Theme 3: World Powers and International Tensions since 1918 Pathways to Power. The United States’ Pathway to becoming a world power. Key Questions. How has the notion of power been shaped and transformed by the United States in the twentieth century?
Theme 3: World Powers and International Tensions since 1918Pathways to Power
The United States’ Pathway to becoming a world power
B. Hard Power (military)
C. Soft Power (cultural, monetary)
pivotal policy statement defining the Allied goals for the post-war world.
drafted by the leaders of Britain and the United States (Roosevelt and Churchill), and later agreed to by all the Allies.
Atlantic Charter stated the ideal goals of the war:
The Bretton Woods Conference, (July 1944)
“The economic health of every country is a proper matter of concern to all its neighbors, near and far."
Definition: Group of non-coercive means, mostly cultural or ideological which a nation disposes to make another nation think in the same way.
Soft power is based on the power of conviction and not constraint
a proclamation issued by President James Monroe (1817-1825) to European nations stating that their colonization of the Western Hemisphere would be viewed as aggressive and provoke a US response.
In return, the US would not interfere in European affairs.
The Doctrine was made mainly for national security and to protect US business interests. However, the Doctrine was not always adhered to by European nations. Spain's occupation of Cuba was a great violation of the Doctrine, as Cuba is only 90 miles from the US and a great risk to US security and business with Cuba.
A.) The attempt to impose a Peace Settlement
Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points
Points 1 - 7
From U.S. intervention in the Russian Civil War to Lend-Lease