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World Semester 1 Review. Ms. Ramos Alta Loma High School. What was groundbreaking about the development of democracy?. People were governed by councils, instead of by an absolute ruler. A political system in which representatives are elected by the people follows the model of. a republic.

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world semester 1 review

World Semester 1 Review

Ms. Ramos

Alta Loma High School

what was groundbreaking about the development of democracy
What was groundbreaking about the development of democracy?
  • People were governed by councils, instead of by an absolute ruler.
a political system in which representatives are elected by the people follows the model of
A political system in which representatives are elected by the people follows the model of
  • a republic.
slide7

“We, the Japanese people… do proclaim that sovereign power resides with the people and do firmly establish this Constitution.”—The Constitution of Japan, 1946What principle is reflected in the quotation from the Japanese Constitution?

  • popular sovereignty
slide8
The U.S. Constitution reflects the principle of _____ by sharing power between the national and state governments.
  • federalism
slide9
The division of South Korea’s government into three branches with distinct powers reflects the principle of
  • separation of powers
slide10
European intellectual movement that emphasized the responsibility of government to protect people’s natural rights was called the
  • Enlightenment.
the phrase natural rights is original to and central to the writings of which philosopher
The phrase “natural rights” is original to and central to the writings of which philosopher?
  • John Locke
slide12
The ideas of Locke and Rousseau influenced ____ in his commitment to fight for democratic revolution in Latin America.
  • Simón Bolívar
slide13
The American Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen both
  • emphasize the rights of the individual.
english colonists in america expected to have representative government in the colonies because
English colonists in America expected to have representative government in the colonies because
  • there was a tradition of representative government in England.
slide15

John Adams, second U.S. president, said that even before the War for Independence began, “The Revolution was in the hearts and minds of the people.” What is the best way to paraphrase Adams’s meaning?

  • The American Revolution was rooted in people’s beliefs.
slide16

Which document was written before all the others?Articles of ConfederationU.S. ConstitutionDeclaration of IndependenceUnited States Bill of Rights

  • Declaration of Independence
what was a direct effect of increased food production during europe s agricultural revolution
What was a direct effect of increased food production during Europe’s Agricultural Revolution?
  • The population increased.
a defining feature of europe s industrial revolution was that many commercial goods were made by
A defining feature of Europe’s Industrial Revolution was that many commercial goods were made by ____.
  • machine
a geographic advantage of england in the industrial revolution was its
A geographic advantage of England in the Industrial Revolution was its
  • natural harbors
what impact did the steam engine have on the growth of industry
What impact did the steam engine have on the growth of industry?
  • provided an efficient source of power
slide27

In Great Britain, the Factory Act of 1819 declared it illegal for children to work more than 12 hours a day. What does the act suggest about labor conditions at that time?

  • Some children spent more than half of each day working.
slide28

In 1902, Pennsylvania coal miners refused to work, returning to their jobs only when guaranteed a 10 percent pay increase and reduction of hours. The miners’ action is an example of

  • a strike.
slide29

“They are the leaders on the way to material progress . . . . They guess what the consumers would like to have and are intent on providing them with these things.”—from Human Action: A Treatise onEconomics, Ludwig von MisesAccording to the quotation, what skill is important to a business leader?

  • an understanding of people’s needs
what is the goal of industrial production
What is the goal of industrial production?
  • the manufacture of consumer goods that can be sold
what was the relationship between work and property in a utopian community
What was the relationship between work and property in a utopian community?
  • People worked together and shared their property.
which economic system emerged in europe as a response to both capitalist and socialist ideals
Which economic system emerged in Europe as a response to both capitalist and socialist ideals?
  • social democracy
slide35

Which would have been the most likely subject for a classical painter?a farmer milking a cowfolk dancingancient Greek philosophersa sunset over magnificent mountains

  • ancient Greek philosophers
european romanticism celebrated the beauty of nature at a time when
European Romanticism celebrated the beauty of nature at a time when
  • industrialization was polluting the land.
slide38

What geography-related goal most motivated 19th-century European imperialists?exploration of major waterwaysexploration of inland areasdiscovery of shorter trade routescontrol of trade routes

  • control of trade routes
christian missionaries in colonized lands in the 1800s wanted people in other lands to
Christian missionaries in colonized lands, in the 1800s,wanted people in other lands to
  • become Christians.
a 19th century english social darwinist would say that his or her nation s power was proof of
A 19th-century English Social Darwinist would say that his or her nation’s power was proof of
  • its superiority.
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