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The Judicial Branch. Which article of the Constitution describes the Judicial Branch?. Supreme Court. Nine members of the Court Chief Justice is leader Lifetime appointments Appointed by the _________________ and approved by the ____________.

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The Judicial Branch

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The Judicial Branch

Which article of the Constitution describes the Judicial Branch?

Supreme Court

  • Nine members of the Court

    • Chief Justice is leader

  • Lifetime appointments

  • Appointed by the _________________ and approved by the ____________.

"The Honorable Chief Justice and the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Oyez! Oyez! Oyez! All persons having business before the Honorable Supreme Court of the United States are admonished to draw near and give their attention, for the Court is now sitting. God save the United States and this Honorable Court!"

Federal Court Cases

  • The Constitution

  • Federal Laws

  • Disputes between States

  • Citizens from Different States

  • Federal Government

  • Foreign Governments & Treaties

  • Admiralty and Maritime Laws

  • U.S. Diplomats

Terry Sanford Federal Building

(New Bern Ave.)

Order of the Federal Courts

U.S. Supreme Court (1)

U.S. Court of Appeals (12)

Judiciary Act 1789

U.S. District Courts (94)

Types of Jurisdiction

U.S. Supreme Court

  • Original Jurisdiction: Hear a case for the first time

  • Appellate Jurisdiction: Hear a case that is appealed (Tried again)

  • Concurring Jurisdiction: Two courts have the same jurisdiction

  • Exclusive Jurisdiction: The only court that may hear the case

U.S. Court of Appeals

U.S. District Courts

Appeals Court Decisions

  • Uphold: Agree with the lower courts

  • Reverse: Change the decision of the lower courts

  • Remand: Return the case to the lower courts

Supreme Court Decisions

  • Majority Opinion: The winning opinion

  • Dissenting Opinion: The loosing opinion

  • Concurrent Opinion: Those that agree for a different reason

  • Unanimous Opinion: All justices vote the same way

Daily Procedures

  • Court Docket: Daily calendar for the court

    • Justices choose the cases they want to hear

  • Lawyers are only allowed to speak for 30 minutes

    • Prepare a brief: Written statement

  • Writ of Certiorari: ask a lower court for documents

You tell me!

Judicial Review

Stare Decisis

  • Latin “Let the decision stand”

  • Courts should follow precedents and not often change the rulings

Your Assignment

  • Create a poster-sized chart/map/graphic that explains the process for appointing a new Supreme Court Justice.

  • Remember!

    • Make sure you have the correct branches & groups listed correctly

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