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Centre for Research Support and Technology Transfer - SFT. Commercial Exploitation of Inventions at the Technische Universität München. Dr. Alexandros Papaderos Inventor Consultant Technische Universität München. WIPO UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE:

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slide1

Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Commercial Exploitation of Inventionsat the Technische Universität München

Dr. Alexandros Papaderos

Inventor Consultant

Technische Universität München

WIPO UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE:

Subregional Workshop on Searching of

IP Information for University IP Coordinators

Vilnius, Lithuania

May 18 and 19, 2006

slide2

Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Outline

  • Short presentation of the Technische Universität München
  • Knowledge and Technology Transfer from Universities
  • Implementation of the Bayern Patent Project at the TUM
  • 3 success stories from the TUM

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

The Technische Universität München

  • founded in 1868 by King Ludwig II. as “Polytechnische Schule München”, since 1970: University
  • highly-modern research and teaching institution offering12 faculties as well as numerous scientific, educational and administrative facilities
  • four leaved model: Natural Sciences, Engineering, Life Sciences, Medical Science
  • interdisciplinary collaboration and innovation-promoting processes of a future-oriented approach
  • Nobel Prize Laureates, famous scientists and inventors including: Rudolf Diesel, Carl von Linde, Willy Messerschmitt, Emil Erlenmeyer, Hans Fischer, Robert Huber

© Dipl.-Biol. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

The Technische Universität München

Summer semester 2006

  • students: ca. 20,000, 30% female
  • freshmen: 4,800
  • graduates: 2,800
  • students from abroad: ca. 20%
  • 260 chairs, 440 professors
  • 8,500 staff (academic andnon-academic staff
  • total budget 2004: € 678.3 million
    • research funding: € 137.5 million
    • fundraising: € 81 million (endowed funds since 1998)
  • for further information, please see also: www.tum.de

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Knowledge and Technology Transfer

Knowledge and Technology Transfer is the connecting link between basic and applied research and between applied research and development

  • commercial utilization and economic exploitation of IPR, esp. patents, are one aspect of Knowledge and Technology Transfer between science and economy
  • licensing and sale of patents have a long tradition in the Anglo-Saxon countries (Research Corporation founded 1912 in the USA)
    • in other European countries (including Germany) the active commercial utilization and economic exploitation of IPR is now evolving

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

slide6

Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Technology Transfer from Universities

IPR:

  • licensing of IPR to companies (IPR remains the university)
  • sale and assignment of IPR to companies (IPR is assigned to the company)
  • provision of IPR to university start-up companies:
  • exclusive licensing (IPR remains with the university)
  • sale of IPR (IPR is assigned to the company)
  • sale or exclusive licensing of IPR; university obtains in return shares of the company (IPR is assigned to the company)
  • contract research and services offered by the universities

(in most cases IPR is assigned to the contractor)

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Technology Transfer through IPR

USA/Germany

  • USA
    • in 1980: ~ 250 patent applications (1980: Bayh-Dole Act)
    • in 1991: ~ 1,600 patent applications
    • in 2003: ~ 8,000 patent applications
  • Germany
    • before 2002: negligible amount of university patent applications
    • 2002: abolition of the “Professor’s Privilege”
    • in 2004 519 patent applications in the name of German universities, including technical colleges

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Technology Transfer through IPR

Benchmarking USA

  • AUTM Licensing Survey: Fiscal Year 2004 (approx. 195 institutions)
    • 16,871inventions reported (82% potentially patentable inventions)
    • 10,517new patents filed, 3,680 patents issued
    • 462new companies (in 52% of the cases institutions received an equity interest)
    • license income: 1.385billion US-$
  • since 1980: a total of more than 4,543companies, 2,671 still operating
  • since 1998: 3,114new products on the market

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Technology Transfer through IPR

The situation in Germany before the year 2002:

  • legal framework (“Professor’s Privilege”)
  • scientists in Germany focus more on publications
  • lack of interest from the inventors and universities for the patent system
  • lack of resources for the financing of patent applications, etc.
  • lack of infrastructure for patenting and commercial exploitation

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Bavarian Universities

and Technical Colleges

BavariaHigh-Tech

Initiative

Fraunhofer Patent Center

for the German Research

Commercial Exploitation

of University Inventions in Bavaria

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Promotion

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Starting pointsof the Bayern Patent Project

  • raise awareness for the importance of patents
  • promote and intensify the patent culture
  • provide funds for patenting and commercialising of inventions
  • provide infrastructure:
      • Inventor Consultants
      • Patent-
      • Licensing Bureau

e.g. at the TUM

at the Fraunhofer Patent Centre for the German Research (FhG-PST)

© Dipl.-Biol. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Mission of the Inventor Consultant at the TUM

  • the Inventor Consultant is the junction between inventors,TUM administration, Technology Transfer Agency (Bayern Patent Project),

industry etc.

e.g.:

  • consulting and support for the inventors
  • contact with high inventive potential research groups of the TUM
  • support for the identification of patentable research results
  • organisation of information events, conferences, workshops etc.
  • enforce the legal frame
  • mission is complemented by the Bayern Patent Project

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Mission of the Patent Bureau

  • evaluation of inventions (patentability, technical feasibility, economic exploitability)
  • recommendation to the TUM whether to claim or release the invention
  • instructing patent attorneys, supervising patent applications and patenting process
  • co-ordination regarding patenting strategy with the TUM according to business and market specific criteria (what kind of protection to apply for, in which countries, maintain applications etc.)
  • initiation of licensing activities by the Licensing Bureau
  • central database for patented technologies

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Mission of the Licensing Bureau

  • commercial exploitation of inventions covered by patent applications
  • co-ordination of the licensing strategy in co-operation with the TUM
  • drafting of technology offers
  • search for potential licensing partners
  • presentation of the invention at companies
  • negotiation of the conditions for the licensing agreement between TUM and industry partner
  • supervision of licensing agreements
  • balancing accounts of licensing revenues

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Special provisions for university employeesin the German Employees’ Inventions Act

  • University employee
  • decision, if and when to disclose the invention
  • in case of disclosure, obligation to:

 report the invention to the university

 indicate the disclosure date (normally two months before disclosure)

  • University
  • decision whether to claim the invention or release it (4 months)
  • in the case of claiming  obligation to file a patent application
  • in the case of realization of profits  obligation to compensate the inventor

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Workflow in case of a invention

  • inventor contacts the Inventor Consultant for (legal) advice
  • inventor reports his invention to the TUM
  • Bayern Patent Project evaluates the invention and gives a recommendation
  • TUM decides either to claim the invention or to release the invention to the employee
  • in the case of claiming: TUM files a patent application (mostly in Germany)
  • parallel to patenting the invention: commercial exploitation begins

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Promotion

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Sharing of revenues and costs

RevenuesCosts

Inventor30%0% !!!

TUM 45%10%

BayernPatent 25%100% !!!

1 : 50% for the academic group/institute/department

© Dipl.-Biol. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Statistical Data from the TUM

*

*:09/2000-12/2000

*: 194 inventions are made within the framework of industry research funding projects and are assigned to contractor

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Example of a successfully commercialized IPR I:

Spider Silks:

  • exceed the characteristics and properties of man-made materials
  • superior mechanical properties such as strength, toughness etc.

Self assembling spider silks

  • identification of a gene for the fabrication of nature-like spider silks
  • transfer in bacterial cells, which produce spider silks

Commercial applications:

  • medical products (i.e. as non allergic material in wound-closure systems, artificial ligaments, tendons)
  • textiles (i.e. protective clothing, parachutes, body armour, ropes, fishing nets)
  • cosmetics
  • leather and paper refinement

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Example of a successfully commercialized IPR II:

  • beercontaining xanthohumol : XAN Wheat Beer and
  • XAN Wellness Drink

Xanthohumol:

Xanthohumol from hop can dispose free radicals due to its antioxidant nature and can thus contribute to keep the somatic cells healthy

Special brewing method (pending patent application):

concentration of the natural active ingredient Xanthohumol is up to 15 times higher in the XAN Wheat Beer and up to 50 times higher in the alcohol-free XAN Wellness drink in comparison to usual wheat beers

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Example of a successfully commercialized IPR III:

ANTICALINS® technology:

  • ANTICALINS® are engineered ligand-binding proteins with antibody-like functions
  • therapeutic use in a variety of diseases, particularly in cancer and cardiovascular diseases
  • technology invented in a large part at the TUM and developed at PIERIS Proteolab AG
  • Cooperation and license agreement between TUM and PIERIS
  • PIERIS was founded in January 2001 – after being awarded the first prize in the Munich Business Plan Contest 2000
  • Laboratories and offices are located at Freising-Weihenstephan, well situated in the neighbourhood of the TU Munich life science campus

see also: www.pieris.biz

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Key Factors for a successfulIP- and TT-management

  • establishment of a systematic IP- and TT-management process
  • backup through the academic and administrative management in form of IP- and TT-guidelines
  • establishment of patent and licensing bureaus and use of all communication channels
  • information about possible IP-exploitation partners
  • further education of the staff members
  • professional contractual commitments for all IP- and TT-matters
  • soft factors: measures for establishing an IP-culture

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

AgreementsSupervision

Commercial Exploitation

Protection

Evaluation

Ongoing Activities

  • identification and evaluation of the market relevance of the invention
  • evaluation of protectability
  • check-up with existing patent portfolio
  • identification of exploitation strategies
  • development of exploitation strategies, e.g. licensing, transfer, start-up etc.
  • implementa-tion of the exploitation strategies
  • close contact to researchers
  • continuous analyzing of the research activities
  • screening of patent literature
  • IP-culture and infrastructure
  • patent application
  • defence against infringers
  • revenue management
  • monitoring of license agreements
  • legal problems

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Contact:

Dr. Alexandros Papaderos

Patent- and Licensing Bureau

Technische Universität München

Arcisstraße 19

80333 München

Tel.: +49 / 89 / 289-22611

E-Mail: [email protected]

internet: www.wimes.hr.tu-muenchen.de/erfinder.html

www.bayernpatent.de

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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Centre for Research Support

and Technology Transfer - SFT

Remotely Controlled Steerable Ball (US 6855028)

What is claimed is:1. A remote controlled ball amusement device adapted to aerodynamic change trajectory in mid-flight as it is propelled through air...

Thank you for your attention! Questions?

© Dr. Alexandros Papaderos, Inventor Consultant, Technische Universität München

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