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Human Biology B – Mrs. Yates. Disclosure Parent Permission Slip Rules Be on time Respect - talking No cell phones No complaining Don’t misuse hall pass. Human skeleton from Andreas Vesalius's Fabrica (1543). SKELETAL SYSTEM. Human B – Mrs. Yates. Bell Quiz Day 1.

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Human biology b mrs yates
Human Biology B – Mrs. Yates

  • Disclosure

  • Parent Permission Slip

  • Rules

    • Be on time

    • Respect - talking

    • No cell phones

    • No complaining

    • Don’t misuse hall pass


Skeletal system

Human skeleton from Andreas Vesalius's Fabrica (1543)

SKELETAL SYSTEM

Human B – Mrs. Yates


Bell quiz day 1
Bell Quiz Day 1

  • 1. How many bones do you think are in the human body?

  • 2. What is your largest bone?

  • 3. What is your smallest bone?

  • 4. Name five bones that you already know

  • 5. How many bones are you born with?


Bell quiz day 2
Bell Quiz Day 2

  • Define the following:

    • Anterior

    • Lateral

    • Posterior

    • Sagittal

  • Define the following vocab words:

    • Corac

    • Carp

    • Cervic

    • Cox

    • Condyl


Vocabulary
Vocabulary

  • 1. aur- 10. arthr(o)-

  • 2. –poiesis 11. carp-

  • 3. brachi- 12. cervic

  • 4. oss- 13. dia-

  • 5. burso 14. cox(a), pelv

  • 6. –genesis 15. dactyl, digit

  • 7. ax- 16. fov-

  • 8. front- 17. scolio

  • 9. corac- 18. condyl-


Axial skeleton
Axial Skeleton

  • Skull

  • Ribs

  • Vertebrae


Skull 22 bones
Skull – 22 bones

  • Two parts

    • Cranium bones - 8

    • Facial bones -14

    • Not fully developed at birth

    • Thickness ~ 2 mm


Cranium 8 bones that enclose the brain
Cranium (8)– bones that enclose the brain


Cranium
Cranium

  • A. Frontal bone

  • B. Parietal bone (paired)

  • C. Occipital bone

  • D. Temporal bone (paired)

  • E. Sphenoid (connects cranium to facial)

  • F. Ethmoid (roof and sides of the nasal passage)


Facial 14 bones not enclosing brain
Facial – (14) Bones not enclosing brain


Facial
Facial

  • G. Lacrimal (2)

  • H. Nasal Bone (2)

  • I. Zygomatic (2) Cheek bones

  • J. Maxilla (2) upper jaw

  • K. Mandible *Only movable joint in the skull.

  • M. Vomer – Nasal Septum Bone

  • N. Palatine (2)



Frontal bone
Frontal Bone

  • Contains 2 sinuses


Frontal damage
Frontal - damage

  • A) before surgery

  • B) CT scans

  • C) during surgery

  • D) reconstruction of frontal plates

  • E) two years after surgery



  • Unusually aggressive forms of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.


Occipital bone
Occipital Bone carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.


War of the roses 1491
War of the roses - 1491 carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.


Temporal 2
Temporal - 2 carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.


Temporal occipital region
Temporal- Occipital region carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.


Sphenoid pg 139 batman bone
Sphenoid carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.(pg. 139) Batman Bone

  • Contains sinuses


Ethmoid bone
Ethmoid bone carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.

  • Upper portion of nasal septum

  • Contains sinuses


Vomer bone
Vomer bone carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.

  • Bottom part of nasal septum


Sutures a b c
Sutures (a,b,c) carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.

  • Lines where bones meet, immovable joints.


Fontanels
Fontanels carcinoma are being increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection. We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with advanced HIV infection who presented with a highly aggressive SCC lesion over the scalp area with destruction of the underlying parietal bone and fulminant clinical progression.

  • Soft spots with no bones when babies are born. (Connective tissue)


  • As a fetus develops, its brain grows rapidly. The skull is growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.


Foramen magnum
Foramen Magnum growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Opening in occipital bone for spinal cord exit.


External auditory meatus
External Auditory Meatus growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Opening in temporal bone for ear canals


Styloid process
Styloid Process growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Sharp bone projection to help anchor muscles association with the tongue.


Mastoid process
Mastoid Process growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Projection from skull


Facial bones
Facial Bones growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.


Lacrimal 2
Lacrimal (2) growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Thin and scale like

  • Fragile

  • Near tear ducts


Nasal bone 2
Nasal Bone (2) growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Two rectangles that form the bridge of the nose


Zygomatic bone 2
Zygomatic Bone (2) growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Cheek bones.

  • ‘Zygomatic Arch’ connects to the temporal bone.


Maxilla 2
Maxilla (2) growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Form the floor of the nasal cavity and the roof of the oral cavity (hard palate).

  • Upper jaw


Mandible
Mandible growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Only moveable face bone


Ossicles
Ossicles growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Bones of the ear

  • Smallest bones in body

Malleus Incus Stapes

Hammer Anvil Stirrup


Hyoid
Hyoid growing as well but can not keep up. Fusion of the bones begins, but will complete after birth. A new born generally has 2 frontal bones, 4 occipital bones, and several sphenoid and temporal bones. These bones are held together by fontanels.

  • Attachment for movement of the tongue

  • doesn’t touch any other bones

  • Only floating bone


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