6. Ethical Issues in Productivity & Stewardship: Agricultural Water Use. Larry D. Sanders Spring 2002. Dept. of Ag Economics Oklahoma State University. INTRODUCTION. Purpose: to understand the ethical issues related to agricultural water use Learning Objectives:
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6. Ethical Issues in Productivity & Stewardship: Agricultural Water Use
Larry D. Sanders Spring 2002
Dept. of Ag Economics Oklahoma State University
1. To review an ag water use case study, identifying the
situation, causes, ethical issues and alternatives.
2. To understand the nature of ag water use as an example
of the larger issue of productivity vs. stewardship.
3. To become aware of generic issues related to water use
and water quality, recognizing the ethical choices
embedded in the public & private alternatives.
4. To become aware of the process of finding “common
ground” as an alternative for resolution.
WHEN PRIVATE DECISIONS AFFECT OTHER PEOPLE OR THINGS
Finding “Common Ground” thru
May be private, public or both
May be direct, thru an intermediary or both
1. Do nothing--Harmed person(s)
--Harmed person/ species pays less/none
responsibility--Harmed person/ species pays less/none
Bull in the neighbor’s field
Odor from a large hog farm
Draining a wetland
Closing a school or hospital
New farm/business brings jobs & economic activity
Some folks lose: -higher cost of living? -lower quality of life? -stress infrastructure
Some folks benefit: -more income; -more profit opportunities; -more “vibrant” community
1. Free market?
--Affected parties work it out
--Possibly thru courts
--Create markets for transfer of property rights (water use, easements, oil/ mineral rights, air quality)
4. Government incentives?
5. Government production of environmental quality?
--Create alternative ecosystems (wetlands, forests, ponds, lakes, canals)
6. Moral suasion?
--Smokey the Bear
--Pinky the Pig(???)