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The Non-Sustainability of Monocultures & From Bio-imperialism to Bio-democracy. By: Martin Matthew Zais. The Non-Sustainability of Monocultures. Monocultures dominate and will eventually strangle themselves ‘scientific forestry is harmful Undermines diversity and local knowledge

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By: Martin Matthew Zais

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By martin matthew zais

  • The Non-Sustainability of Monocultures &From Bio-imperialism to Bio-democracy

By: Martin Matthew Zais

The non sustainability of monocultures

The Non-Sustainability of Monocultures


  • Monocultures dominate and will eventually strangle themselves

  • ‘scientific forestry is harmful

    • Undermines diversity and local knowledge

  • ‘Sustainable’ yields are harmful

    • Create uniformity and collapse

    • Focused on economics of a forest

  • Normal forests have become abnormal


Natural processes

  • Uniform forests are harmful to natures processes

  • Drying of soil, erosion of the soil and rapid regressions

Natural Processes

Selective cutting

  • Selective cutting sounds like a good idea.

  • Logging operations must also build infrastructure which destroys forests.

    • In some logged forests only 33% of the trees remain unharmed.

  • Sustainable yields are in direct conflict with biological productivity

    • Forests afforestation rates have dropped 40%

Selective Cutting


  • They are exclusively planted – Corn of trees

  • Increased cash flow

  • Deplete natural ecosystems

  • Local cultures revolt

  • Peasants pulled millions of eucalyptus seedlings and replanted tamarind and mango seeds


Agricultural globalism

  • Native crops are well adapted

  • New pests do not come in with the plants

  • New superbugs/weeds

  • High yield require lots of water.

  • Inputs are sold like NPK

Agricultural Globalism

Democratizing knowledge

  • Shifting away from economics would help humans

  • Inconsistent with equity and justice

  • Reduces/minimizes the value of traditional knowledge

  • Disregards nature

Democratizing Knowledge

From bio imperialism to bio democracy

From Bio-imperialism to Bio-democracy

Ecology equity and efficiency

  • What bio-imperialism leads to 1.) ecological instability 2.) external control 3.) efficiency in one dimensional framework

  • Need to change monetary and harmful policies. Change will start at the large scale

  • Need to shift incentives from economic to democracy

Ecology, equity and efficiency

Who controls biodiversity

  • Gene rich Global South has given away biodiversity only to have it sold back to themselves.

  • Genes/property vs coevolution/relationships

  • Bio democracy acknowledges the intrinsic value of all life forms.

  • Need to protect property rights

Who controls biodiversity?

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