Introduction to gin o mai
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Introduction to gin.o.mai. Two Terms to know: Positionally: A reference to one’s position in relationship to something else. Experientially: A reference to one’s experience in relationship to something else. Review of the Introduction to The Epistle of James.

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Introduction to gin.o.mai

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Introduction to gin.o.mai

Two Terms to know:

  • Positionally: A reference to one’s position in relationship to something else.

  • Experientially: A reference to one’s experience in relationship to something else.


Review of theIntroduction to The Epistle of James

Author: GodWriter: James (brother of Jesus)Time Period: ~45-50 A.D.Written To: Those scattered from Jerusalem.


Review of theIntroduction to The Epistle of James

James deals with one topic which he addresses through four evidences.

  • True Spirituality:a. Faith in action.b. Self-Control.c. Unselfish, Generous, Impartial, Patient.d. Submits to God through Prayer.

    James teaches what True Spirituality means, and also teaches the mechanics needed in order to be “Truly Spiritual.”


Review of Trial Protocol

Verse two of James chapter 1 identifies Trial Protocol. Trial Protocol is the operational procedure designed to be enacted when an individual is faced with a trial during their time on earth.

Protocol Summary: Action to enact: Hold an opinion of all joy which governs your thought process. When to enact: Upon facing trials during time on earth.


Review of Faith Action

Verse three of James chapter 1 identifies Faith Action. Faith Action is the doctrine that dependence upon Bible Doctrine during testing results in the ability to remain under circumstances (trying or not).

Faith Action:Dependence upon Bible Doctrine results in the ability to remain under circumstances.


Review of Key Terms from verse 3

Important terms to remember:

1. pistewV – complete dependency upon a person or object to perform a specific task.

2. katergazetai – works from the inside to the outside.

3. upomonhn – ability to remain under.


Review of pistewV

pistewV

faith

pistewVis a feminine noun which means, “complete dependency.”

It identifies a relationship between two or more objects or persons in which one of the objects or persons is completely dependent upon the other for some thing or action. i.e.: Sitting in a chair.


Review of Key Terms from verse 3

Important terms to remember:

1. pistewV – complete dependency upon a person or object to perform a specific task.

2. katergazetai – works from the inside to the outside.

3. upomonhn – ability to remain under.


Review of katergazetai

katergazetai

produces

Katergazetai is a present middle passive indicative verb meaning, “works from the inside to the outside.”


Review of Key Terms from verse 3

Important terms to remember:

1. pistewV – complete dependency upon a person or object to perform a specific task.

2. katergazetai – works from the inside to the outside.

3. upomonhn – ability to remain under.


Review of upomonhn

upomonhn

endurance

The object of “katergazetai” is “upomonhn.”

“upomonhn” means, “Ability to remain under.”Literally: upo, meaning “under” andmononhn, meaning “abide” or “remain.”


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

“And let endurance have its perfect result, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.”

James 1:4


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

de h upomonh

buttheendurance

James begins verse 4 with the words de h upomonh. In doing so, he builds upon what he just finished saying in verse 3.

upomonh refers to the “ability to remain under.”

James uses it to refer to the believer’s ability to remain underneath trials, rather than be overcome by them.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

ergonteleion

workcomplete

ergon (pronounced “ehr-gon”) means, “product which results from a process.”

James uses the Neuter Gender to identify ergon as a tool or instrument used to accomplish something.


Gender in Koine Greek

Koine Greek uses gender to identify relationship correlations over biological construction.

3 Gender Types:1. Masculine gender – identifies an initiator

  • Neuter gender – identifies a tool or instrument

  • Feminine gender – identifies a responder

    ergonis in the Neuter Gender which identifies it as a tool or instrument used to accomplish something.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

ergonteleion

workcomplete

ergon (pronounced “ehr-gon”) means, “product which results from a process, and is a tool used to accomplish something.”

The product which is the result of a process is a tool designed to be used by the believer to accomplish something.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

ergonteleion

workcomplete

The adjective “teleion” (pronounced “tel-ei-on) describes ergon as being “complete.”

This means that the work is completely finished. There is nothing left to be done to it.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

ecetw

have

ecetw (pronounced “ech-e-toe”) is a present active imperative which means “to have.”

It refers to the complete possession of one thing by another.

“For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.”

John 3:16


Tense in Koine Greek

Tense is used to identify the type of action in Koine Greek more so than the time of action.

There are many tenses and combinations of tenses.

Simply described, the present tense identifies a continuous type of action. An action which starts and then keeps going with no reference made to when it finishes

ecetwis a present tense verb which means, “continuously have.”


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

ecetw

have

ecetw (pronounced “ech-e-toe”) is a present active imperative which means “to have.”

It refers to the complete possession of one thing by another.

Present tense application:

“continuously have”


Voice in Koine Greek

Voice is used in Koine Greek to express how the subject operates in relationship to the verb. There are three types of voice in Koine Greek:

  • Active Voice – the subject performs the action.

  • Middle Voice – the subject participates in the action.

  • Passive Voice – the subject is acted upon by the action.

    “ecetw” is in the Active Voice. This identifies the subject as performing the action to “continuously have.”


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

ecetw

have

ecetw (pronounced “ech-e-toe”) is a present active imperative which means “to have.”

It refers to the complete possession of one thing by another.

Present tense with active voice application:

“continuously perform the action to have”


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

What is “continuously performing the action to have?”

The subject of ecetw is upomonh. Therefore, the “ability to remain under” is what “continuously performs the action to have.”

When we depend upon Bible Doctrine to support us, the ability to remain under testing of our character works from inside of us to the outside.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

What is it that is possessed by upomonh?

The direct object of ecetw is ergonteleion. Therefore, the “ability to remain under” possesses a “complete product which results from a process, and is a tool used to accomplish something.”


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

upomonhergonteleionecetw

Ability to remain under work complete have

The subject is upomonh. The action is ecetw. The direct object is ergonteleion.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

The ability to remain under continuously performs the action to have a complete product. That product is the result of a process and becomes a tool which is used to accomplish something.

All of this is given in the Imperative Mood by James.


Mood in Koine Greek

Mood is used in Koine Greek to establish the atmosphere of an action or state of being. There are four types of mood in Koine Greek:

  • Indicative Mood- identifies reality

  • Optative Mood- identifies desire

  • Imperative Mood- identifies command

  • Subjunctive Mood- identifies possibility

    “ecetw” is in the Imperative Mood. This identifies it as a command.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

James is commanding the diaspora to let their “ability to remain under” perform the action to have its complete work.

He then gives the purpose for his command.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

ina

in order that

ina (pronounced “he-nah”) means “in order that.”

It identifies purpose behind something.

So James commands the diaspora to let their ability to remain under trials have its complete work “in order that…”


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

hteyou may be

hte(pronounced “hae-tae”) corresponds to our English words, “is,” “are,” and “be.”

It means, “exist in the state of being.” James uses the subjunctive mood with hte.


Mood in Koine Greek

Mood is used in Koine Greek to establish the atmosphere of an action or state of being. There are four types of mood in Koine Greek:

  • Indicative Mood- identifies reality

  • Optative Mood- identifies desire

  • Imperative Mood- identifies command

  • Subjunctive Mood- identifies possibility

    “hte” is in the Subjunctive Mood. This identifies it as a possibility.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

hteteleioikaioloklhroiyou may be perfect and complete

hte(pronounced “hae-tae”) means, “exist in the state of being.”

The subjunctive mood identifies the possibility of existing in the state of being something.

What is the state of being which James is identifying?


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

teleioikaioloklhroiperfect and complete

teleioi(pronounced “tel-ei-oi”) means “complete.”

The emphasis is on the finality of a process which completes an object or a person.

Therefore, it is not the act of completing something, but the recognition that something has been completed, and is thus complete.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

teleioikaioloklhroiperfect and complete

oloklhroi(pronounced “hol-o-klae-roi”) means, “whole in every aspect.”

It refers to the quality of a completed process as having met every specification of a plan.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

oloklhroi(pronounced “hol-o-klae-roi”) means, “whole in every aspect.”

God has a blueprint for who you are designed to be. This includes what He has designed for you to do, who He has designed for you to interact with, to marry, to parent, to work, to play, to die.

Complete harmony with this blueprint is the result of the Faith Action Principle.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

hteteleioikaioloklhroiyou may be perfect and complete

The subjunctive mood identifies the possibility of existing in the state of being complete and whole in every aspect.

But(!), this is dependent upon your obedience to James’ command to let your ability to remain under have its complete work in your life.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

en mhdenileipomenoiinnothinglacking

en mhdenileipomenoiis a phrase which means, “lacking in nothing.”

The emphasis of this phrase produces the understanding that not a single thing will be found lacking in you as a result of this process.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

Summary:

Verse 2 teaches us to enact Trial Protocol. This produces the Faith Action Principle taught by Verse 3. The Faith Action Principle of verse 3 produces the Faith Action Product taught by verse 4.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

Therefore, enacting Trial Protocol during trials brings your ability to remain under those trials from the inside to the outside.

This is done through dependence upon Bible Doctrine which you have previously learned and accepted as able to support you.

The ability to remain under trials resulting from Trial Protocol is the agent which brings about personal growth towards being complete and whole in every aspect.


Trials & Tribulation (Part 3)

However(!), you must allow the Faith Action Principle to operate in order that you might become complete and whole in every aspect.

By letting the Faith Action Principle have its complete work, you perform the action to exist in the state of being complete and whole in every aspect of God’s blueprint for you as an individual.

Doing this results in you being described as “lacking in nothing.”


Diagram 1

The Diagram of Trial & Tribulation Protocol* appears this way:

*(summary of Trial Protocol, the Faith Action Principle, and the Faith Action Product)

Trial Protocol (enables)

The Faith Action Principle (which produces)

Faith Action Product (Spiritual Growth)


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