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CDERA. The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency. Managing Disaster with Preparedness. National Consultation on Shelter Management St. Kitts & Nevis March 20 – 21, 2001. Presented by: Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency – (CDERA). Managing Disasters with Preparedness.

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Cdera

CDERA

The Caribbean Disaster

Emergency Response Agency

Managing Disaster with Preparedness

National Consultation on Shelter

Management

St. Kitts & Nevis

March 20 – 21, 2001

Presented by:

Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency – (CDERA)


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Assessment of the Shelter Programme

in Saint Kitts and Nevis


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Terms of Reference

  • Assessment of Shelter

  • Initiatives in St.Kitts and Nevis

  • Discussions with national and local entities to determine status

  • Visit sample of designated shelters

  • Review documents e.g National

  • Disaster plan, Legislation other docs


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Outputs of Assessment

  • Information on current status

  • Shelter management issues

  • Recommendations for development and implementation of programme


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Methodology

  • Survey instrument designed

  • Visit to St Kitts and Nevis

  • Application of questionnaire and discussions with personnel involved in programme


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings

  • Shelter Body exists as a creature of NEMA

  • Shelter Body includes:

    • - Gov’t Bodies, PWD, Community and Social Development, Lands & Housing

    • - NGO – e.g Red Cross Salvation Army, Churches, Civic Groups


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Responsibility of Organisation

  • Shelters and their location

  • Shelter Managers

  • Long and short term plans

  • Training

  • Administrative issues

  • Security


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Sample of Shelters Visited

  • ST. KITTS

  • Stone Fort Estate

  • Industrial Park Day Care Centre

  • NEVIS

  • Netball Complex

  • Community Centre Bath


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Types of Facilities used as Shelters

  • Churches / Church Halls/Basements

  • Community Centres

  • Private buildings

  • Schools


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (con’t)

Shelter Capacity

Accommodation for 15 – 20

persons on average


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Amenities in Shelter

  • Most lacked emergency lighting

  • Water

  • Some have kitchen and sleeping facilities

  • All had toilets


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Maintenance and Selection

  • NEMA

  • Assessment by shelter inspection team

  • Approval for use

  • All had toilets


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Maintenance and Selection

  • Maintenance PWD for public buildings

  • Private shelters maintained by owner

  • Uncertainty re private shelter maintenance


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Provisioning of Shelters

  • NEMA 72 hours after activation

  • Special assistance to elderly with special


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Training

  • Training done by OFDA and CDERA

  • First Aid done by Red Cross

  • Training provided for Volunteers of Civic groups, government bodies, private sector


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Policy and Administrative Framework

  • National Disaster Plan

  • Legislation

  • No written Policy


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Lessons Learnt

  • Buildings were designated shelters in the Alert phase

  • Trained shelter mangers were unavailable during Hurricanes Georges and Lenny

  • Shelter occupancy ranged from days to months


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Findings (cont’d)

  • Lessons Learnt cont’d

  • Public awareness and education programme vital to the programme

  • Community personnel must have knowledge of issues

  • Politicians must be sensitized about the programme

  • Basic supplies must be provided for all shelters


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Recommendations

  • Shelter retrofitting programme

  • MOU development with collaborators

  • Development and approval of shelter policy and programme

  • Formalise arrangements re shelter management personnel


Cdera

Managing Disasters with Preparedness

Recommendations

  • 5.Extending of groups involved in Shelter selection team

  • Regular meetings of Shelter committee

  • 7.Development of Shelter manual

  • 8.Regular simulation exercises for shelter management


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