Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind
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Carbon Trust’s Offshore Wind Accelerator Driving down the cost of offshore wind. Phil de Villiers Offshore Wind Accelerator Manager. Our mission is to accelerate the move to a low carbon economy. We cut carbon now by Providing specialist advice and finance to help organisations cut carbon

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Carbon Trust’s Offshore Wind Accelerator Driving down the cost of offshore wind

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Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind

Carbon Trust’s Offshore Wind AcceleratorDriving down the cost of offshore wind

Phil de Villiers

Offshore Wind Accelerator Manager


Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind

Our mission is to accelerate the move to a low carbon economy

  • We cut carbon now by

    • Providing specialist advice and finance to help organisations cut carbon

    • Setting standards for carbon reduction

  • We cut future carbon emissions by

    • Opening markets for low carbon technologies

    • Leading industry collaborations to commercialise technologies

    • Investing in early stage low carbon companies


  • Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind

    In 2008 Carbon Trust assessed barriers to offshore windOffshore wind power: Big challenge, big opportunity

    • Focus of assessment

      • What is required to deliver offshore wind in the UK?

      • What does UK Government and industry need to do?

    Note: Report is available on our website: www.carbontrust.co.uk


    Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind

    UK faces an energy gap and tough renewable energy targetThis requires mass deployment of offshore wind

    Installed capacity, projected demand (GW), 2008-2020

    % of UK energy from renewables, 2005-2020

    Projectedpeak demand

    Energy gap

    8x increase required

    Renewables

    Nuclear

    Gas

    Coal

    2008

    2010

    2015

    2020

    2005

    2010

    2020 target

    Source: Committee on Climate Change, 2008 (based on DECC Energy Model)


    Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind

    A

    Increased RD&D critical for delivering cost reduction

    Weak commercial returns, high levels of public subsidy

    Stronger commercial returns, lower levels of public subsidy

    £75bn

    £16bn

    £14bn

    £45bn

    Requires major RD&D programme, of which OWA is one component

    Current expectation

    Optimal site availability

    Cost reductions

    Achievable goal

    Source: Carbon Trust “Offshore wind power: big challenge, big opportunity”, 2008


    Costs must be reduced otherwise projects cancelled uk renewable targets missed

    Costs must be reducedOtherwise projects cancelled, UK renewable targets missed

    Cost per MW installed (€m/MW)

    • Drivers

    • Rising commodity prices

    • Bottlenecks in supply chain

    • Complexity of sites, distance, depth

    • FX rate volatility

    Rhyl Flats

    Robin Rigg

    Burbo

    North Hoyle

    Gunfleet Sands

    Lynn

    Kentish Flats

    Scroby Sands

    Barrow

    Year

    Source: Emerging Energy Research, 2009


    Offshore wind accelerator objective reduce cost of energy by 10 through rd d

    Offshore Wind AcceleratorObjective: Reduce cost of energy by 10% through RD&D

    Offshore Wind Accelerator

    • 8 developers + Carbon Trust

    • Focusing on technologies for

      • Round 2 extensions

      • Round 3

      • Scottish Territorial Waters

    • Total budget ~£40m

      • £10m for collaborative R&D

      • Up to £30m for demonstrations

      • Carbon Trust funds 1/3

    • Commitment to 2014

      • Started October 2008


    Owa objectives requires very targeted rd d

    OWA objectivesRequires very targeted RD&D

    • Focus on commercial outcomes

      • Reduce cost of energy by 10%

      • Deliver innovations in time for Round 3 (~2015)

    • Learn from the capabilities and experiences of each member

      • Offshore wind, oil and gas, onshore wind

    • Encourage the best designers to deliver innovations

      • Engage them on very specific challenges

      • Let them keep their IP

      • Look internationally, not just to UK

      • Engage with other industries for technology transfer

    • Operate responsively to member needs; manage costs effectively


    Owa is an example of market pull innovation

    OWA is an example of market-pull innovation

    Two approaches to innovation

    UK offshore wind R&D customer-driven

    Innovators

    Market

    Technology push

    • Research-focused

    • May not meet customer needs

    Marketpull

    • Customer-focused

    • Innovators focus on main challenges

    Offshore Wind Accelerator

    Source: Carbon Trust 2011


    Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind

    7

    60% of UK market is in OWA: big pull for innovatorsOWA developers have 30GW of licensed capacity in UK waters

    Developer

    Round 1

    Round 2

    STW & Demo

    Round 3

    Total market

    12%

    8%

    2,202

    24%

    3,750

    12%

    6,555

    14%

    1%

    5%

    1,518

    26%

    3,983

    12%

    6,015

    12%

    16%

    1,430

    16%

    4,185

    13%

    5,809

    12%

    3%

    1,500

    26%

    3,600

    11%

    5,350

    11%

    20%

    5%

    1%

    3,600

    11%

    4,396

    9%

    0%

    2,406

    26%

    2,884

    6%

    2%

    2,250

    7%

    2,408

    5%

    2%

    0%

    2,250

    7%

    2,408

    5%

    0%

    6%

    2,000

    6%

    2,360

    5%

    2,000

    6%

    2,000

    4%

    0%

    3%

    0%

    1,733

    5%

    1,985

    4%

    20%

    7%

    5%

    1,809

    4%

    16%

    1%

    1,238

    3%

    3%

    2%

    3%

    2%

    7%

    1%

    7%

    1%

    2%

    0%

    7%

    0%

    1%

    OWA Stage II partners

    Source: RenewableUK (Jan 2010), The Crown Estate (May 2010)


    Focus is on areas developers most able to influence

    Focus is on areas developers most able to influence

    Turbine

    Yield

    Cost of finance

    O&M

    I&C

    BoP


    Aiming to reduce impact of distance and depth on cost

    Aiming to reduce impact of distance and depth on cost

    Wind speed

    Distance

    Depth

    CoE as % typicalnear-shore site

    <700

    700-800

    800-900

    900+

    0-12

    12-30

    30-60

    60+

    0-20

    20-40

    40-60

    Distance to shore (nm)

    Depth (m)

    Wind power (W/m2)

    Note: Cost analysis for <700 W/m2 wind power, where 100% = £97/MWh (2008 assumptions)

    Source: Carbon Trust “Big Challenge, Big Opportunity” 2008


    Research performed within technical working groups innovation is provided by third parties

    Research performed within Technical Working GroupsInnovation is provided by third-parties

    Steering Committee

    Carbon Trust Management Team

    Foundations

    Wake Effects

    Access

    Electrical

    125+ people

    Technical

    Working Group

    Technical

    Working Group

    Technical

    Working Group

    Technical

    Working Group

    Innovators, designers

    Innovators, designers

    Innovators, designers

    Innovators, designers

    500+ companies

    OWA partners

    Carbon Trust

    3rd party contractors


    Many companies engaged by owa to deliver innovation

    Many companies engaged by OWA to deliver innovation

    Wake effects

    Foundations

    Electrical systems

    O&M

    Developers

    Designers

    Fabricators

    Installers


    Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind

    Common

    Partner “A” participation

    Other Partners’ Projects

    Two types of activity: Common R&D and Discretionary ProjectsPartners opt-in to participate in Discretionary Projects

    2010

    2011

    2012

    2013

    2014

    Foundations

    Wake Effects

    Common R&D

    Electrical

    ATL

    New area 1

    New area 2

    Demo proj. 1

    Selected Demo proj. 2

    Discretionary projects

    Selected Demo proj. 3

    Selected Demo proj. 4

    Selected Demo proj. 5

    ETC


    Some important stakeholders for owa

    Some important stakeholders for OWA

    Funders

    OWA

    R&D institutes

    WTG OEMs

    F

    A

    W

    E

    Innovators, designers

    Finance community


    Owa focuses on strengthening economics of offshore wind

    OWA focuses on strengthening economics of offshore wind

    Offshore wind returns

    CAPEX

    OPEX

    Yield

    Financing costs

    Foundations

    Access

    Electrical systems

    Wake effects

    Four technology areas, selected on basis of detailed analysis of over 70 technical barriers


    Most of uk licenced capacity is in 20 60m depths

    1

    Foundations

    Most of UK licenced capacity is in 20-60m depths

    Round 1, 2 and 3potential installedcapacity (MW)

    0-10

    580

    10-20

    835

    1,340

    20-30

    5,880

    6,260

    30-40

    6,050

    6,220

    40-50

    50-60

    Round 3

    Round 2

    60-70

    Round 1

    Depth (m)

    Source: Crown Estate 2009


    Carbon trust s offshore wind accelerator driving down the cost of offshore wind

    Foundations

    Turbine installation rates will need to increase dramatically Number of turbines installed per year 2003 - 20201

    One new turbineinstalled every 11 days

    One new turbineinstalled per day

    2.5 new turbines installed per day

    Actuals

    Modelled

    2003

    2004

    2005

    2006

    2007

    2008

    2009

    2010

    2011

    2012

    2013

    2014

    2015

    2016

    2017

    2018

    2019

    2020

    Over 6,000 turbines to beinstalled over 10 years

    1. Number of turbines calculated from actual and forecast installed capacity figures, assuming 3MW turbines 2003 – 2013, and 5MW turbines from 2014

    Source: Carbon Trust “Offshore wind power: big challenge, big opportunity”, 2008; Carbon Trust analysis 2010


    Foundations research area focuses on 30 60m

    Foundations

    Foundations research area focuses on 30-60m

    Shortlist

    Finalists

    Current focus

    Fabrication

    Keystone

    Airbus A320

    Gifford / BMT /Freyssinet

    Installation

    SPT Offshore

    IHC

    Demonstration

    MBD

    Source: Carbon Trust Offshore Wind Accelerator 2010, IHC


    Electrical systems opportunity higher voltage arrays

    Electrical Systems

    Electrical systems opportunity: higher voltage arrays

    • Current priorities

    • Engaging cable suppliers to deliver higher voltage cables

    • Optimising design of switchgear, transformers

    • Benefit

    • Improved reliability

    • Lower losses

    Source: Carbon Trust Offshore Wind Accelerator 2010


    More accurate models are being developed increases wind farm yields and reduces financing costs

    More accurate models are being developedIncreases wind farm yields and reduces financing costs

    Coloured lines represent different models or model variants

    Wake Effects

    • Next steps

    • Develop more accurate wake effects models

    • Develop tools to optimise layouts

    • Measurement campaign to reduce data collection costs

    Source: Carbon Trust Offshore Wind Accelerator 2010


    Access competition to increase availability and safety over 450 designs entered

    Access Systems

    Access competition to increase availability and safetyOver 450 designs entered

    Challenge: improve access in tough metocean conditions

    New technologies required to implement optimal strategies

    Transfer systems

    Vessels

    Launch & recovery systems

    Source: Carbon Trust Offshore Wind Accelerator 2010


    Some excellent r d is being performed in europe examples

    Some excellent R&D is being performed in EuropeExamples

    • Denmark – Risø

    • Germany – RAVE, Fraunhofer

    • Netherlands – ECN, FLOW

    • Norway – NOWITECH

    • Sweden – Vindforsk III

    • UK – ETI, NAREC


    Greater collaboration is needed reduce duplication increase efficiency

    w

    Greater collaboration is neededReduce duplication, increase efficiency

    No. projects

    Turbine development

    Grid integration

    Foundations

    Ecosystem

    Wind resource assessment

    Wake effects

    Access / O&M

    Electrical systems

    Floating wind turbine

    OWA focus area

    Source: Carbon Trust analysis 2010


    Conclusions

    Conclusions

    • We are focusing our RD&D efforts on the needs of end users

      • Cost reduction in site conditions applicable to EU market

  • RD&D is essential for driving down cost of offshore wind

    • Strengthens economic returns

    • Reduces financing costs

    • Reduces costs to consumers

    • Accelerates deployment

  • Greater collaboration would benefit everyone

    • Avoids duplication and reinvention


  • Phil de villiers offshore wind accelerator manager phil devilliers@carbontrust co uk

    Phil de VilliersOffshore Wind Accelerator [email protected]


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