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Measuring Legislative Oversight. Jonathan Bright j [email protected] The potential of parliamentary informatics. ‘Open’ data sources present a huge opportunity for political science

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Measuring legislative oversight

Measuring Legislative Oversight

Jonathan Bright

[email protected]


The potential of parliamentary informatics
The potential of parliamentary informatics

  • ‘Open’ data sources present a huge opportunity for political science

  • Can measure the previously unmeasurable and hence put existing theories about the functioning of parliaments to the test


Measuring oversight
Measuring Oversight

  • This project is about measuring one such concept: ‘oversight’

    • Crucial function of modern parliaments

  • Defined here as the scrutiny of individual pieces of legislation as they move through the legislative process


Previous measures
Previous measures

  • Single case studies or reviews of small amounts of legislation

    • Can’t speak to general trends

  • Very general measures based on for example the overall time to legislation

    • Little attention to the nuance of the parliamentary process


Measuring oversight1
Measuring Oversight

  • Four measures:

    • Speed of the process both overall and its individual stages

    • Committee debates

    • Substantive changes made to legislation

    • Roll call votes

  • Question: do bills relating to crime and security receive less scrutiny than other pieces of legislation?

  • Data based on the UK parliament, 1997-2012

    • Extracted from:

      • www.parliament.uk

      • www.legislation.gov.uk

      • www.publicwhip.org.uk


Speed
Speed

  • Average crime and security bill has become law before the average normal bill has passed through its second reading


Committees
Committees

  • Average crime and security bill has more committee sittings

  • …and these sittings generally last for longer


Amendments
Amendments

  • No statistical difference between amount of amendments

  • (python’s difflib used for calculation)


Vote

  • Largest cluster of crime and security votes in the bottom right hand corner


Conclusions
Conclusions

  • Crime and security bills have an expedited legislative process

    • But more legislative activity is packed into this time

  • A plea to those «opening parliament» – don’t forget about academics!

    • Bulk download options for data as well as APIs

    • Standard / easily decodable formats: XML and JSON as well as HTML and PDFs

    • Sunlight foundation / Theywork for you great examples of this


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