CO-GENERATION - AN INDIAN MODEL VINAY KUMAR MANAGING DIRECTOR. National Federation of Co-operative Sugar Factories Ltd. New Delhi (INDIA). OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION. Co-generation Indian Energy Scenario Renewable Energy Development Power Generation from Renewal source of Fuel
CO-GENERATION - AN INDIAN MODEL
National Federation of
Co-operative Sugar Factories Ltd.
New Delhi (INDIA)
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
NEED FOR CO-GENERATION
Power is the basic need for any activity. The growth of economy calls for commensurate growth in the infrastructure facilities.
India is facing a very significant power deficit today to- the tune of 20,000 MW (18% of peak deficit). Besides the above, it is estimated that requirement of fossil fuel shall be as under :-
Most of this energy consists of non-renewable sources and thereby in effect unsustainable.
BENEFITS OF CO-GENERATION
For the Power utility & National Economy
INDIAN ENERGY SCENARIO
INSTALLED POWER SCENARIO
• TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY : 1,48,265 MW
• GROSS GENERATION: 640 billion units
• PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION : 620 kWh/ annum
• ENERGY SHORTAGE : about 8%
• PEAK SHORTAGE : about 18 %
POWER GROWTH PERSPECTIVE
* Electricity demand growing @ 8% annually
* Capacity addition of about 92,000 MW required in the next 10 years
* Challenge to meet the energy needs in a sustainable manner
THE CHALLENGE & VISION
*India is facing formidable challenges in meetings its energy needs and providing adequate energy of desired quality in a sustainable manner and at a reasonable costs.
*To meet the above challenge, Government of India took the decision to develop 10% power from renewable source by 2012.
*The Government vision is to provide power to all citizens.
RENEWABLE ENERGY IN INDIA - POTENTIAL
Wind Power - 48000 MW
Small Hydro - 15000 MW
Biomass Power - 16000 MW
Bagasse Cogen - 5000 MW
Solar Energy - 20 MW/Sq Km
Waste to Energy - 2500 MW
TYPES OF BIOMASS WHICH CAN BE USED
• Agricultural Field Residues
• Agro Industrial Residues
• Wood from plantation
• Waste wood from industrial operations
STATE WISE POTENTIAL OF CO-GENERATION IN
STATE WISE STATUS OF CO-GENERATION
PROMOTIONAL INCENTIVES FOR BIOMASS PROJECTS
*Accelerated depreciation 80% in first year (boiler and turbine)
*Income Tax holiday under section 80 1A for 10 years.
*Concessional import duty, excise duty exemptions on equipments & components required for initial setting up of the project.
*Sales tax exemption in some states.
*IREDA provide loan for biomass power / co-generation projects.
*Preferential tariff in 14 states.
*Ministry of Food provide concessional loan for Co-generation project @ 4% to the 40% of the project cost.
*Ministry of New and Renewable Energy also grant capital subsidy @ 60 lacs per MW upto the maximum of 8 crores per project.
INDIAN MODEL OF CO-GENERATION.
A-CASE STUDY - EXISTING 5000 TCD SUGAR PLANT
RETURN ON INVESTMENT:-
Thus, the return on investment is less than 3 years.
B-CASE STUDYNEW 5000 TCD SUGAE PLANT
MAIN EQUIPMENTS AND THEIR COST:-
RETURN ON INVESTMENT (Power Export):-
EXECUTION OF TIME REQUIRED
Performance of the Haidergarh Chini Mills (a unit of Balrampur Chini Mills Ltd.) a 5000 TCD plant for 3 years is given below for reference purpose only.
OVERALL VIEW OF POWER PLANT
VIEW OF BOILER
VIEW OF ALTERNATOR
VIEW OF COOLING TOWER
VIEW OF SWITCH YARD 11kv/132 kv
NATIONAL FEDERATION OF COOPERATIVE SUGAR FACTORIES LIMITED
‘ANSAL PLAZA’ BLOCK-C, 2ND FLOOR
AUGUST KRANTI MARG,
NEW DELHI-110049 (INDIA)
Tel. : 26263425, 26263436, 26263696
Fax : 011-26263658, e-mail : [email protected]