Comas part 3
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Comas part 3. Essential elements. Essential elements can be words, phrases, or clauses Essential elements give meaning to the sentence. Example: The sixth-century philosopher Boethius was arrested, tortured, and bludgeoned to death. Nonessential elements.

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Comas part 3

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Comas part 3

Comas part 3


Essential elements

Essential elements

  • Essential elements can be words, phrases, or clauses

  • Essential elements give meaning to the sentence.

  • Example:

  • The sixth-century philosopher Boethius was arrested, tortured, and bludgeoned to death.


Nonessential elements

Nonessential elements

  • Are not essential to the meaning of the sentence

  • Use commas before and after nonessential elements

  • Example:

  • The average world temperature, however, has continued to rise significantly.


Examples

Examples

  • The person checking tickets at the counter asked for a form of identification.

  • My uncle who is eighty years old walks three miles every day.

  • The woman who interviewed you is my sister.


Participles

Participles

  • Verbals that act as adjectives

  • Usually end in –ing or –ed

  • Example:

  • The soiled diaper.

  • Smiling, she hugged the drooling dog.


Participles1

Participles

  • If a sentence begins with a participle, add a comma.

  • Example:

  • Shaken, the man looked at the scene of the crash.


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