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Perceptions. “I tell you this tale, which is strictly true Just by way of convincing you How very little, since things were made Things have altered in the building trade” Rudyard Kipling, A truthful song A reputation deserved or undeserved?. ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY.

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slide1

Perceptions

“I tell you this tale, which is strictly true Just by way of convincing you How very little, since things were made Things have altered in the building trade”

Rudyard Kipling, A truthful song

A reputation deserved or undeserved?

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

slide2

The drivers of change

  • Technological factors
  • Organisational factors
  • Economic factors
  • Governmental influences
  • Societal/cultural influences
  • Clients have changed!
  • Many overlaps and interactions

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

slide3

Technological Change

  • The industry and its buildings

Structure and fabric – since mid 19th C

Building services – especially last 50 years

Construction methods – mechanisation, industrialisation

  • Society and industry generally
  • Information technology
  • Manufacturing, business processes etc taking place in buildings

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

slide4

Organisational Change

  • Increasing specialisation

Driven by technology, business strategy, legislation etc…

  • Separation of function
  • Especially design from construction
  • Growth of professional boundaries – 19th C
  • The professional “hierarchy”
  • Pressures for reintegration – 1970’s onwards

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

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Economic factors

  • The importance of the industry

6 to 7% of UK economic activity, >£50, 000 million p.a.

4 to 6% of UK employment

  • The economic cycle – “boom and bust”
  • Why construction suffers more and for longer
  • The industry as economic regulator

Governmental intention often overstressed

General economic controls affect industry hard

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

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Governmental Influences

  • Control of economy

See previous section

  • As client of the industry
  • Approx. 25% of output is commissioned by public sector
  • Current changes in procurement – PPP & PFI
  • Legislation & taxation

Direct impact - Planning, building regulations, safety

Indirect impact - Tax concessions, development areas etc…

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

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Societal Influences

  • Greater influence of general public

Less accepting of “authority” – government, professions…

Environmental consciousness – protest, “NIMBY’s”

(Slightly?) more even distribution of wealth

  • Broader cultural influences
  • Changing population, easier world travel
  • Entrepreneurial attitudes

Have varied with time

Increase in small businesses since late 70’s

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

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Changing clients

  • Growth of the corporate client

Compare 19th C importance of individual & sole trader

  • Globalisation
  • Changing market for business & clients they generate
  • Business priorities

Increasing concentration on time & cost performance

Less tolerant of failings – more litigious

  • Transfer of management methods

Project management, procurement methods…

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

slide9

Further reading

Many texts cover the technological changes in buildings and their influence on the industry’s structures, practices, social change etce.g. two books by BillRisebero, The story of western architecture, and Modern architecture & design: an alternative history.

Consideration of the specific role of the Architect inthese changes may be found in, amongst others: Saint, The image of the Architect, Yale UP and Kostof, Architecture, Oxford UP.

The current economic influences within and on the industry and the current state of the professions is covered by: Harvey & Ashworth, The construction industry of GB, Newnes

A venerable (1966) but venerated work on change and the industry as a whole is: Bowley, The British building industry, Cambridge UP worth a look if the topic interests you.

ARBE121 - CHANGE & THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

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