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Unit 7. Vital Signs Assessment. Vital Signs. Pulse Respiration Blood pressure Temperature. The Pulse. Reflects condition of patient’s circulatory system and cardiac function Pulse is found in the artery Vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the rest of the body

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Unit 7

Unit 7

Vital Signs Assessment


Vital signs
Vital Signs

  • Pulse

  • Respiration

  • Blood pressure

  • Temperature


The pulse
The Pulse

  • Reflects condition of patient’s circulatory system and cardiac function

  • Pulse is found in the artery

    • Vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the rest of the body

  • Absence of a pulse indicates cardiac arrest or death


The pulse1
The Pulse

  • Use fingers to palpate an artery to listen for the heartbeat

  • Normal pulse rate for an adult

    • 60-100 beats per minute

  • In a trained athlete

    • 50-60 beats per minute


Respiration
Respiration

  • Process of bringing oxygen into body

    • Used by cells

    • Expels carbon dioxide as a waste product from cells

  • Single respiration consists of one inspiration and one expiration


Respiration1
Respiration

  • General guidelines for normal rates are:

    • 15 years and older:

      • 15-20 breaths per minute

    • Well-trained athlete:

      • 6-8 breaths per minute


Respiratory patterns
Respiratory Patterns

  • Abdominal

  • Apnea

  • Bradypnea

  • Cheyne-Stokes respiration


Respiratory patterns1
Respiratory Patterns

  • Dyspnea

  • Hyperpnea

  • Kussmaul’s breathing

  • Labored breathing


Blood pressure
Blood Pressure

  • Systolic

  • Diastolic


Blood pressure terms
Blood Pressure Terms

  • Hypotension

    • Low blood pressure

  • Hypertension

    • High blood pressure


Blood pressure terms1
Blood Pressure Terms

  • Sphygmomanometer

    • Blood pressure cuff

    • Measures a person’s blood pressure along with a stethoscope


Body temperature
Body Temperature

  • Core temperature

    • Must remain within a relatively narrow range in order for the body’s various systems to function efficiently


Body temperature1
Body Temperature

  • Regulated by an area in the brain known as the hypothalamus

    • Group of cells monitors the temperature of the blood and responds to any change of temperature

  • Normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit


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