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World Semester 1 Review. Ms. Ramos Alta Loma High School. What was groundbreaking about the development of democracy?. People were governed by councils, instead of by an absolute ruler. A political system in which representatives are elected by the people follows the model of. a republic.

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World semester 1 review

World Semester 1 Review

Ms. Ramos

Alta Loma High School


What was groundbreaking about the development of democracy
What was groundbreaking about the development of democracy?

  • People were governed by councils, instead of by an absolute ruler.


A political system in which representatives are elected by the people follows the model of
A political system in which representatives are elected by the people follows the model of

  • a republic.





“We, the Japanese people… do proclaim that sovereign power resides with the people and do firmly establish this Constitution.”—The Constitution of Japan, 1946What principle is reflected in the quotation from the Japanese Constitution?

  • popular sovereignty


The U.S. Constitution reflects the principle of _____ by power resides with the people and do firmly establish this Constitution.”sharing power between the national and state governments.

  • federalism


The division of South Korea’s government into three branches with distinct powers reflects the principle of

  • separation of powers


European intellectual movement that emphasized the responsibility of government to protect people’s natural rights was called the

  • Enlightenment.


The phrase natural rights is original to and central to the writings of which philosopher
The phrase “natural rights” is original to and central to the writings of which philosopher?

  • John Locke


The ideas of Locke and Rousseau influenced ____ in his commitment to fight for democratic revolution in Latin America.

  • Simón Bolívar


The American Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen both

  • emphasize the rights of the individual.


English colonists in america expected to have representative government in the colonies because
English colonists in America expected to have representative government in the colonies because

  • there was a tradition of representative government in England.


John Adams, second U.S. president, said that even before the War for Independence began, “The Revolution was in the hearts and minds of the people.” What is the best way to paraphrase Adams’s meaning?

  • The American Revolution was rooted in people’s beliefs.


Which document was written before all the others? War for Independence began, “The Revolution was in the hearts and minds of the people.” What is the best way to paraphrase Adams’s meaning?Articles of ConfederationU.S. ConstitutionDeclaration of IndependenceUnited States Bill of Rights

  • Declaration of Independence



Who carried out the reign of terror in france
Who carried out the “Reign of Terror” in France? called

  • the Committee for Public Safety



What was the primary concern of the concert of europe
What was the primary concern of the Concert of Europe? called

  • the possibility of revolution


What was a direct effect of increased food production during europe s agricultural revolution
What was a calleddirect effect of increased food production during Europe’s Agricultural Revolution?

  • The population increased.


A defining feature of europe s industrial revolution was that many commercial goods were made by
A defining feature of Europe’s Industrial Revolution was that many commercial goods were made by ____.

  • machine


A geographic advantage of england in the industrial revolution was its
A geographic advantage of England in the Industrial Revolution was its

  • natural harbors


The black country of england was known for its
The “Black Country” of England was known for its Revolution was its

  • smoke from coal.


What impact did the steam engine have on the growth of industry
What Revolution was itsimpact did the steam engine have on the growth of industry?

  • provided an efficient source of power



In Great Britain, the Factory Act of 1819 declared it illegal for children to work more than 12 hours a day. What does the act suggest about labor conditions at that time?

  • Some children spent more than half of each day working.


In 1902, Pennsylvania coal miners refused to work, returning to their jobs only when guaranteed a 10 percent pay increase and reduction of hours. The miners’ action is an example of

  • a strike.


“They to their jobs only when guaranteed a 10 percent pay increase and reduction of hours. The miners’ action is an example of are the leaders on the way to material progress . . . . They guess what the consumers would like to have and are intent on providing them with these things.”—from Human Action: A Treatise onEconomics, Ludwig von MisesAccording to the quotation, what skill is important to a business leader?

  • an understanding of people’s needs


What is the goal of industrial production
What is the goal of industrial production? to their jobs only when guaranteed a 10 percent pay increase and reduction of hours. The miners’ action is an example of

  • the manufacture of consumer goods that can be sold


What was the relationship between work and property in a utopian community
What was the relationship between work and property in a utopian community?

  • People worked together and shared their property.


With what economic idea is karl marx most closely associated
With what economic idea is Karl Marx utopian community?most closely associated?

  • communism


Citizens in a social democracy expect their government to
Citizens in a social democracy expect their government to utopian community?

  • provide them with certain benefits.


Which economic system emerged in europe as a response to both capitalist and socialist ideals
Which economic system emerged in Europe as a response to utopian community?both capitalist and socialist ideals?

  • social democracy


Which would have been the utopian community?most likely subject for a classical painter?a farmer milking a cowfolk dancingancient Greek philosophersa sunset over magnificent mountains

  • ancient Greek philosophers


European romanticism celebrated the beauty of nature at a time when
European Romanticism celebrated the beauty of nature at a time when

  • industrialization was polluting the land.



What geography-related goal past as amost motivated 19th-century European imperialists?exploration of major waterwaysexploration of inland areasdiscovery of shorter trade routescontrol of trade routes

  • control of trade routes


Christian missionaries in colonized lands in the 1800s wanted people in other lands to
Christian missionaries in colonized lands, in the 1800s, past as awanted people in other lands to

  • become Christians.


A 19th century english social darwinist would say that his or her nation s power was proof of
A 19th-century English Social Darwinist would say that his or her nation’s power was proof of

  • its superiority.


What two european nations colonized most of south america
What or her nation’s power was proof oftwo European nations colonized most of South America?

  • England and France


The purpose of the berlin conference was to plan for the
The purpose of the Berlin Conference was to plan for the or her nation’s power was proof of

  • division of Africa.


Study for your final
STUDY for your final!!!!!! or her nation’s power was proof of


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