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China Rejects European Outreach. Modern World History. China Rejects European Outreach. Main Idea. Why It Matters Today. China’s independence from the West continues today, even as it forges new economic ties with the outside world.

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China rejects european outreach

China Rejects European Outreach

Modern World History


China rejects european outreach1
China Rejects European Outreach

Main Idea

Why It Matters Today

China’s independence from the West continues today, even as it forges new economic ties with the outside world.

  • Advances under the Ming and Qing dynasties left China self-contained and uninterested in European contact


Key terms to know
Key Terms to Know

  • Ming Dynasty

  • Hongwu

  • Yonglo

  • Zheng He

  • Manchus

  • Qing Dynasty

  • Kangxi


Ming dynasty 1368 1644 hongwu
Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644)Hongwu

  • son of a peasant

  • 1368-1398

  • southern China

    • lead the army that drove out the Mongols from China

    • Began reforms to help farm lands

    • Encouraged Chinese religious traditions


Ming dynasty 1368 1644 yonglo
Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644)Yonglo

  • victorious son of Hongwu

  • 1398-1424

  • royal court to Bejing

  • 7 voyages of exploration


Ming dynasty 1368 1644 zheng he
Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644)Zheng He

  • a Muslim admiral & explorer

  • 1371-1433

  • East Asia

  • Lead seven voyages

    • To impress the world with China’s power

    • To expand China’s tribute system


Ming foreign relations
Ming Foreign Relations

  • Official policy was isolation

  • Macao, Canton & Whampoa

  • 1500s

  • Why:

    • Confucian beliefs valued farming

    • Taxes on farming was lower than industry

  • Three ports were open to foreigners


Foreign interactions
Foreign Interactions

  • Chinese merchants smuggled goods

    • Silks, porcelain, and other valuable goods

    • From Europeans: silver,

  • Christian missionaries:

    • Brought European inventions

    • Italian Jesuit, Matteo Ricci


The qing dynasty
The Qing Dynasty

  • Manchus (took the name Qing)

  • Invaded China from the north

  • Beijing

  • 1600’s

  • corruption, poor rulers, & broke government

  • Ming dynasty was too weak


Qing dynasty kangxi
Qing Dynasty Kangxi

  • 1st ruler of the Qing Dynasty

  • Ruled for 60 years

  • Gave government positions to educated people. See chart

  • Welcomed Jesuits to his courts


Qing dynasty qian long
Qing DynastyQian-long

  • Ruled from 1736-1795

  • Greatest size and power - map

  • Fought against

    • Armed nomads

    • Christian missionaries

    • European merchants


Qing dynasty policy of isolation
Qing Dynasty Policy of Isolation

  • Saw themselves as “the Middle Kingdom”

  • European traders had to pay tribute

  • Only Dutch accepted condition

  • King George III

    • 1793

    • Lord George Macartney


Europe wanted
Europe wanted

  • Porcelain

  • Silk

  • Tea


Korea
Korea

  • Conquered by –

    • Manchus

    • Japanese

  • “Little Brother”

  • Strong national pride


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