China rejects european outreach
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China Rejects European Outreach. Modern World History. China Rejects European Outreach. Main Idea. Why It Matters Today. China’s independence from the West continues today, even as it forges new economic ties with the outside world.

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China Rejects European Outreach

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China rejects european outreach

China Rejects European Outreach

Modern World History


China rejects european outreach1

China Rejects European Outreach

Main Idea

Why It Matters Today

China’s independence from the West continues today, even as it forges new economic ties with the outside world.

  • Advances under the Ming and Qing dynasties left China self-contained and uninterested in European contact


Key terms to know

Key Terms to Know

  • Ming Dynasty

  • Hongwu

  • Yonglo

  • Zheng He

  • Manchus

  • Qing Dynasty

  • Kangxi


Ming dynasty 1368 1644 hongwu

Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644)Hongwu

  • son of a peasant

  • 1368-1398

  • southern China

    • lead the army that drove out the Mongols from China

    • Began reforms to help farm lands

    • Encouraged Chinese religious traditions


Ming dynasty 1368 1644 yonglo

Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644)Yonglo

  • victorious son of Hongwu

  • 1398-1424

  • royal court to Bejing

  • 7 voyages of exploration


Ming dynasty 1368 1644 zheng he

Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644)Zheng He

  • a Muslim admiral & explorer

  • 1371-1433

  • East Asia

  • Lead seven voyages

    • To impress the world with China’s power

    • To expand China’s tribute system


Ming foreign relations

Ming Foreign Relations

  • Official policy was isolation

  • Macao, Canton & Whampoa

  • 1500s

  • Why:

    • Confucian beliefs valued farming

    • Taxes on farming was lower than industry

  • Three ports were open to foreigners


Foreign interactions

Foreign Interactions

  • Chinese merchants smuggled goods

    • Silks, porcelain, and other valuable goods

    • From Europeans: silver,

  • Christian missionaries:

    • Brought European inventions

    • Italian Jesuit, Matteo Ricci


The qing dynasty

The Qing Dynasty

  • Manchus (took the name Qing)

  • Invaded China from the north

  • Beijing

  • 1600’s

  • corruption, poor rulers, & broke government

  • Ming dynasty was too weak


Qing dynasty kangxi

Qing Dynasty Kangxi

  • 1st ruler of the Qing Dynasty

  • Ruled for 60 years

  • Gave government positions to educated people. See chart

  • Welcomed Jesuits to his courts


Qing dynasty qian long

Qing DynastyQian-long

  • Ruled from 1736-1795

  • Greatest size and power - map

  • Fought against

    • Armed nomads

    • Christian missionaries

    • European merchants


Qing dynasty policy of isolation

Qing Dynasty Policy of Isolation

  • Saw themselves as “the Middle Kingdom”

  • European traders had to pay tribute

  • Only Dutch accepted condition

  • King George III

    • 1793

    • Lord George Macartney


Europe wanted

Europe wanted

  • Porcelain

  • Silk

  • Tea


Korea

Korea

  • Conquered by –

    • Manchus

    • Japanese

  • “Little Brother”

  • Strong national pride


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