Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight
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Chapter 24: World War I Section 1: War Breaks Out in Europe Section 2: America Joins the Fight. D. WWI was not called World War I. It was called: “The Great War” because…. D. There had not been a major war among the world’s countries for almost 100 years – since:. D.

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Chapter 24: World War I Section 1: War Breaks Out in Europe Section 2: America Joins the Fight

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Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight

Chapter 24: World War ISection 1: War Breaks Out in EuropeSection 2: America Joins the Fight

D


Wwi was not called world war i

WWI was not called World War I

  • It was called: “The Great War” because…

D


There had not been a major war among the world s countries for almost 100 years since

There had not been a major war among the world’s countries for almost 100 years – since:

D


There are usually three reasons for fights

An underlying cause

An immediate cause

A spark

There are usually three reasons for fights:

  • And - there were many underlying causes for WWI

D


The spark that started wwi

The spark that started WWI:

  • Archduke Francis Ferdinand (from Austria –Hungary) was shot and killed

D


A imperialism

Definition: building an empire or trying to rule over other lands

There was competition for colonies in Africa and Asia and Germany felt it deserved more colonies

This is also sometimes called expansionism (9)

(A) Imperialism:

D


B nationalism

Definition: feelings of unity, pride, loyalty, and commitment to one’s country

Europeans had strong feelings of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward their own countries. They wanted to prove their nations were the best and placed their interests above all others. They were willing to fight for the causes they believed in.

(B) Nationalism:

D


C militarism arms races

Definition: competition to have the most / best weapons and military equipment

Many of these nations believed they needed a large military force. This is often called an “arms race.”

(C) Militarism / Arms Races:

D


D alliances

Definition: nations that have agreed to work together

Many alliances bound nations together. An attack on one nation forced all its allies to come to its aid.

(D) Alliances:

D


Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight

D


The two sides

The Central Powers (13)

Austria-Hungary

Germany

The Ottoman Empire

Bulgaria

The Allies (14)

Serbia

Russia

France

Great Britain

Italy

And seven others

The two sides:

D


World war i had a lot of new and different kind of fighting techniques

One of those was trench warfare (18).

Troops hid in rat infested trenches.

If there were “battles” they often killed thousands (the Battle of the Somme had 1.2 million casualties).

World War I had a lot of new and different kind of fighting techniques.

D


Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight

D


Some other new inventions

Some other new inventions:

  • Tanks

  • Machine guns

  • Poison gas

  • Fighter planes

  • U-boats

    (German submarines

    and submarine warfare (25))

D


Did america care

No – this war was 3000 miles away

There were no radios, planes, or much communications to average people in America.

The United States took a position of neutrality (28/36):

not taking sides

Did America care?

D


Is neutral good or bad

Both.

You can avoid any direct conflict.

But… both sides could come after you.

(no “protection”)

Is neutral good or bad?

D


There were some challenges to american neutrality

There were some challenges to American neutrality

D


American opinion

American Opinion

  • The United States had a lot of German immigrants.

  • We spoke English (and were their colony)

  • The French helped us in the Revolution

D


We had trade problems

We had trade problems

  • Should we trade mostly with Germany or England?

D


The germans were sinking a lot of our ships

The Germans were sinking a lot of our ships

  • The Lusitania (29) was a main example

D


The zimmerman note 32 was another

The Zimmerman Note (32) was another

D


Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight

D


Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight

D


Finally after the germans sank more of our ships war

Finally…. after the Germans sank more of our ships……. War!!!

  • President Woodrow Wilson (27) : “We must make the world safe for democracy”

    (He was so upset we had to go to war,

    he put his head on his desk and cried)

Wilson was a compassionate man. He knew many young American men would be killed. He didn’t approve of war.

D


Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight

The U.S. was not prepared for war.

We did not have enough soldiers, so the government had a draft.

Any male 21-30 signed up

Its not easy to say you’re going to be in a war and immediately start fighting (and especially in a far away place)

D


In america at first this was called the great war or the great adventure

In America at first this was called: “The Great War”or “The Great Adventure”

  • Most Americans had never been more than 50-100 miles from their homes.

  • But, the war was a lot different than they expected.

D


It took a year or so until we had enough troops trained deployed and ready to fight in europe

By that time WWI had been going on for 2-3 years.

But our troops did a lot to stop the German advance and even started to push them back some.

Most of this fighting was taking place in France.

It took a year or so until we had enough troops trained, deployed, and ready to fight in Europe.

D


Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight

D


There was fighting for about another year after we arrived

The turning point of the war was the Second Battle of the Marne.

By 1918 about 1.2 million U.S. soldiers were pushing the Germans back to Germany.

Fighting was always tough and casualties were usually high

WWI’s final battle left 26,000 Americans dead

There was fighting for about another year after we arrived

D


Finally the germans had to agree to peace and agreed to an armistice 59 63

An agreement to

stop fighting

About 8.5 million soldiers had died.

Another 21 million had been wounded.

Finally the Germans had to agree to peace and agreed to an armistice (59/63)

D


Chapter 24 world war i section 1 war breaks out in europe section 2 america joins the fight

During the course of World War One, eleven percent(11%) of France's entire population were killed or wounded! Eight percent (8%) of Great Britain's population were killed or wounded, and nine percent (9%) of Germany's pre-war population were killed or wounded! The United States, which did not enter the land war in strength until 1918, suffered one-third of one percent (0.37%) of its population killed or wounded.

D


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