CO-GENERATION - AN INDIAN MODEL
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CO-GENERATION - AN INDIAN MODEL VINAY KUMAR MANAGING DIRECTOR. National Federation of Co-operative Sugar Factories Ltd. New Delhi (INDIA). OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION. Co-generation Indian Energy Scenario Renewable Energy Development Power Generation from Renewal source of Fuel

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National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

CO-GENERATION - AN INDIAN MODEL

VINAY KUMAR

MANAGING DIRECTOR

National Federation of

Co-operative Sugar Factories Ltd.

New Delhi (INDIA)


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION

  • Co-generation

  • Indian Energy Scenario

  • Renewable Energy Development

  • Power Generation from Renewal source of Fuel

  • Power generation from Bagasse in sugar industry


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

CO-GENERATION

  • Co-generation in simple terms is defined as a process of using single fuel to produce two forms of energy i.e.

  • Thermal energy - for process

  • Electrical energy- for utilities


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

NEED FOR CO-GENERATION

Power is the basic need for any activity. The growth of economy calls for commensurate growth in the infrastructure facilities.

India is facing a very significant power deficit today to- the tune of 20,000 MW (18% of peak deficit). Besides the above, it is estimated that requirement of fossil fuel shall be as under :-

  • 450 million tonnes of coal

  • 94 million tonnes of oil

Most of this energy consists of non-renewable sources and thereby in effect unsustainable.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

BENEFITS OF CO-GENERATION

  • For the End-users/Co-generators:

  • Additional income from selling surplus electricity

  • Additional income from selling CHG

  • a)Certified Emission Reduction (CER)

  • b)Increasing security for clean energy supply


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

For the Power utility & National Economy

  • Saving primary energy consumption

  • • Reducing transmission and distribution losses

  • •Less burden on Government for power generation investment

  • •Less environmental pollution


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

INDIAN ENERGY SCENARIO

  • Total population -1.18 billion

  • Rural population -0.7 billion

  • Total number of villages -640,000

  • Number of un-electrified villages-125,000


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

INSTALLED POWER SCENARIO

• TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY : 1,48,265 MW

• GROSS GENERATION: 640 billion units

• PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION : 620 kWh/ annum

• ENERGY SHORTAGE : about 8%

• PEAK SHORTAGE : about 18 %


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

POWER GROWTH PERSPECTIVE

* Electricity demand growing @ 8% annually

* Capacity addition of about 92,000 MW required in the next 10 years

* Challenge to meet the energy needs in a sustainable manner


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

THE CHALLENGE & VISION

*India is facing formidable challenges in meetings its energy needs and providing adequate energy of desired quality in a sustainable manner and at a reasonable costs.

*To meet the above challenge, Government of India took the decision to develop 10% power from renewable source by 2012.

*The Government vision is to provide power to all citizens.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

RENEWABLE ENERGY IN INDIA - POTENTIAL

Wind Power - 48000 MW

Small Hydro - 15000 MW

Biomass Power - 16000 MW

Bagasse Cogen - 5000 MW

Solar Energy - 20 MW/Sq Km

Waste to Energy - 2500 MW


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

BIOMASS

TYPES OF BIOMASS WHICH CAN BE USED

• Agricultural Field Residues

• Agro Industrial Residues

• Bagasse

• Wood from plantation

• Waste wood from industrial operations


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES

  • Biomass Technologies Currently Deployed

    • • Combustion

    • • Gasification

  • Cogeneration

    • • Bagasse cogeneration in sugar mills

    • • Non-bagasse cogeneration in other industries


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

STATE WISE POTENTIAL OF CO-GENERATION IN

SUGAR INDUSTRY


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

State


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

STATE WISE STATUS OF CO-GENERATION


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

PROMOTIONAL INCENTIVES FOR BIOMASS PROJECTS

*Accelerated depreciation 80% in first year (boiler and turbine)

*Income Tax holiday under section 80 1A for 10 years.

*Concessional import duty, excise duty exemptions on equipments & components required for initial setting up of the project.

*Sales tax exemption in some states.

*IREDA provide loan for biomass power / co-generation projects.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

*Preferential tariff in 14 states.

*Ministry of Food provide concessional loan for Co-generation project @ 4% to the 40% of the project cost.

*Ministry of New and Renewable Energy also grant capital subsidy @ 60 lacs per MW upto the maximum of 8 crores per project.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

INDIAN MODEL OF CO-GENERATION.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

A-CASE STUDY - EXISTING 5000 TCD SUGAR PLANT

  • EQUIPMENTS:-

  • Replacing / scrapping of the existing low pressure power plant which includes boilers, turbines and accessories after installation of efficient co-generation plant with high pressure 87 kg/cm2boiler, turbine, switch yard, transmission line and other accessories.

  • Replacing the existing inefficient turbine drive for Mill replace with energy efficient VFD – A.C. motors.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

  • *Replacing of the existing inefficient turbines drives for fibrizer / shredder with H.T. motors after installation of Co-generation plant.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

INVESTMENT:-


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

RETURN ON INVESTMENT:-

Thus, the return on investment is less than 3 years.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

B-CASE STUDYNEW 5000 TCD SUGAE PLANT

MAIN EQUIPMENTS AND THEIR COST:-


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

RETURN ON INVESTMENT (Power Export):-


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

EXECUTION OF TIME REQUIRED


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

PERFORMANCE DATA

Performance of the Haidergarh Chini Mills (a unit of Balrampur Chini Mills Ltd.) a 5000 TCD plant for 3 years is given below for reference purpose only.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

CONCLUSION

  • This is the appropriate time to plan for adoption of such technologies which can bring extra revenue to sugar mills.

  • Return on investment is normally 3-5 years depending upon selection of technology and sizing of equipment.

  • Selection of proper, size and addition of appropriate technology play a major role for maintaining higher plant load factor and higher efficiencies of the plant.

  • NFCSF provided consultancy services for around 20 sugar co-generation project from inception to commissioning.


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

OVERALL VIEW OF POWER PLANT


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

CONTROL ROOM


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

VIEW OF BOILER


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

VIEW OF ALTERNATOR


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

VIEW OF COOLING TOWER


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

VIEW OF SWITCH YARD 11kv/132 kv


National federation of co operative sugar factories ltd new delhi india

THANKS

NATIONAL FEDERATION OF COOPERATIVE SUGAR FACTORIES LIMITED

‘ANSAL PLAZA’ BLOCK-C, 2ND FLOOR

AUGUST KRANTI MARG,

NEW DELHI-110049 (INDIA)

Tel. : 26263425, 26263436, 26263696

Fax : 011-26263658, e-mail : [email protected]


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