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The first step in honey making is the gathering of nectar. Bees live in a honey beehive which they leave when they go in search of nectar. The field bees are also known as the older working bees. The field bee has a tongue that resembles a tube and is called proboscis. Nectar is sucked by the field bee through this proboscis, which then goes into their honey stomach.
Now, once nectar is gathered, these field bees return to their hives wherein the young worker bees suck the nectar through their proboscis from the honey stomach of the field bees.
It is now time for the young worker bees that are also called the house bees to turn the nectar into honey. This is however done by the house bees by working the nectar inside their mouths by utilizing some enzymes that turn the nectar into raw honey. This is done in about 20 minutes
The raw honey thus prepared is kept into the cells present in the beehive, by the house bees. Honey at this stage is rich in its water content.
Next comes the step, where the honey is ripened. This is done by the honey bees by leaving the cells of the beehive open and by the creation of a strong draft with the aid of their wings. This draft, evaporates the water content out of the honey and therefore ripens it. Even bees remove the water, which is present in honey in the form of droplets. They do this with the help of their mouth.
Bees consider the honey as ripened, when the water content is brought down. This ripened honey is protected or secured with the help of wax, that is produced in small sheets under the abdomen of the bee. Once the securing process is done, the honey is ready for use within the colony of the honey bees or for that matter even for human beings.