Rights based approach
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RIGHTS BASED APPROACH. Trends in the Human Rights Tradition. From focus on civil and political rights to broader concern with all rights- economic, social and cultural rights From a punitive to positive ethos of constructive dialogue and supports

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RIGHTS BASED APPROACH

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Rights based approach

RIGHTS BASED APPROACH


Trends in the human rights tradition

Trends in the Human Rights Tradition

  • From focus on civil and political rights to broader concern with all rights- economic, social and cultural rights

  • From a punitive to positive ethos of constructive dialogue and supports

  • From poverty alleviation as merely a development issue to poverty eradication as a matter of social justice and dignity.

  • From state-centered approach to participatory, multi-actor approaches involving media, corporation, communities and individuals

  • From national to international global accountability


Principles of the rights based approach

Principles of the rights-based approach ???????


1 programs based on the international human rights standards and norms

(1) Programs based on the international human rights standards and norms

RBA

Program

UDHR

Bills of Rights

ICCPR/ICESCR

International Conventions

CEDAW, CRC, CAT, Migrant, Refugees

Declaration on Development, Indigenous People, Minority


2 the goal is to bring about the realization of the rights of the people

(2) The goal is to bring about the realization of the rights of the people

  • It is differ from partial and time-bound development targets. A rights-based goals is only achieved when all people enjoy the right.


Rights based approach

(3) Right based approach aims to enable claim holders to claim their rights and duty bearers to meet their obligations under international law


The duty bearers

The duty bearers

  • The primary duty-bearer is the government

    • At national level

    • State level

    • Local level

  • The secondary duty-bearers are private individuals and institutions but the primary responsibility remains with 1


4 working together towards a common goal

(4) Working together towards a common goal

  • Not based on one organization to accomplish on its own.

  • Required work at different levels, by different groups using variety of approaches.

  • Joint analysis, common strategies and collaboration


5 the approach is not only about what you achieve but also how you achieve it

(5) The approach is not only about what you achieve, but also how you achieve it.

working in partnership, putting poor people at the centre, transforming the power relations that keep poor people poor, and recognizing the centrality of unequal gender relations in this process.


What are the components of the rights based approach

WHAT ARE THE COMPONENTS OF THE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH?

  • ANALYSIS BASED ON THE REALIZATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

    • By analyzing each right

    • By analyzing those responsible

      2. MEANINGFUL PARTICIPATION AT EACH STAGE

      3. OBJECTIVES AND GOALS BASED ON HUMAN RIGHTS

      4. MEASURING OUTCOMES IN HUMAN RIGHTS TERMS

      5. UTILIZING MECHANISMS OF ACCOUNTABILITY


Rights based approach

  • Rights-based approach

  • People are entitled to help

  • Governments have binding legal and moral obligation

  • People are active participants by right

  • All people have the same rights to fulfill their potential

  • There is an overarching goal to which all work contributes

  • All groups can play a role in achieving their rights

  • Analyze root causes

Needs based approach

  • People deserve help

  • Government ought to do something but no one has definite obligation

  • People can participate in order to improve service delivery

  • Given scarce resources sme people may have to be left out

  • Each piece of work has its own goals but there is no unifying overall purpose

  • Certain groups have technical expertise to meet people’s need

  • Looks at specific, immediate situation


The human rights based approach difference one

The human rights-based approach: difference one

  • Based on claims not on charity. Thus the approach focuses on

    • Exclusion

    • Inequality

    • Discrimination

    • Social structures

    • Policy change


The human rights based approach difference two

The human rights-based approach: difference two

  • The human rights-based approach is process-based

    • Rule of law, but not merely legal: non-legal, social, political processes

    • Advocacy

    • Long-term alliances

    • Human rights within each organization


Panel analysis

PANEL ANALYSIS

  • Participation

  • Accountability

  • Non-discrimination

  • Empowerment

  • Links to human rights standards


How to implement a rba to education

How to implement a RBA to education

  • Building from the grassrootsto the national and international, understanding that each level has distinct but complementary role to play;

  • Linking with others, including education coalitions, social movements, teachers’ unions, the media and government as appropriate, based on the understanding that we should be working together, complementing each others’ work, not competing with each other; or wasting resources through duplication of work;

  • Taking a holistic approach, focusing on education as an entry point but recognizing that there are many issues which impact on people’s ability to access education and that these are complex;

  • Exploring the roles of different stakeholders, from local cultural custodians to the international financial institutions, all of whom need to be included in the struggle for education rights;


How to implement a rba to education con

How to implement a RBA to education (Con)

  • Recognizing the centrality of genderand power relations and their impact on people’s ability to access education or be involved in transforming education, and therefore prioritizing work in this area;

  • Using participatory methodsto actively engage rights-holders in influencing, designing and monitoring education policy and delivery, ensuring that complex information is translated and repackaged tomake it more accessible at the grassroots;

  • Learning from and documenting experiences, and sharing these with other practitioners so that practice can continually improve and evolve;

  • Being honest about achievements, not over claiming success and recognizing that there are many different forces at play, and other initiatives which influence people’s reality. It is also important to be open about challenges and failures, which can be great for learning and strengthening practice.


Therefore at the local level people should be

Therefore, at the local level people should be

  • Reflecting on and analyzing their context, drawing on local realities and information accessed from partner organisations at national and international levels;

  • Developing strategic action plans, targeting individual, community and local actions, based on in-depth analysis;

  • Building partnerships, mobilizing others and developing networks;

  • Researchingand generating evidence (which can be used locally and nationally);

  • Communicatingat local, national and international levels, through written documentation, as well as using oral and visual media;

  • Linkingwith government, media and other powerful actors.


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