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First Phase of the Central Asia South Asia Regional Electricity Market (CASAREM). March 2012. The CASAREM Vision. Kazakhstan. Reserves. :. Oil. 30 billion bbl. Natural Gas. 8 5. TCF. Coal. 31.3 billion tons. Kyrgyz. st. an. Hydro Power. 20,000 M. W. Reserves. :. Oil.

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First Phase of the Central Asia South Asia Regional Electricity Market (CASAREM)

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First phase of the central asia south asia regional electricity market casarem
First Phase of theCentral Asia South Asia Regional Electricity Market (CASAREM)

March 2012


The casarem vision
The CASAREM Vision


Central asian republics are endowed with vast energy resources

Kazakhstan

Reserves

:

Oil

30 billion bbl

Natural Gas

85

TCF

Coal

31.3 billion tons

Kyrgyz

st

an

Hydro Power

20,000 M

W

Reserves

:

Oil

0.04 billion bbl

Natural Gas

0.2 TCF

Coal

0

.9

billion tons

Hydro Power

26

,

0

00 M

W

Uzbekist

an

Reserves

:

Oil

594

m

illion bbl

Natural Gas

66

TCF

Coal

3.3

billion tons

Hydro Power

1

,

7

00 M

W

Turkmeni

stan

Taji

kist

an

Reserves

:

Reserves

:

Oil

600

m

illion bbl

Oil

0.01 billion bbl

Natural Gas

280

TCF

Natural Gas

0.2 TCF

Coal

Modest

Coal

3.6

billion tons

Hydro Power

Modest

Hydro Power

40

,

0

00 M

W

Central Asian Republics are Endowed with Vast Energy Resources



First phase of the central asia south asia regional electricity market casarem

CASA-1000, the First Phase of CASAREM, would Support 1,300 MW of Clean Electricity Trade Between Central Asia (Kyrgyz Republic & Tajikistan) and South Asia (Afghanistan & Pakistan)


Project components
Project Components MW of Clean Electricity Trade Between Central Asia (Kyrgyz Republic & Tajikistan) and South Asia (Afghanistan & Pakistan)

  • 500 kV line Datka-Khudjand (477 km), with Tajik network transferring Kyrgyz exports to Sangtuda

  • Tajikistan Grid Strengthening

  • 1300 MW AC-DC Convertor Station at Sangtuda

  • 750 km HVDC line Sangtuda-Kabul-Peshawar

  • 300 MW Convertor Station at Kabul (with both import & export capability)

  • 1300 MW DC-AC Convertor Station at Peshawar


A challenging but transformative project
A Challenging but Transformative Project MW of Clean Electricity Trade Between Central Asia (Kyrgyz Republic & Tajikistan) and South Asia (Afghanistan & Pakistan)


Significant benefits to all countries
Significant Benefits to all Countries MW of Clean Electricity Trade Between Central Asia (Kyrgyz Republic & Tajikistan) and South Asia (Afghanistan & Pakistan)


Feasibility study update confirms soundness of project
Feasibility Study update confirms Soundness of Project MW of Clean Electricity Trade Between Central Asia (Kyrgyz Republic & Tajikistan) and South Asia (Afghanistan & Pakistan)


First phase of the central asia south asia regional electricity market casarem

Estimates of Summer Surplus based on Existing Generation Projects Only

Combined Surplus (GWh) in the base case would reduce every year

Summer Surplus, in the base case scenario, has been estimated by using:

Generation from existing plants only over the projection period; and

The countries’ demand based on GDP growth and other relevant factors.

Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan have been exporting power to neighbors (up to 2.5 TWh annually ) and spilling water from the reservoirs without any generation.


Feasibility study demand forecast higher than other studies estimates
Feasibility Study Demand forecast Higher than Projects Only Other Studies Estimates


Casa 1000 is economically viable even with conservative estimates of surplus
CASA-1000 is Economically Viable Even with Conservative Estimates of Surplus

  • The base case economic analysis gives a

    Benefits to Cost ratio of 1.34 and EIRR1 of 15.6% {excludes benefits of GHG reduction and Telecom connectivity).

  • Sensitivity:

    New generation added enabling a constant yearly exportable surplus of 4 TWh -

    Benefits to Cost ratio of 2.11 and EIRR of 20.8%

  • Sensitivity:

    Opportunity cost of US$ 0.20/kWh for Pakistan - Benefits to Cost ratio of 2.89 and EIRR of 31.9%

    1- EIRR: Economic internal rate of return.




Major milestones
Major Milestones exporting countries



Next steps
Next Steps exporting countries


Donor participation
Donor Participation exporting countries

The US State Department, AusAid, DFID, ADB, Islamic Development Bank, USAID, IFC and the World Bank are among the donors who have supported pre-preparation activities of the project to-date.

  • Donors who attended the Sept 2011 IGC Meeting in Bishkek include: Islamic Development Bank, JICA, KfW, Eurasian Development Bank, DFID, EBRD, IFC, USAID, US State Dept, Russia, China.


First phase of the central asia south asia regional electricity market casarem

CASA-1000 Project Timeline 2006- exporting countries 2013

2006-2008

2009 - 2011

2012-2013


First phase of the central asia south asia regional electricity market casarem

World Bank Engagement in Energy and Water exporting countries

  • Around US$ 3 billion in energy-water project investment commitments

  • Development Policy Operations (DPOs) to advance fundamental energy policy reforms at the national level – Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan

  • Analytical, institutional development and investment support being provided under the umbrella of the Central Asia Energy Water Development Program

  • Kyrgyz Republic

  • Improving water management systems

  • Urgent rehabilitation of generation assets, electricity , gas and heat distribution

  • Winter energy support

  • Policy Operations – for energy development strategy, tariff reforms, and energy governance

  • Tajikistan

  • Fergana valley water resources & watershed management

  • Policy Operations – budget control, tariff and governance reforms

  • Climate resiliency pilot- Adaptation investments

  • Energy loss reduction

  • Winter energy management support

  • Power supply options study; Assessment study for proposed RogunHPP & Rehabilitation for NurekHPP

  • Afghanistan

  • Improve electricity supply and access in major towns on the North East Power system ;

  • Improve revenue collection and distribution efficiency.

  • Rehabilitate power generation capacity (e.g.Naghlu, Mahipar)

  • Demand side energy efficiency

  • Irrigation rehabilitation

  • Pakistan

  • Reduce excessive dependence on costly imported oil by expanding indigenous hydropower (e.g. Tarbela) and improving efficiency of gas supply.

  • Improving sector financial condition and strengthening the sector, jointly with other development partners.

  • TA for capacity building on all aspects of water resource management including feasibilities of new hydro.

  • Regional Programs

  • Central Asia – South Asia (CASA) electricity exports

  • Analytic work with regional institutions – International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (IFAS) Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC)

  • Afghanistan-Pakistan trade facilitation and customs Reforms


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