements of Art and Design. The visual tools or building blocks artists use to create all art. The elements include line, shape, colour, value, texture, space and form. Line.

Download Presentation

An Introduction to the Elements and Principles of Art and Design

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

An Introduction to the Elements and Principles of Art and Design

  • Feb ‘12

  • Condensed version


Elements of art and design

Elements of Art and Design

  • The visual tools or building blocks artists use to create all art.

  • The elements include line, shape, colour, value, texture, space and form.


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

Line

  • Line: An element of art that is used to define shape,contours and also to suggest mass or volume. It may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edges of shapes and forms.


Variation of line

Variation of Line:

  • Width- thick, thin, tapering, uneven

  • Length - long, short, continuous, broken

  • Direction- horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curving, perpendicular, oblique, parallel, radial, zigzag

  • Curvature – slight curves and sharp curves

  • Colour

  • Focus- sharp, blurry, fuzzy, choppy

  • Feeling- sharp, jagged, graceful, smooth


Types of line

Types of Line:

Contour Lines- Lines that describe the shape of an object and the interior detail.


Types of line1

Types of Line:

  • Gesture Lines- Line that are energetic and catches the movement and gestures of an active figure.


Types of line2

Types of Line:

Sketch Lines- Lines that captures the appearance of an object or impression of a place.


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

Self Portrait

Egon Schiele

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/schiele/schiele.self-portrait.jpg


Types of line3

Types of Line:

  • Implied Line- Lines that are not actually drawn but created by a group of objects seen from a distance. The direction an object is pointing to, or the direction a person is looking at.


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

http://www.mycoolhomeschool.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/VanGogh-starry_night_edit.jpg


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/rembrandt/1630/nicolaes-tulp.jpg

Rembrandt

The Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

Caravaggio's

"Calling of St. Matthew":

http://acephalous.typepad.com/acephalous/2009/04/visual-rhetoric-primer.html


Shape

Shape

  • A flat figure created when actual or implied lines meet to surround a space.

  • The two basic types of shape are organic shape and geometric shape.


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

  • Geometric Shapes - Circles, Squares, rectangles and triangles. We see them in architecture and manufactured items.


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

  • Organic Shapes - Leaf, seashell or flower shapes. We see them in nature and with characteristics that are free flowing, informal and irregular.


Value or tone

Value or tone refers to the relative lightness or darkness of any media or surface, whether it is in black and white or in colour.

In picture making, value has two important functions. First, it can turn flat shapes into the illusion of forms which appear solid. Second, it can create impressions of mood or atmosphere. An overall dark tone with little contrast can give a work a feeling of gloom or melancholy.

Value or Tone


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

Form

  • Any three-dimensional object.

  • In painting, we talk about an artist creating the illusion of form.

  • The two basic types of form are organic form and geometric form.

  • All forms in nature can be simplified or reduced to basic geometric forms.


Geometric

Geometric

  • Mechanical-looking forms.

  • Geometric forms include cones, cubes, cylinders, pyramids and spheres.


Texture

Texture

  • The way a surface feels (actual texture) or how it may look (implied texture).

  • Texture can be sensed by touch and sight and be described with words such as smooth, rough, soft and pebbly.


Space

Space

  • The empty or open area between, around, below or within objects.

  • The three main types of space are deep space – as in a distant landscape, shallow space – a measurable distance as in a few millimeters to a few meters, and flat space – all objects appear to sit right on the surface of a work.


Colour has 3 basic attributes

Colour has 3 basic attributes.

  • Hue– the colour’s name. eg red, yellow and blue

  • Intensity – the brightness or dullness of the colour. Straight out of the tube is full intensity. Adding a colour’s complement makes it dull.

  • Value – the lightness or darkness of a colour. Yellow is light in value and violet is dark in value.


Colour

Colour

  • Colour comes form light; if it weren’t for light we would have no color. Light rays move in a straight path from a light source. Within this light rays are all the rays of colours in the spectrum or rainbow. Shining a light into a prism will create a rainbow of colours because it separates the colour of the spectrum. When the light rays hits an object our eyes responds to the light that is bounced back and we see that colour. For example a red ball reflects all the red light rays. As artist we use pigments in the form of powder or liquid paints to create colour.


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

  • Color Wheels a tool used to organize color. It is made up of:

  • ·        Primary Colors-Red, Yellow, Blue these color cannot be mixed, they must be bought in some form.

  • ·      Secondary Color-Orange, Violet, Green, these colors are created by mixing two primaries.

  • ·      Intermediate Colors- Red Orange, Yellow Green, Blue Violet, etc.; mixing a primary with a secondary creates these colors.

  • ·      Complementary Colors-are colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. When placed next to each other they look bright and when mixed together they neutralize each other.


Color harmonies

Color Harmonies

  • Color Harmonies or colour schemes is when an artist uses certain combinations of colors that create different looks or feelings.


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

  • Warm colorsare on one side of the color wheel and they give the felling of warmth for example red, orange and yellow are the color of fire and feel warm.


An introduction to the elements and principles of art and design

  • Cool colorsare on the other side of the color wheel and they give the feeling of coolness for example blue, violet and blue green.


  • Login