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Ecology Week 2. Chapter 51: Behavioral Ecology J Liu September ____, 2008. Ethology. Study of how animals behave. Movement. Kinesis Taxis Migration. Communication. Pheromones Bird Songs. Fixed Action Pattern. Innate Sign stimulus. Imprinting. Sensitive period Learned and innate.

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Ecology week 2

Ecology Week 2

Chapter 51: Behavioral Ecology

J Liu

September ____, 2008


Ethology
Ethology

  • Study of how animals behave


Movement
Movement

  • Kinesis

  • Taxis

  • Migration


Communication
Communication

  • Pheromones

  • Bird Songs


Fixed action pattern
Fixed Action Pattern

  • Innate

  • Sign stimulus


Imprinting
Imprinting

  • Sensitive period

  • Learned and innate


Learning
Learning

  • Habituation

  • Spatial Learning—landmarks

  • Cognitive Maps

  • Associative Learning

    • Classical Conditioning

    • Operant Conditioning

  • Cognition/Problem Solving

  • Genetic/Environmental Influence


Social learning
Social Learning

  • Mate Choice Copying

  • Alarm Calls


Foraging behavior
Foraging Behavior

  • Optimal foraging theory

    • Energy

    • Predators


Mating behavior
Mating Behavior

  • Mating Systems

    • Promiscuous

    • Long-term: monogamous, polygamous

  • Mate Choice/Competition

    • Agonistic Behavior


Inclusive fitness and altruism
Inclusive Fitness and Altruism

  • Altruism—helping other individual at personal expense

  • Inclusive Fitness (Hamilton’s Rule/Kin Selection)

  • Reciprocal Altruism


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