Regents warm up
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Regents Warm Up. What is the total number of electrons in a Mg 2+ ion? (1) 10 (3) 14 (2) 12 (4) 24. AIM: What is an Electrolytic Cell? Do Now: What is a salt bridge?. ELECTROCHEMISTRY. What kind of Redox rxn occurs in all VOLTAIC Cells? What occurs in the left half-cell?

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Regents Warm Up

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Regents warm up

Regents Warm Up

What is the total number of electrons in a Mg2+ ion?

(1) 10 (3) 14

(2) 12 (4) 24


Electrochemistry

AIM:

What is an Electrolytic Cell?

Do Now:

What is a salt bridge?

ELECTROCHEMISTRY


Voltaic cell review

What kind of Redox rxn occurs in all VOLTAIC Cells?

What occurs in the left half-cell?

What is the electrode in the right half-cell called?

Where are electrons generated?

Which statement is true about

oxidation and reduction in an

electrochemical cell?

1. Both occur at the anode.

2. Oxidation occurs at the anode and reduction occurs at the cathode.

3. Both occur at the cathode.

4. Oxidation occurs at the cathode and reduction occurs at the anode

Voltaic Cell Review


Electrolytic cell

Electrolytic Cells:

Electrochemical Cells

used to FORCE

non-spontaneous redox

reactions to occur.

They do NOT generate electrical energy – they USE it!

An electric current is applied to the cell to make it run – this is called ELECTROLYSIS

Electrolytic Cells are similar to Voltaic Cells

They both have:

1. Oxidation occuring at the

Anode

2. Reduction occuring at the

Cathode

3. Electrons travel from the

Anode to the Cathode

Electrolytic Cell


Electrolytic cells

The difference is that in electrolytic cells the electrons are forced to move from the anode to the cathode

A voltaic cell differs from an electrolytic cell in that in a voltaic cell

1. energy is produced when the reaction occurs

2. both oxidation and reduction occur

3. energy is required for the reaction to occur

4. neither oxidation nor reduction occurs

Electrolytic Cells


Electrolytic cell1

Main Uses Include:

1. Producing Substances (Electrolysis)

2. Purifying Metals

3. Electroplating

Which process occurs at the anode in an electrochemical cell?

1. the loss of protons

2. the gain of protons

3. the loss of electrons

4. the gain of electrons

Electrolytic Cell


Practice

Where does oxidation occur in an electrochemical cell?

1. at the cathode in both an electrolytic cell and a voltaic cell

3. at the anode in both an electrolytic cell and a voltaic cell

2. at the cathode in an electrolytic cell and at the anode in a voltaic cell

4. at the anode in an electrolytic cell and at the cathode in a voltaic cell

Which statement is true for any electrochemical cell?

1. Oxidation occurs at the anode, only.

2. Oxidation occurs at both the anode and the cathode.

3. Reduction occurs at the anode, only.

4. Reduction occurs at both the anode and the cathode.

Practice


Short answer question

Short Answer Question

Aluminum is one of the most abundant metals in Earth's crust. The aluminum compound found in bauxite ore is Al2O3. Over one hundred years ago, it was difficult and expensive to isolate aluminum from bauxite ore. In 1886, a brother and sister team, Charles and Julia Hall, found that molten (melted) cryolite, Na3AlF6, would dissolve bauxite ore. Electrolysis of the resulting mixture caused the aluminum ions in the Al2O3 to be reduced to molten aluminum metal. This less expensive process is known as the Hall process.Explain, in terms of electrical energy, how the operation of a voltaic cell differs from the operation of an electrolytic cell used in the Hall process. Include both the voltaic cell and the electrolytic cell in your answer.


Answer

A voltaic cell produces electrical energy by using a spontaneous redox reaction. An electrolytic cell uses electrical energy to drive a redox reaction that is not spontaneous.

ANSWER


Short answer question 2

Electroplating is an electrolytic process used to coat metal objects with a more expensive and less reactive metal. The accompanying diagram shows an electroplating cell that includes a battery connected to a silver bar and a metal spoon. The bar and spoon are submerged in AgNO3(aq).Explain the purpose of the battery in this cell.

Short Answer Question 2


Answer short answer 2

The electrolysis reaction

is not a spontaneous

reaction. Therefore, an

external source of energy (the battery) is needed to drive the reaction.

Answer Short Answer 2


Batteries

There are 3 Types of Batteries

1. Dry Cell: do not contain a liquid, instead has a paste

Inner case is the anode

Carbon rod+paste work as cathode

Batteries


Batteries1

1a) Primary Dry Cell:

Uses a redox rxn that is

NOT easily reversible

Batteries


Batteries2

1b) Secondary Dry Cell:

Uses a redox reaction that is reversible

These are rechargable batteries

Batteries


Batteries3

2) Lead Storage

Anode is Pb, Cathode is PbO2

Typically uses H2SO4

Operate well at extreme temps

Batteries


Batteries4

3. Lithium Batteries

Li is easily oxidized and generates more voltage

Last longer then most other batteries

Batteries


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