Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms
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Chapter 9 Sect. 1 & 2 : Germanic Kingdoms PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 9 Sect. 1 & 2 : Germanic Kingdoms. Outside Invaders. Visigoths had taken over Italy Ostrogoths took over Italy after the Visigoths Germanic Angles & Saxons moved to Britain Later becoming the Anglo- Saxons The only Germanic kingdom to last long was the Franks.

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Chapter 9 Sect. 1 & 2 : Germanic Kingdoms

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Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

Chapter 9 Sect. 1 & 2: Germanic Kingdoms


Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

Outside Invaders

  • Visigoths had taken over Italy

  • Ostrogoths took over Italy after the Visigoths

  • Germanic Angles & Saxons moved to Britain

    • Later becoming the Anglo- Saxons

  • The only Germanic kingdom to last long was the Franks


Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

The Role of the Church

  • Christianity had a become the supreme religion of the Roman Empire

  • Church developed a system of organization

    • Priests- headed local communities called Parishes.

    • Group of parishes was headed by the Priests

  • Bishop of Rome claimed the lead in the Roman Catholic Church


Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

The Role of the Church

  • Western Christians accepted the fact that the pope lead the church but could not agree on the amount of power

  • The power of the church would become a major debate throughout this time


Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

Charlemagne & Carolingians

Frankish king lost power to the Mayors of the Palace

Pepin, one of these mayors, assume the kingship position.

Charles the Great, Pepin’s son, or Charlemagne

He expanded the Frankish Kingdom into the Carolingian Empire.


Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

Charlemagne & Carolingians

Charlemagne power grew and was later crowned emperor of Rome.

His empire would cover much of Western and Central Europe.


Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

Feudalism

Soon after the death of Charlesmagne, Carolingian Empire soon began to fall apart.

Carolingian Empire was divided into three parts:

  • East Frankish lands

  • Middle Kingdom

  • Western Frankish lands


Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

Feudalism

Outside invaders began to chip away at what was left

  • Magyars- people from western Asia

  • Vikings- Scandinavian group from the north


Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

Feudalism

Development of Feudalism

  • Outside invader began to threaten the security

  • People began to turn to local landed aristocracy for protection

  • It became important to find a very powerful Lord to offer protection

  • Thus a new political system- Feudalism


  • Chapter 9 sect 1 2 germanic kingdoms

    Feudalism

    Development of Feudalism

    • Outside invader began to threaten the security

    • People began to turn to local landed aristocracy for protection

    • It became important to find a very powerful Lord to offer protection

  • Thus a new political system- Feudalism


  • Knights

    Knights

    • Armored cavalry

    • Expensive (horse, armor, weapons, & horse’s armor)

    • 7 = page ,13 = squire, 18-21 = knighted (if worthy)

    • Tournaments

    • Code of chivalry: defend the defenseless & the church, treat captives as guests, fight for glory

    • By 1500: technology took power & “knight” became a title of honor, not really military


    Social ladder

    Side note: clergy also fell within

    Within the ladder depending upon their rank

    Social Ladder

    Higher & lesser lords

    & peasants


    Castles

    Castles

    • Latin: castellum = fort

    • #1 purpose = defense

    • Feudal lord’s residence

    • Walls, motte, bailey, keep w/ great hall


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