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GFTA-2. Goldman Fristoe 2 Test of Articulation. Originally published in 1969 1972 Updated to include Normative Information for ages 6-16+ 1986 Norms for Preschool children aged 2-5 were included. 1986 revision marked the 2 nd edition of the GFTA Currently the

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GFTA-2

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GFTA-2

Goldman Fristoe 2

Test of Articulation


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Originally published in 1969

1972 Updated to include Normative Information for ages 6-16+

1986 Norms for Preschool children aged 2-5 were included

1986 revision marked the 2nd edition of the GFTA

Currently the

GFTA 2 tests Clients ages 2-21

History


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Revised Features of GFTA

  • Target Words for Questionable Images & Culturally Specific Content were Dropped

  • New Art Work

  • Racial & Gender Balanced

  • Age Range Expanded to Meet Public Law Requirements (94-142, 99-457)


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GFTA 2 Description

  • Systematic means of Assessing Articulation of the Consonant Sounds of Standard American English

  • Samples both Spontaneous and Imitative Sound Production

  • Divided into 3 Sections

    • Sounds-in-Words

    • Sounds-in-Sentences

    • Stimulability


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Sounds-in-Words

  • 34 Plates

  • 53 Target Words

  • 61 Articulation Sounds

  • 16 Consonant Clusters

  • Initial, Medial, and/or Final Position


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Sounds-in-Sentences

  • Observes Spontaneous Sound Production

  • Based on Connected Speech

  • Retell 1 or 2 Simple Picture Based Stories


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Stimulability

  • Sounds from Previous Sections are Rehearsed only if Misarticulated

  • Examiner Models Sound and Examinee Imitates

  • If Done Correctly the Sound is Modeled in a Word in the Trouble Position

  • If Done Correctly Again the Sound is Placed in a Sentence to be Imitated


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Test Materials

  • Each GFTA 2 Kit includes:

    • Easel

    • Manual

    • 25 Response Forms

    • All Contained in a Stylish Canvas Bag


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Easel

  • 43 Picture Plates

  • Tabs for Quick Reference

  • Abbreviated Directions for Each Section

  • Folds into a Self-Standing Format for Presentation


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Manual

  • Administration

  • Recording of Responses

  • Information on Rationale & Development of the Test

    • Nation Wide Sample of 2,350 Examinees

    • Stratified to Match Gender & Race


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Response Form

  • 3 Grids, 1 For Each Section

  • Allows Side-by-Side Comparison of Responses


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Administration

  • Testing Environment

  • Un-timed Assessment

  • Examiner May Use All 3 Sections or do Any Combination of Each

    • Each Section Takes 5-15 minutes Depending on the Age of Examinee


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Recording

  • Level 1 Testing

    • If Target Sound is Produced Correctly Leave the Space Blank or Put a Check Mark

    • If Target Sound is Incorrect Mark with “X”

    • If Target Sound is NOT Elicited Mark With a Slash


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Recording

  • Level 2 Testing

    • Examiner Must Note the Misarticulation

      • Omission Use a Null Sign

      • Distortion Write 2 For a Mild Distortion, 3 for Severe

      • Addition Write the Additional Sound plus the Correct Sound

      • Examiner Can Record Errors by IPA Transcription or by Generic Notation


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Determining Raw Score

  • Make Sure All Errors Are Noted in the Appropriate Cells

  • Count Total Number of Errors

  • Record the Raw Score (0-77) on the Right Cover of the Response Form


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Scoring

  • Find Age in The Appendix in Manual

  • Locate Raw Score

  • Read Across to Determine Standard Score, Confidence Interval, & Percentile

  • Be Sure Your Scores are Gender Appropriate!

  • For Age Equivalence Locate Raw Score then Read Across to Determine


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Pros & Cons

Pros:

  • Nice Pictures

  • User Friendly

  • Covers All Sounds in A Concise Manner

  • Scoring Charts Are Easy to Read

    Cons:

  • Pictures May be Difficult for Young Children to Name

  • For examiner it May Be Difficult to Record Answers While Giving Test

  • For the Young Examinee the Sounds-in-Sentences Test May be Troublesome


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Thank You For Your Time and Attention!

Dr. Frank Kersting

Western Kentucky University


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